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Books about Maitland

Maitland schooldays /​ by Jean Short (1977)

Maitland Institute Library : condensed history (1980)

The Hundred of Maitland School 1919-1927 by Beryl Neumann (1988)

The pioneering Bowman brothers of Maitland and Ardrossan Wicks, M. N. (1979)

The Maitland Hospital : (an anecdotal history) 1911-1993 compiled by Brad Walker (1993)

Golden jubilee of the Maitland (South Australia) Congregational Church : 1875-1925 (1925)

Yesterday and Today - 1872-1972, The Maitland-Kilkerran Centenary Committee Catford, D.G. (Comp., 1972)

Governor Ferguson's Legacy. a history of the early days of the Maitland- Kilkerran Districts Heinrich, R. (1972)


District Council of Yorke Peninsula - History of Maitland

The first name bestowed on the area was "Yorke Valley". The aborigines knew the locality as "Madi Waltu" meaning "White Flint".

The township, which was proclaimed on 22nd August 1872, was named by Governor Sir James Fergusson after lady Jean Maitland, wife of the Second Baronet and First Lord of Kilkerran, one of his ancestors. The streets of the town bear the names of the Rogers family: Robert, Elizabeth, Gardiner, Alice, Walter, Caroline. They occupied this country as pastoralists until 1872 when the lease was revoked and the land was surveyed for closer settlement and agriculture.


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Early Photographs of Maitland

B-31791

State Library of South Australia - B 31791 - Yorke Valley Hotel 1936.


B-41667

Car rally on the way to Edithburgh assembled in the main street of Maitland. Arranged by Duncan and Fraser, agents for the Standard and Argyll cars 1909 - State Library of South Australia - B 41667


MOTOR CARS ON YORKE'S PENINSULA.

Tue 26 Oct 1909, The Register (Adelaide, SA : 1901 - 1929)

EDITHBURGH, October 24.— Quite an event In the history of the town was the invasion of about 40 motor cars on Friday. The sight was unique, and will long be remembered by residents, Mr. S. A. Cheney, of Messrs. Duncan & Fraser, agents of the Argyle car's, had arranged a picnic among purchasers of cars residing at Maitland and the surrounding districts. A splendid turnout was the result. Maitland was left at 9 a.m. and a procession, in which 33 cars took part, was formed. The cars ran 200 yards apart, and on arrival here went through the main streets and then to the oval. So well were they marshalled along the route that the timetable arranged was adhered to by the minute. The first car arrived at 11.45 a.m., and the last eight, eight minutes later. Cars owned by the following took part in the run: — G. L. Greenslade. H. H. Lamshed. E. W. & J. W. Moody. E. B. & A. J. H. Moody, J. T. Shrapel, Dr. L. O.'Betts, J. Francis, R. D. Hogart, M. Whitburn, R. C. Kitto, R. K. Kitto, T. J. Foreman. D. Powell, G. W. Brooks. W. H. Daniels. J. Tait, S. A. Cheney, G. Rinder. E. Deuby. G. Foale, Wheatley. J. Roach. J. Dellow. F. McArdell, E. Phillips, A. Murdoch. A. E. Arthur, P. Jackson. W. E. Thiem, W. Ogiivie, W. Standley, E. Pitcher, and B. Jarrett. A largre marquee had been erected on the ground, and in this the visitors lunched. A cricket match took place between the visitors and an eleven from the S.T.P. Association, which resulted in a win for the local team. The scores were: Visitors— W. Demby. 25; Dr. L. O. Betts, 18; C. Moody, 14: A. Moody. 14; J. Tiddy, 20: total. 103. S.Y.P.— A. Grave, 46; R. T. McFarlane, 10: J. Bramley, 10; E. Aldenhoven, 21: G. R. Ewens, 16 not out; E. : Bartram, 12 not out; total, 6 for 130. A start for home was made at 5 o'clock, and in a brief period the whole contingent had departed. It was estimated that the motor cars on the oval represented a value of £20, 000.

B-17809

First Motor Picnic, using Argyll motorcars, from Maitland to Edithburgh, organised by Duncan & Fraser Co.- 22 October 1909

State Library of South Australia - B 17809


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Family picnic after a car rally from Maitland see B21276 1911 - State Library of South Australia - B 21279


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View along Robert Street 1910 - State Library of South Australia - B 20409/1


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Robert St - State Library of South Australia - B 20402


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Robert Street - State Library of South Australia - B 20575


B-20403

Robert St - State Library of South Australia - B 20403


B-20404

Robert Street - State Library of South Australia - B 20404


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Children outside Mailtand School with boys playing cricket 1890 - State Library of South Australia B 38142


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A farmhouse and outbuildings, Maitland, South Australia; a herd of horses stands on the road in front of the homestead 1912 State Library of South Australia - PRG 280/1/14/505

B-54566

MAITLAND: A Sunday School class in progress run by the Methodist Church at Maitland 1914

State Library of South Australia - B 54566

OPENING OF A KINDERGARTEN ROOM AT MAITLAND.

Fri 4 Jul 1913, Australian Christian Commonwealth (SA : 1901 - 1940)

The new kindergarten room recently erected in connection with the Methodist Sunday-school - was declared open on Wednesday evening by Mr. H. Lipson Hancock, of Moonta Mines. Mr. W. Bowey, on behalf of the trustees, handed to Mr. Hancock the key with which to open the building, and those who inspected it were unanimous in the opinion that it looked nice, comfortable, and homely. After the ceremony an adjournment was made to the lecture hall, which had previously been laid out as a kindergarten room, the spectators being accommodated on seats placed around the sides of the hall. The chairman (Rev. A. A. Smith) was supported on the platform by Rev. E. J. Stacy and Messrs. Hancock, W. Bowey, W. R. Bayly, and C. Dain. Mr. Hancock delivered an interesting address on this new Sunday-school method of conducting and imparting knowledge to the rising generation. Beginning with the cradle roll, the teaching is continued until a selfreliable and matured character is formed. The system was a good training-ground for future teachers, thus solving the great problem of how to retain our elder scholars. The audience was then treated to a practical demonstration by the children themselves, under the guidance of the superintendent (Mr. Tregelgas) and his staff of teachers. This over, little Miss Tiddy, on behalf of the class, presented the lecturer with a buttonhole. The superintendent then made an appeal to the parents for their sympathy and help by sending the children in good time for school on Sundays, as punctuality was the soul of business, also for more teachers and more funds to complete the scheme. The secretary (Mr. Andrew) presented a report, which explained the inner working of the scheme and its finance; he also showed that there were twenty-one on the cradle roll, fourteen in the beginners' class, and thirty in the kindergarten class, and made a strong appeal for funds to purchase a new piano. The balance-sheet showed a deficit of about £7, which he hoped would be wiped off by that evening's effort. Mr. W. Bowey proposed, and Mr. C. Dain seconded, a hearty vote of thanks to Mr. Hancock and the Moonta Mines teachers for their visits. Mr. Hancock replied, and hoped the primary department would soon be an accomplished fact. Mr. H. W. Tossell contributed a solo, Mrs. H. H. Lamshed presiding at the piano. During the evening refreshments were handed round. The opening of the kindergarten room makes an epoch in the history of Methodism in Maitland.


MAITLAND AND METHODISM.

Sat 3 Apr 1936, The Mail (Adelaide, SA : 1912 - 1954)

Jubilee of the Church -By REV. C. H. NIELD

Since the advent of superphosphates Maitland district has been one of the surest, most prolific in the State. lts soil and its climate are peculiarly favorable to resgular and heavy yields of the finest of wheat. Even in 1914 many of its farmers did well; some had large returns.

There are probably more motor cars there in proportion to this population than in any other part of the State. Over 1,250 cars carried their loads of prosperous Peninsula and other folk to its show last year.

Land values are a good guide. Mr. Horace Tossell sold his farm recently at nearly £30 an acre. Land at Koolywurtie sold years ago at 6/ an acre, is now worth twice as many pounds.

Solid, substantial and some costly homes are seen in every direction well furnished, convenient and modern, and the district has a reputation for warm-hearted hospitality won longr ago and well kept up. With its high school, its hospital, its electric lighting-system, its spacious institute, its large stores and garages, it seems to need only a water system and a railway line from Paskeville to make it as up to date as it is already prosperous.

Founders of the Church

Side by side with the development of the town and district, Methodum has kept pace. This week the Methodists of Maitland have been celebrating their jubilee.

Descendants of the early families who helped to build up the Methodist cause in the early days-the Greenslades, Millers, Lamsbede, Tiddys, Jarrette, Edwards, Francesses, Kellys, Bowmans, Bentleys, Bagshaws and others, are still in evidence in the town and district. Some of these occupy similar positions in the church to those filled by their parents and grandparents.

The Teputation for generous support of church enterprises outside the circuit itself is still maintained. Over £700 in one year was recently contributed, by the Maitland Circuit to Home and Foreign. Missions.

Two of the best-remembered workers and helpers in the circuit, were the late Elias and George Greenslade. They were modern Cheeryble brothers and provoked one another to good works, and generous benefactions. Their widows, who shared their husbands largeness of heart, still reside in Maitland, and their sons are well-known farmers in the Maitland and Urania districts, and maintain the family traditions. The late Henry Lamshed, who for a while represented the district in Parliament, was a prominent local preacher in the early history of the circuit, when ministers were obliged to travel far and wide.

An elder son, Mr. H. H. Tarashea, has retired, and lives in the town. Messrs. Fred, and Frank Lamshed are farming on land just outside the town and Mr, Theo further out.

The business founded by the late Mr. J. O. Tiddy, sen. is carried on in Maitland by Mr. J. O. Tiddy, jun., with Mr. J. Tiddy, a younger son, at Ardrossan. Mr. J. O. Tiddy is choirmaster at the Maitland Church, and his brother a leading worker in the Ardrossan Circuit.

Original Trustee Living

One original trustee of the church is still living— Mr. Joseph Francis. He and his wife reside in the neighborhood. Mrs. George Greenslade laid one of the foundation stones, and Mrs. Elias Greenslade was present on the same occasion.

Mr. H. G. Tossell. M. H. A. and Mr. R. W. Bowey and their families have been prominently conncted with the church in later years, but recently have lived in Prospect. Mr. Horace Tossell, proprietor of the Y. P. Farmer, is now a resident of Kadlna. Generally, however, the church and the circuit are still strongly supported by worthy descendants of the honored pioneers. The present circuit stewards are Messrs. G. L. Greesnslade and W. H. Bagshaw and the church trustees are: —Messrs. Joseph Francis. W. H. Lamshed, Albert Greenslade, A. H. Francis, F. W. Lamshed, James O. Tiddy {secretary and treasurer), W. J. Noble, B. K. Coleman, G. L. Greesnslade F. G. Lamshed, F. H. Fischer, R. S. Kennedy, F. W. Francis, C. C Parsons, H. W. Tossell, T. E, Ash, and A. E. Jarrett.

Other Other churches in the circuit are at Weetulta, Sunny Vale, Urania, Arthurton, and Port Victoria, while services are held regularly at the Point Pearce Mission Station. Rev. F. W. Brasher, the present minister, has had the help this last year of Mr. O. L. Noske, as Circuit Assistant.

The attendances at each of the three services last Sunday were large. Rev A. J. Finch, of Norwood, a former Maitland minister, was the preacher. Meetings have been held each evening of the present week except Monday, with re-union gatherings on Good Friday Tomorrow the services will be conducted by Revs. E. W. Brasher and W. J. Mortimer, with an Old Folks Choir in the morning and afternoon.

Ministers in Charge

Of those who had charge of the Maltland circuit during the first 25 years of its history, three are now supernumerary ministers— Revs. Robert Kelly of Ivanboe, Victoria, W. A. Langsford (Joslin). C. H. Nield, Hawthorn, Mr. Kelly had two terms at Maitland, as had also the late Rev. T. M. Rowe. Rev. W. T. Hiatt was transferred to the Victorian Conference in 1902, and has since labored in that state.

Other Maitland ministers of those earlier years have since passed away including Kevs. T. M. Rowe, T. E Thomas, J. Read, H. H. Teague, L Perry, S. Rossiter, and T. R Angwin. Rev Octavius Lake, who had charge from 1904 to 1909, died a few years ago at an advanced age, and Rev. J. Raymont is living in retirement at Malvern. Rev, Charles Martin; a man of exceptional gifts and an ex-president of the Conference, died in Adelaide on his way to Maitland from Queensland in 1919. Mrs. H. H. Tossell, until recently of Maitland, is a daughter. Mr. Martin's place was filled for a year by Rev. G. S. Wellington. In addition to the present minister, who leaves for Bordertown during April, the following have been appointed to Maitland since Mr. Lake's term:— Revs. H. J. Finch (now of Norwood), A. A. Smith (Moonta), J C Jennison (appointed to Mallala), and J Shaw (Clarence Park).

Two of those who acted as circuit assistants at Maitland and afterwards became ministers have since been presidents of Conferncee — Rev. A. W Bray of Western Australia, and Rev Percy Knight (this year), of New Zealand, son of the late Rev. Samuel Knight, for many years well-known as a preacher of remarkable power.

B-38139

Maitland School when the Headmaster was Mr.Fulcher 1890 - State Library of South Australia - B 38139


PRG-280-1-7-447

Members of the Maitland Council; names not known 1913 - State Library of South Australia - PRG 280/1/7/447


DISTRICT COUNCIL OF YORKE PENINSULA.

Fri 1 Jul 1910, Yorke's Peninsula Advertiser (SA : 1878 - 1922)

MAITLAND : Monday, June 20.

Present — Councillors Charles George Roots Cane (Chairman), Hassing, James Neil Smith, Frederick Paul Wundereitz, Fox, Johann Carl Edward Hempel, William George Rowntree, Henrich, Willing, and Miller, and the Overseer (Mr H. G. Tossell), and Clerk (Mr Ernest A, Smith).

REPORTS The Chairman and Counoillor Fox reported having, as a deputation, waited on the Commissioner of Public Works to protest against tbe resumption of the Port Victoria jetty by the Marine Board and had a sympathetic hearing. They had also brought the matter of reinstatement of the Urania Road on the Main Road Schedule before the Commissioner.

The Overseer and Clerk and jetty toll collectors at Ardrossan and Port Victoria presented their usual monthly reports.

Curators of Mainland and Port Victoria cemeteries reported two and one interments respectively daring the month.

CORRESPONDENCE

From Senators McGregor, Guthrie and Story and Representative Foster, re Ardrossan and Price telephone line: — Received; Chairman and Clerk to send necessary reply.

From Ardrossan Vigilance Committee, asking that portion of park lands near Clay Gully and tank be dedicated to the committee for tree-planting—Recived ; request granted for portion crossing the creek but that near tank to stand in abeyance until after inspection.

From L. McArthur, asked that bank be ploughed down near Hoffmann's on Port Victoria Road—Received ; to be attended to and overhanging trees on same road to be trimnred.

From A. G. Winter and C. Cane, applying for renewal of slaughtering licences, hundred Cunningham—Granted.

Memorial from residents in and around Maitland requesting that the Maitland cemetery be handed over to the Maitland Corporation—To stand over until next meeting.

ACCOUNTS PASSED FOR PAYMENT

The following accounts were passed for payment : — Main road, £144 16s 5d ; district account, £85 8s 4d.

QUESTIONS

Councillor Willing—Has any reports of typhoid caes at Ardrossan been received from the doctor? No.

Councilor Willing—Has the Council any intention of bringing in a by-law to prohibit he keeping of pigs in Ardrossan township? Nothing has been done in the matter so far.

TENDERS ACCPTED

Contact 31-—-Repairing 20 chains of road near Ardrossan—W. Adair £2 18s, to complete August 1.

Contract 32—Making about 5 chains of road between sections 36 & 84, hundred Muloowurlie—D Butifield £3 8s, August 31.

Contract S3—Making about 16 chains of rubble road between sections 154w and 157, hundred Balgowan—M, Goldner £3 10s, August 31.

Contract 34—Making about 7 chains of road between sections 158E and 159, hundred Kilkerran — Pat Coffey £4 10S, August 10.

Contract 35—Making about 6 chains of road between sections 51s and 124, hundred Kilkerran—Pal Coffey £2 15s, July 10. Coutrect 36—Making about 7 chains of road between sections 83 aud 191, hundred Cunningham—J. C. Hampshire £4, September 20.

GENERAL BUSINESS

Plans of Ardrossan extension were laid on the table for inspection aud approval. The clerk was instructed to look into the matter, which otherwise is to remain in abeyance until next meeting. Charles Clark was appointed ranger for Cunningham Ward in place of D. A. Kuhndt, whose resignation was accepted.

Councillor Willing gave notice that he would move at the next meeting that a by law be passed prohibiting the keeping of pigs in any township under the control of the council, the same to take effect on and after 31st August next.

Votes of thanks were accorded the Chairman, Overseer, and Clerk for satisfactory services during the past year, all of whom suitably replied;

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Premises of the local hospital at Maitland. - State Library of South Australia - B 59781/12


MAITLAND HOSPITAL. FOUNDATION STONE LAID.

Sat 2 Dec 1911, Observer (Adelaide, SA : 1905 - 1931)

MAITLAND, November '22.

An event of importance in the history of Maitland occurred on Wednesday afternoon, when the foundation stone of the hospital was laid. The ceremony was performed by the Premier (Hon. J. Verran), in the presence of a large assemblage. The day was tropical, and as a number of the farmers were busy, it speaks well for interest in the hospital that such a large crowd attended.

The Chairman of the Hospital Committee (Mr. J. O. Tiddy, sen.), outlined the history of the movement, which has in about 18 months been brought to such a successful issue. He referred to the two gentlemen who convened the first meeting in connection with the object—Messrs. J. Tiddy and F. P. Wundersitz. At a later meeting it was decided that a hospital was a necessary institution in the town. The following committee- was formed:—Messrs. J. O. Tiddy, sen. (Chairman), F. P. Wundersitz, C. F. G. Heinrich, A. C. Edson, C. B. Hastings, C. Cain, and J. W. Whittaker, Dr. Betts, and Mr. J. Tiddy (secretary).

The plans and specifications were drawn up by local tradesmen, and are a credit to the draftsman, who had the assistance of Dr. Betts. Provision has beep made for a well-builtt up-to-date, and modern structure, which will serve a large district surrounding Maitland, including Ardrossan, Arthurton, Port Victoria, Kilkerran, Tipara, and Dowlingville.

The Chairman stated that about £700 had been promised or collected, and the Government had promised a subsidy of £500, making a total of £1,200. He appealed for further assistance.

The Premier was presented by the committee and subscribers with a silver trowel as a memento of the occasion. He laid the foundation stone, and followed with an eloquent address. He said a hospital would give more scope to a good medical man, such as the residents of Maitland had in Dr. Betts. He sprung a pleasant surprise by announcing that provided a building costing £2,000 were erected, the Government was prepared to subscribe pound for pound an amount of £1,000.

After the ceremony the public adjourned to the show buildings, where tea was served. A good sum of money was collected, but further assistance is still required. The building will contain 11 rooms, comprising five wards—two 10 ft- x 13 ft., one 13 ft. x 11 ft., and two 13 ft. x 10 ft. An operating room fitted up in modern style will measure 15 ft. 9 in. x 15 ft. Provision is made for bedrooms for nurses and maids, a linen room, pantry, lavatories, baths, large dining room, and kitchen. French windows will lead out on to the verandah. The building will be constructed of limestone, with brick facings. The roof will be of the louvre type. All the lavatories and baths will he connected with a system of drainage, with up-to-date fittings. The water supply will be derived from tanks overhead and underground. The contract price is £1,950, and the work will be done by a local firm, Messrs. Klaebe & Eichele. A further substantial amount will have to be spent on furnishings. Promises of assistance are being received from all directions, and Dr. Betts is keenly interesting himself in the movement.

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Maitland Primary School - State Library of South Australia - B 59781/11


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Maitland Hotel - State Library of South Australia - B 59781/5


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Anglican Church at Maitland, State Library of South Australia - B 59781/9


ST. JOHN'S CHURCH, MAITLAND.

Wed 9 Dec 1874, Evening Journal (Adelaide, SA : 1869 - 1912)

The foundation-stone of the Church of St. John the Evangelist, Maitland, Yorke's Peninsula, was laid on Thursday, December 3, by Mrs. S. Rogers, of Yarroo, Yorke Valley. The usual office was said by the Rev. C. G. Taplin, who, after offerings to the amount of £16 8s. had been placed upon the stone, eulogized the Church of England people of Maitland for their enterprise in undertaking to build a church, remarking that the example might be copied with advantage by their co-religionists in other rural districts. They had evidently acted upon the principle that Heaven helped those who tried to help themselves. In too many cases people looked almost exclusively to the Bishop and clergy, as though they alone had the power to build and pay for churches. No doubt one reason for that state of things arose from the fact that Anglican Church people had yet to learn what voluntarism really meant. At home they had no occasion to trouble themselves much about finding funds to build churches or support clergy, but things were different here. He held that God was unrecognised by the State of South Australia except in the venerable formulary, " Victoria by the Grace of God, Queen of Great Britain," &c.; hence they would see that in matters pecuniary they had to depend upon themselves, and the sooner that was understood and heartily acted upon the sooner—humanly speaking—would they have flourishing Churches. One other principle had actuated them, which, as a priest of the Anglican Church, and a thorough and conscientious believer in the divine mission of the Church, and of her adaptability to supply the spiritual wants of man, he was proud and delighted to see fully recognised. It was that nothing but Church of England Ministry, Ordinances, and Liturgies could satisfy the spiritual wants of Church of England people. He said nothing disparagingly of other denominations— with them he had nothing to do—therefore he hoped he should not be misunderstood nor misrepresented. He was speaking to and of Church people, and it would be well if their brethren more generally acted upon the same principle. Many were content to wait till circumstances brought ordinances within their reach before taking action; while others were content to attend the first ministry settled in their neighbourhood, without respect of person or principle, so long as they could boast of being Protestant, which some regarded as a safe passport to heaven. He was proud to believe a nobler spirit of patriotism and loyalty to the principles of their Church actuated them, and was sure their clergy, from the Bishop downward, and all loyal lay people would congratulate them and pray that the work so happily commenced would in like manner be completed.

Mr. FRANCE, of Moonta, heartily congratulated the residents upon the occasion, and assured them that they had the earnest sympathy of himself and the Church of which he was a Warden. The warmest thanks were due to Mr. Rogers and those co-operating with him for the commendable energy they were displaying in the erection of a church.

Mr. W. AINSLIE MUDIE read a copy of a document placed under the stone as follows:—"The foundation-stone of this church, dedicated to the Evangelist St. John, was laid by Mrs. S. Rogers, of Yarroo, Maitland, assisted by the Rev. Charles Goodenough Taplin, Incumbent of St. Mary, Wallaroo, and of All Saints, Moonta, on the 3rd of December, 1874, being the 37th year of the reign of Her Most Gracious Majesty Queen Victoria, and the 27th of the consecration of the Right Rev. Augustus, first Lord Bishop of Adelaide; Anthony Musgrave, Esq., C.M.G., being Governor of the Province, and the Rev. C. Goodenough Taplin, Incumbent of this church. The half-acre of land on which this church stands was given by Samuel Rogers, Esq., J. P., of Yarroo, Maitland. Trustees—Messrs. Rogers, Renny, Kappler, W. F. Thompson, Edwin Short, jun., T. H. Hill, and W. Ainslie Mudie. Architect, Mr. C. Lennox Gardiner. Builder, Mr. C. H. Hick."

In the evening Divine service was celebrated at Mr. Rogers's residence, when a large number attended. The sermon was based upon Jer. vi. 16.

The new building will be plain, but neat and commodious. The interior dimensions are to be 20 feet by 32 feet in the clear, walls 14 feet high, with gables 26i feet. The roof will be open, with stained and varnished timber, and matchboard ceiling. The structure will hive three single lights on each side, and a double light over the porch. The erection will accommodate about 100 persons. It is hoped that it will be ready for opening in about three months, and, what is a gratifying feature, free from debt.


COUNTRY NEWS

Tue 13 Apr 1875, The South Australian Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1858 - 1889)

MAITLAND. April 2. (From our Country Correspondents.)

St John's Church (Episcopalian) was opened on Sunday last. The want of a public place of worship has long been felt. It is only a few months ago that the subject was mooted among the Church people, and although only few in number, they have, by energy and perseverance, succeeded in erecting a building which is alike a credit to them and to the district. It is a neat little structure, Gothic in style, capable of accommodating about 120 persons, it is lighted by three stained glass windows on each aide, with one in the front, and a circular one at the back. It is wholly completed inside and out. Mr. C. L. Gardiner gratuitously forwarded the plans, and Mr. B. C. Hicks was the builder. Mr. T. Rogers was, on Saturday last elected Minister's Warden, and Mr. R. Kappler People's Warden, and Messrs. A. Short and W. Thompson were chosen Sidemen. On Sunday the little edifice was crowded to excess at both services. The Rev. O. G. Taplin, from Moonta, officiated. His discourses were able, and bore signs of deep thought and study. The rev. gentleman was listened to throughout with great attention. On Monday afternoon a public tea, as harvest festival, was held In a large tent erected for the occasion near the church. A large number of persons attended. The trays ware kindly given and presided over by Mrs. S. Rogers, assisted by young ladies, Mrs. Short, also assisted by young ladies, and by Mesdames Bentiey and Palin. A few bachelors also contributed their mite by giving a tray, and waiting upon it. After tea, service was held in the church, when Mr. W. A Mudie (lay reader) conducted service. The building was again crowded. Several anthems were well rendered at this service, as well as at the Sunday services, for the choir. The collection on Sunday amounted to £7. There ls still debt of about £50 on the building, which the Trustees wish to wipe off as soon as possible. Thanks are due to the ladies for providing trays, also to Mr. James Howard and the choir for their able assistance ; most of the choir, although belonging to other denominations, willingly gave their aid.— Mr. James Smith, sen., on driving home on Sunday evening from church, in company with his son and daughter-in-law, drove against a stump in the road, and were thrown out of the trap. Mr. Smith was picked up insensible. Although he end the other occupants of the vehicle received a severe shaking, I am glad to say no one was seriously injured. — The locusts here here In millions.


GOLDEN JUBILEE.

Sat 12 Nov 1927, Observer (Adelaide, SA : 1905 - 1931)

St John's Church, Maitland.

Prior to 1875 the Anglican Church people at Maitland (Y.P.) held services at different homes, including those of Messrs. W. H. Kelly and H. Ward. To meet the needs of the worshippers the church of St. John's was then built, the work being started in 1875 and finished in the following year. The land was given by Mr. S. Rogers, of Ynoo Station. The first churchwardens were Messrs. Frick, Kelly, and Albert Short. The first priest who can be remembered was the Rev. J. Corvan, of Moonta, who held the first service in 1877. The Short family have been connected with the cause throughout. Mr. William Short gave the land upon which the church at Winulta was built. In 1880 the Revs. C. E. Elcum and H. Pollitt visited the district as required, and then the Rev. W. F. Marshall was curate. The first mission priest to reside at Maitland was the Rev. F. Richmond. His home, adjacent to the rectory, in 1882, was the first rectory owned by the diocese. The present rectory was bought from Mrs. Greenback for about £900. Mr. Richmond conducted his last service in June, 1884. The present archdeacon (Ven. A. W. Clampett) paid his first visit to the place in 1888. As a mission priest in those days he travelled nearly all over the peninsula. Then the Rev. C. W. Hawkins was stationed there for five years. Other clergy who assisted with services in the earlier days were Archdeacons Farr and Dove, the Revs. C. G. Taplin, S. French, S. Huison, M. M. Whittan, W. D. Lilburn, B. C Stephenson. M. C. Wood. W. Cook, W. WhitJngton, S. S. Moncrieff, T. Ward, L. P. Crawford, M. L. C. Headlam, J. Benbovr, A. Webb, and A. K_ Chignell. In 1903 the Rev. W. A. Swan was priest in-charge, the Revs. J. T. Huiston. H. F. , E. Wigram, and F. P. Milne following in order. Among the numerous lay helpers the following names appear in the record book of the church:—Messrs. A. Short, W. H. Kelly, F. Unwin, W. Thompson, H. B. Lousada, W. H. Hussey, A. C. Frick, Dr, Elplnck, Mr. Cook, T. Chillingworth, C. W. Wood, W. H. Jefferson, John Chitty, T. Hiley, A. Breynard, F. S. G. James, F. Morton, H. W. Broadstock, H. Darwin, C. C, Neale, A. J. Ward, R. H. Nicholson. L. W. Boyes, R. W. Arrowsmith,.C. K. Butterworth, R. G. Hazel. A. A. Fichtner. A. E. Speera, Philip Maxwell, and C. Firfc. A great deal of care of the early church belonged to Mrs. Cronk, and the Kanaley family took a great interest in its welfare. In the latter days the cause has been helped by members of the Moody, Kelly, Thomas, Baldock. Edwards, and Oatey families. Mr. R. W. Arrowsmith rendered fine service to. the church and Sunday school as organist and lay helper. The Bishop of Adelaide (Right Rev. Dr. Thomas) paid his first visit to the parish in 1908. The Rev. S. T. Strahan took charge of the parish in February, 1911. He was followed by the Rev. H. C. Bourne, in October. 1913. Then followed in succession the Revs. H. E. S. Dyson, R. A. Campbell, 1H. A. Skelton, and the present priest-in-charge (Rev. A. M, Francis) who took charge in July, 1824. The jubilee week of the church will begin on Sunday.


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Congregational Church

Tue 27 Jul 1875, Yorke's Peninsula Advertiser and Miners' and Farmers' Journal (SA : 1875 - 1878)

Our Maitland Letter- July 21st.

I have much pleasure in forwarding the following report of the formal opening services in connection with the Maitland Congregational Church, which is a comfortable iron building, situated on a rise to the north of the township, commanding a fine view of the north westward, and in which services have been regularly conducted for the last two months. On Sunday, the 18th inst., the Rev. W. Wilson, of Kadina, preached in the morning to an appreciative audience, from Matthew chap. 17, verse 4 ; and in the evening from Hosea, chap. 8, verse 1 ; and on Monday, the 19th inst., a tea and public meeting was held. Tea was commenced at about, 4.30 o'clock p.m., to which, not withstanding the very unfavorable state of the weather, upward of 150 persons sat down, and did ample justice to the good things that the ladies had so bountifully provided. Trays were given and presided over by Mesdames P. and J. Howard, Pitcher, and Douglas, assisted by Miss McCauley, Miss Burnett, Miss Pilcher, and Mrs. Tilson. Mrs. Rogers liberally supplied flowers to decorate the tables, &e. The Pastor presided at the public meeting, and read apologies from ministers and friends, who lived at a distance, and were unable to attend. The speakers were the Rev. W. Wilson, Messrs. N. W. Wilson, Thos. McCauley, John Hill, W. Paul, H. R. Adams, H. Pitcher, and P. and J. Howard ; and addresses were also given by Messrs. Hill and Thompson, local representatives of the Church of England. The choir had been practising for some time, and acquitted themselves with great credit. Votes of thanks went passed to the Choir, Ladies, and Contributors, and to the Rev. W. Wilson for his kind and able services ; and a most enjoyable evening was brought to a close before 10 o'clock p.m., by singing the Doxology, and pronouncing the Benediction.

Another correspondent, in his account., adds—" Too much praise cannot be given to the brothers', James and Peter Howard, for their valuable services in leading the choir in the style they did. It was really a treat, to hear Mr. P. Howard's magnificent, voice in the fine pieces selected, and rendered so weII ; and we think that the vote of thanks given to the choir was well merited.

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MAITLAND POST-OFFICE AND TELEGRAPH STATION.

Tue 8 Oct 1878, The Express and Telegraph (Adelaide, SA : 1867 - 1922) Maitland, October 7.

Mrs. Rogers, the oldest lady resident in the district, laid the foundation-stone of the Telegraph and Post-Office this afternoon in the presence of a considerable number of people. A silver trowel and an address were presented to her on behalf of some of the principal inhabitants by Mr. R, Cotterell, J.P. The proceedings were afterwards adjourned to Driscoll's Hotel, where loyal and patriotic toasts were drank, as well as the health of the Postmaster-General and Superintendent of Telegraphs, coupled with the name of the deservedly popular local Telegraph and Postmaster, Mr. Fred. H. Taylor. The healths of Mr. and Mrs. Rogers and the ladies of South Australia were also proposed. The speakers were Messrs. R. Cotterell, Lamshed, Unwin, Lousada, Shannon, and R. Hyde. Mr. Taylor responded to the toast of the Postmaster General.


MAITLAND, March 13.

Wed 19 Mar 1879, South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900)

Our Post and Telegraph Office is now complete, and the workmanship certainly reflects great credit on the contractors, Messrs. Hague and Lake, more especially on account of the difficulties they had to contend against at the commencement of their contract. For the last three months the interests of the Government have been under the immediate superintendence of Mr. Anderson, who has certainly been most assiduous in his attentions. It is a pity, however, that the building is not larger and loftier, as it presents a decidedly cramped appearance ; and if instead of expending a large amount of money in dressing the stone the Government had substituted limestone, for the same money a large and more imposing building could have been built As I have before mentioned, the public accommodation is all that could be desired, although I could suggest that a partition should be placed on the desk in the telegraph lobby for the purpose of privacy— a small thing in itself but apparently overlooked. Mr. Conlon, our new postmaster, takes possession next week I understand.

P.T. Dowleaos arrived here on Monday in charge of the station, so we may now soon look for a Police-Station and Courthouse, both of which are much needed.

The Wheeler Family gave an entertainment here last week, but did not meet with the reception they deserved, as in their particular line they are decidedly clever.

Our dam has just run dry, and if the rain, which as I write is threatening, does not come down it is easy to predict a water famine. Mr. Jeffreys, the contractor for the new dam, is making wonderful progress, and expects to be completed well within contract time.

Our proposed Institute is not yet started, but I would suggest that if on account of the bad harvest we cannot build a permanent building this year, at least we are in a position to start a temporary one. The Committee should bestir themselves in this matter.


POST AND TELEGRAPH OFFICE OPENING.

Tue 8 Apr 1879, Yorke's Peninsula Advertiser (SA : 1878 - 1922)

MAITLAND April 4th. On Wednesday last our new Post and Telegraph Office was opened by Mr. Conlon and his staff. In the evening a few gentlemen met together to inaugurate the event over a glass of wine and a few toasts. The meeting was held at the Maitland Hotel. Mr. H. Lamshed. J. P. presided, and after apologising to Mr. Squires for the small attendance called upon Mr. Rogers to propose the health of the Minister of Education.

MR. ROGERS said he was a great advocate for education himself, although his own has been somewhat neglected. He was sorry that the Minister was not present in person.—(Cheers.)

MR. BRADDOCK then proposed the health of Mr. Todd. He thought that Mr. Todd was one of the best men who ever came to the colony. When he first came out his testimonials were so high that great things were expected of him and he had amply fulfilled those expectations. It gave him peculiar pleasure propose his health.—(Cheers.)

MR. SQUIRES in returning thanks regretted the absence of the Minister and Mr.Todd, but it afforded him much pleasure in endorsing Mr. Braddock's remarks. Mr. Todd was looked up to by every one. His management of the Northern Telegraph Line was a feat in itself, in keeping the various stations supplied with food and water but Mr-Todd had never yet failed.—(Cheers.)

MR. LAMSHED in proposing the guest of the evening, Mr. Squires, said that he knew him to be an experienced officer and one in whom the through confidence both of the department to which he belonged and the public could be placed. He was more than pleased to see him present that evening.—(Cheers )

MR. SQUIRES thanked the Chairman for his kind remarks. He said that at first it was the intention of Mr. Todd to have been present on that occasion, but a business engagement prevented him, so he had deputed him to act in his place. He hoped it would often be his lot to meet the Maitland people, as he always enjoyed coming there. He took it as a kindness asking him to come and begged to propose prosperity and success to Maitland.—(Cheers.)

A vote of thanks to the Chairman by Mr. Lousada brought the proceedings to a close.

Larrikinism seems to be cropping up in Maitland, as on Sunday evening last the congregation in St. John's Church were rather startled at hearing three tolerably large stones rattle on the roof of the Church. Our trooper (fortunately for the larrikins) was away in Adelaide, on duty, otherwise they would, doubtless, have had to give an account of themselves. He has, however, obtained a clue, I believe.

What are we to do if the drought continues much longer ? is the question now asked. A few of our leading farmers with an energy and alacrity, which deserves the thanks of the community, have succeeding in putting the Government well in order, and water for the purpose of watering cattle and horses is, I beleive now obtainable. The weather has been very warm during the last three or four days and at present there is not the slightest sign of a change.

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AN INSTITUTE FOR MAITLAND.

Sat 23 Nov 1878, South Australian Chronicle and Weekly Mail (Adelaide, SA : 1868 - 1881)

A large and influential public meeting was held at Mr. Jas. Driscoll's, Maitland Hotel, on Saturday evening, November 16, for the purpose of considering the desirability of erecting an Institute in the town. Mr. Beney Lamshed, J.P., who occupied the chair, said he understood that two or three allotments were to be offered gratis for an Institute, and although he had his own opinions as to the most suitable one, he would work cheerfully with the majority, whichever block

Mr. Jas. Howard moved — ' That the time has now arrived when an Institute should be built in Maitland.' Mr. F. A. Braddock seconded, and the motion was carried nem. con.

Mr. Saml. Rogers said he had much pleasure in offering allotment No. 76, Robert street, containing half-an acre, for Institute purposes. It was not very centrally situated, but he thought it was quite central enough. If the meeting considered it suitable they were welcome to it, end be would make the necessary arrangements for its transfer to trustees. (Hear, hear.)

Mr. C. D. Likdo, on behalf of Mr. James : Driscoll, said the latter had offered to give part of Lot No. 10 in the centre of the town, opposite the Telegraph and Post Office, and in close proximity to some of the principal buildings in the township. It was only 40 feet by 90. Some might object to its size, but did they want to build a room after the style of the Adelaide Town Hall ? Lot 16 was not sufficiently central, and would only be a convenience to a few interested parties. He wished to study the interests of the public generally. (Hear, hear.)

Mr. S. Roger proposed — 'That Lot 76, Robert-street, be accepted.' Mr. W. H. Kelly seconded. Mr. H. R. Lousada spoke in favor of the motion. It was, he said, a larger block of land than No. 10, and they would be able to sell a portion of it if they thought proper.

Mr. Braddock moved as an amendment— 'That Mr. Driscoll's very generous offer be accepted.' . Lot 10 was the more central and valuable of the two, and it would be well to consider the latter point, as the Government subsidy would be all the greater. The fact of its being next to an hotel was no detriment. It was sufficiently far away from the hotel to prevent unpleasant consequences. Mr. C. D. Lindo seconded the amendment. He said he had been asked by several influential gentlemen to call that meeting. It was well known that Mr. Driscoll had made the first offer of land, and be considered No. 10 was by far the most central. It was worth at least £150.

Mr. Peter Howard, J.P., said Mr. Driscoll's offer was a very generous one, but because it was the first made that was no reason why they should accept it. The Rev. T. E. Thomas spoke in favor of Lot 76. Although it was not as central as No. 10, it was he thought in a very good situation for an Institute, being on the southern hill of the township, and a good building there would look very prominent.

Mr. T. Henwood was in favor of No. 10. Although smaller it was mote central than 76, and the importance of choosing the more valuable block could not be over-estimated, as they would obtain pound for pound from the Government. (Hear, hear.) The motion and amendment were then put by the Chairman, and 21 hands were held up for the motion, and 12 for the amendment. Mr. Braddock. said although the motion had been carried against him he should work just as heartily for an Institute, and he hoped they would sink all party feeling now, and erect the building as soon as possible. (Hear, hear.) The following -Trustees were appointed:— Messrs. H. Lamshed, S. Rogers, F. A. Braddock, Nicholas Thomas, D. A. Flintoff, Peter Howard, Jas. Pearce, W. H. Kelly, W. J. Woods, and Jas. Milhinch. A general Committee of fifteen was also formed, consisting of the nine Trustees, and Messrs. A. Jarrett, H. B. Lousada, E. H. Lebmann, W. J. O'Brien, B. Cornish, and the Rev. T. E. Thomas, with power to add to their number. Hearty votes of thanks were tendered to Messrs. Driscoll and Rogers for their liberal offers of land, and a very orderly meeting concluded with a vote of thanks to the Chairman.


MAITLAND. January 16 1882
The foundation-stone of our local Institute was laid to-day by Mrs. Samuel Rogers, of Ynoo, when a large number of people were present. A silver trowel with a suitable inscription was presented by the committee, and there was an address by Mr. W. H. Hussey. There was a grand procession of Friendly Societies, headed by the Maitland Band. Sports also were held which passed off well. Fifty-six guineas, including a donation of 10 guineas from Messrs. G. & R. Wills, were placed on the stone.


Sat 19 Jan 1882, Wallaroo Times (Port Wallaroo, SA : 1882 - 1888)

The opening ceremonies in connection with the new additions to the Maitland Institute were held on Wednesday last, and passed off very satisfactorily. A procession of the Friendly-Societies and schools, headed by our local band, the trustees, Samuel Rogers (President), and the guests (Messrs Beaglehole, M.P. and S. D. Glyde), marched through the town, and up to the Institute. Here the Institute was declared oped by Mr Beaglehole, when the band struck up God Save the Queen. A goodly number then took their places in the Hall to hear the various addresses.

Mr Samuel Rogers occupied the chair, and was supported by Messrs Beaglehole. S. D. Glyde, the Mayor (J. O. Tiddy), Mr W. H. Hussey (Treasurer), Rev. F. Richmond, Messrs Henry Lamshed and Arthur Short.

The CHAIRMAN, after expressing the honor he felt in the position he then held, introduced Mr Beaglehole.

This gentleman said he was both pleased and surprised to see the beautiful structure that had been erected. He thought how encouraging it must be to the Committee, who no doubt had worked hard. It was not many years since he remembered that part was only a sheep-walk. The thanks of the community, and especially the surrounding district and townships were due to the Committee for this hall. It was nice to have such a building for the purpose of amusements. It had a recommendation to parents, as they could be drawn more together both socially and politically. It had a recommendation to the youths, who could come and spend their leisure time in improving their intellects. He was sorry to say that such like advantages were wanting when he was young. He was proud to belong to a House of Parliament where there were colonial born men such as the Premier and the Attorney-General. The Institute had a recommendation to the children, who came there to listen or to take part in the different amusements that would be held there from time to time. He would appeal to all to try and help the Committee as much as they could.

Mr S. D. GLADE next addressed the assemblage. He said he had always taken a lively interest in Institutes. He was glad to be able to congratulate the people on the fine Institute they had erected. Not only had they striven and succeeded in cultivating the soil but they were not neglectful of the intellectual and higher wants of our nature. The State had done much in the way of schools, but much more had to be learnt after a child left the State schools ; and here the Institutes in a great measure supplied that want. He said it had been stated there is no scope for ambition in this country, but he could see no grounds for any such remark. They did not know what talent there was in a child until it was tested. Carlyle said that most men now-a-days were mostly sound in tongue. The Institutes would help to cure this, for with more rending men would think more and talk less. He hoped to see this country the paradise of both the laborer and the artisan.

Rev. F. RICHMOND next spoke of the various uses to which the hall might be put either for tea meetings, political meetings or concerts. Originally Institute halls were used for lectures, but not for concerts. But, he was sorry to say, that the lectures had become stale. The building is complete for all political, social, and intellectual purposes. It had been much trouble to build the Institute but he fancied it would be more so to make people use it. They had a building worth £2000 and which should bring in a rental of £250 a year. They could hardly look upon it as a success from a business point of view. This citizens' hall should be the centre of all social life. It might be used as a storehouse for out door amusements. In the evenings it could be employed for conversaziones. The bad boys of an English school were mended by such things as the rowing clubs. Their committee should in a somewhat similar way try to encourage the people to meet and enjoy social and intellectual amusements. This moral tonic would be beneficial. The churches, which at present were the active social forces, might well assist the committee to weld into one people. Separation meant weakness, and sourness. United they might do more good. What were they afraid of ?

Mr W. H. HUSSEY (Vice President and Treasurer) next spoke and supplied the financial statement. He had to report progress all along-- Cost of Hall, £1,150 ; Additions, £765; Extra Furniture, £35; Piano, Chairs, Lamps, Scenery Curtains &c, £300-Total, £2,250. The revenue was-Public Subscriptions, £453; Entertainments, £234; Promises, £25; Government Subsidy, £657; Ditto. now; due, £55; Special grant from Institute, £247-Total. £1671. Debt now on Institute, £579. He stated that they had spent £80 in books, increasing the supply from 40 to 40 volumes. This with other agencies, had led to an increase in members from 25 to 90. He regretted to say the reading room was not patronised as it ought to be. In addition to the amounts be bad mentioned as having been received they had obtained a supply of scenery and private donations amounting to £35, including gifts as follows:- Mr Beaglehole, £5 5s; Mr S. D. Glyde, £3 3s; and Mr Rogers. £5.

Mr LAMSHED proposed a vote of thanks to Mr Beaglehole for his kindness in coming to honor the opening of the Institute. He coupled with his name that of Mr S. D. Glyde, a gentleman he hoped to see offering himself as their representative shortly.

Mr BEAGLEHOLE responded and proposed a rote of thanks to the. Chairman.

In the evening there was a very successful concert, at which Mr Beaglehole presided. It might almost be called a Moonta and Kadina concert given at Maitland, as most of the talent came from those towns. The piano solos by Misses Vicary and Maloney were nicely executed. The Misses Maloney were the only soloists. The younger lady received a hearty encore. The Moonta String Band was highly appreciated and was a new feature in Maitland concerts. The Glee Club rendered some good music. Miss E. Seller had a deafening encore for her rendering of " Mary Queen of Scots." Mr Hussey crave " The Charge of the Light Brigade" in a splendid manner. Mr T. J. Price in his comic characters fairly brought the house down. The singing of the National Anthem brought the meeting to a close. The proceeds must have amounted to £25, as fully 600 persons were present. A display of fire-works was made outside after the dispersal of the audience;. A number of young people stayed to enjoy a dance.


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The Union Bank of Australia - State Library of South Australia - B 59781/6

Sat 18 Aug 1894, The Kadina and Wallaroo Times (SA : 1888 - 1954)

MAITLAND. August 16.

A banquet was given to Mr W. B. Hussey, Manager of the Union Bank, Maitland on Tuesday evening, August 14, in the Maitland Hotel. Mrs Evans spared neither time nor money in making the banquet worthy of Maitland. His Worship the Mayor presided, and in all 60 residents from various parts of the district attended. After the tables had been cleared His Worship explained that the object of the gathering was to bid good-by to Mr Hussey, who had occupied the position of Bank Manager in their district for over 14 years. He read a number of apologies from customers of the Bank, all wishing: Mr and Mrs Hussey godspeed. After the loyal toasts had been honoured, Mr H. Lamshed, J. P., proposed " The Ministry and Parliament" in flattering terms. Mr J. Malcolm, J.P., of Wallaroo, responded, and felt sure the present Government would feel sorry Mr Lamshed was not in the House, be being such ardent admirer. " The Agricultural, Pastoral, and Mining Interests" was proposed by Mr C. C. Thomas, of Ardrossan,; and responded to by Mr R. A. Montgomery. The Mayor proposed in complimentary terms " the Health of Mr W. Hussey," and presented the gentleman with the following address :—To Mr. Hussey. Esq. Dear Sir—On the occasion of your departure from Maitland and district after a residence of 14 years we beg you to accept this address as a token of the esteem and regard in which you are held. As Manager of the Bank of South Australia for 11 years and Union Bank for 2.5 years, and as President of the Institute for 11 years you have, ever endeavoured to carry out your duties to the satisfaction of the community, and with credit to yourself. Wishing you every success in all your undertakings, and praying the divine blessing may rest on you and yours.—We are &c." : Signed by over 50 residents. .Messrs Shannon, Lamshed, Bowman, O'Brien, Dr Elphick, Malcolm, Venning, Thomas, Gurr, Whitaker, Montgomery, Brenard, Jarrett, and Pearce endorsed" the remarks of the Mayor, and spoke of the ability displayed by Mr Hussey as Manager of the Bank.

Mr Husset responded in feeling terms, and thanked them for the address, which be felt he did not deserve having only done his duty. He was pleased that his humble services in matters outside the Bank had given satisfaction. Of course, in the Bank his first "duty was" to his employers, and while faithfully conserving their interests he had endeavoured to do his duty to the customers. He hoped the cloud of depression, now resting on our fair land would, soon rise, and that true prosperity might-again, be the order of the day. He again thanked them for their kindness. Mr H. Lamshed proposed " the health of Mr Jefferson' (Mr Hussey's successor)," and gave that gentleman a cordial welcome to Maitland. Mr Jefferson responded, Other toasts followed, and during the evening several songs and recitations were rendered by Messrs Nairn, : Bairnsfather, Shannon, Thomas, and others, and a very pleasant evening was closed by all uniting and singing the National Anthem. "

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The National Bank of Australia - State Library of South Australia - B 59781/7


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1948 Maitland Primary School. T. Greenslade, L. Coch, R. Smith, K. Illman.


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G. Krollig, G, Eastway, G, Dutscke, B. Winton, G. Duke, K. Illman, D. Hill, G. Ottaway, Noel Weisner. 1952 Maitland Secondary School.


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1947 Maitland Primary. G. Wakefield, B. Greenslade, Kennedy.


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N. Hunkin (teacher)


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R. Dutscke, B. Simmonds, C. Sandicoch, B. Hamilton, T. Geenslade, M. Hill, J. Lehmann, E. Luscombe, H. Davey, B. Sutton.


Photos

THE TOWN OF MAITLAND, YORKE'S PENINSULA. Sat 13 Jan 1906, Observer (Adelaide, SA : 1905 - 1931)

MAITLAND: GEM OF PENINSULA WHEAT BELT. Thu 8 Sep 1932, Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1895 - 1954)


ESSAY. A TOWN I HAVE VISITED. MAITLAND, VORKE'S PENINSULA.

Sat 13 Nov 1920, West Coast Sentinel (Streaky Bay, SA : 1912 - 1954)

Maitland is a very pretty town, situated on a rise, with sugar-gums planted on all sides. It has metal roads and most, of the footpaths are paved. There are some very nice buildings in Maitland. The chief ones are an hospital an institute with a library and lodge rooms, as well as a few other rooms attached to it. There are four churches, Congregational, Methodist, Church of England, and Roman Catholic, several general stores, two hotels, both have upstairs and balconies, a nice post office which is a beautiful building with letter boxes, and telephone connected to nearly all the houses in both the town and district, and also to Adelaide : a baker's shop, two butchers' shops, several green-grocers, three blacksmith's shops, two carpenter's shops, a council chamber, police station, and court house, several tinsmiths, two motor garages, one of which has an electric light plant to light up the town at night. There is also a printing office, a public school, two banks, a masonic hall, a chemist's shop, and several other business places, such as tailors, hairdressers, and saddler's shops, a nice show ground with a pavilion that has a balcony to is for the band to play in on special occasions. They also have grounds for cricket, football, tennis, and golf. I am sure everybody that has visited Maitland will say it is a very pretty little township. It is quite a business place, and has some lovely dwelling houses in it. This is all I can think of about Maitland.

Leonard Collins.


SOTHERN YORKE'S PENINSULA,

Thu 19 Mar 1874, South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900)

YORKE VALLEY. By our Special Corresnondent.

To above designation may appear somewhancongruous in describing the following place but it was used in the first instance, and still continued, in contradistinction from the Wallaroo district, which is usually undrstood by the term Yorke's Peninsula alone.

By this name is known a tract of country included within the Hundreds of Maitland and Kilkerran, the former being the name also the township which has been laid out in a central position about midway between the coasts of Spencer's and St. Vincent's Gulf. The surrounding country consists of not one, but a number of valleys and hills. The soil is of a rich Bay of Biscay charter, equal, I should say, in quality to any the colony. There were about 1,800 acres in crop last year, and the average yield will probably be from fourteen to fifteen bushels per acre. Already a number of settlers have built themselves stone cottages, although they have had but one season the land, and there is a large quantity of fallowing done for next season. The land is timbered in belts and patches with heavy mallee scrub, but a great portion of it which is taken up was free from that obstruction. The work of breaking up the virgin soil is formidable enough nevertheless, the wavy black grass rendering it impossible to work a single plough with less than four good horses. What is known among the Farmers as ' black grass' will be better understood by the uninitiated if I state that it is a kind of flat rush which shows in clumps or tussocks, the rootlets of which are so tough that when a strong team of horses are at work the plough coming in contact with an extra heavy clump is sometimes literally torn asunder. This must be something like the breaking up of the American prairle, which is generally performed for the settlers at so much per acre by men who make it their special business, and have teams and implements suitable for the purpose. The Produce of last year over and above that required for seed has been mostly shipped to Parara, which is distant from 15 to 20 miles, the length depending upon the part of the area from which the wheat has to get and there being only one track through the mallee scrub, and that is the old one from Mr. Kogers's station at the south end of the valley. A direct road has been surveyed from Maitland Township to Ardrossan on the coast, the length of which is 13.5 miles. This is now being cleared, as being at present dense mallee scrub it is totally if valuable. Some of the farmers on the nonthern part of the Valley have taken their wheat to Moonta, a distance from 25 to 30 miles, and it is probable there will always be a portion of the produce that will find its way to that market. Oakdene, the head stion of Mr. Samuel Rogers, J.P., is in a somewhat central position in the main valley, and on either side of it are two wells 150 and 160 feet deep respectively. One of these has been reserved on the guarantee of several of the setttlers to maintain it in good order. It is not being worked by horse-power night and day for which the settlers pay £4 10s. per week. A great number of cattle are watered there at every day, and the well is sometimes dried ; but the springs are so strong that after a very short stoppage the pumping can be resumed. For drinking water most of the settlers go to Point Pierce, a distance of some 10 miles and more, where they obtain good fresh water from shallow wells in the sand. They hope, however, next year to store a sufficient supply from the rain in the tanks and dams which they are constructing. The subsoil is of such a nature that in most places merely scooping out wateholes is sufficient. There are men who do this work, having the necesaary appliances, at 7.5d. per cubic yard, and but for the difficulty and expense in obtaining horsefeed it would be done at a considerably lower rate. A number of very large reservoirs are being and have been taken out for Mr. Rogers, who has recently begun farming on a considerable scale, and has erected a very fine stable about 50 yards long, roofed with galvanised iron. Excellent straight posts for sheds well as fences are obtained from the mallee in the neighbourhood. At Oakdene there were geraniums and other fowers, both in pots and in beds, that would do credit to an Adelaide garden; but very little had been accomplished in horticulture. Several of the settlers have planted fruit trees, and believe that they will do well. The township of Maitland contains two smithies, and a store in full operation, an hotel built but not yet opened, a butcher's allotment, and one or two private cottages. There is some very good land to the south of that already occupied. I believe it is surveyed, and many friends of settlers are anxiously awaiting its being thrown open. In other directions there is some second if not first class agricultural land which will sooner or later have to be surveyed. The next place I visited was


MAITLAND, A BRIEF OUTLINE OF ITS HISTORY.

Sat 16 Nov 1878, South Australian Chronicle and Weekly Mail (Adelaide, SA : 1868 - 1881)

November 6. As some of your readers may be unacquainted with the position and status of our little town a brief outline of his history may not be unacceptable. Though unlike its namesake in New South Wales, which can boast of its population in thousands, the inhabitants feel justly proud of the progress the district has made since it was opened up some five years since. At that time the land lying between Moonta and Yorketown, a distance of 80 miles, was little more than a trackless waste, dotted here and there by shepherds' huts, but there are now hundreds of smiling homesteads, busy townships,and a population which can be numbered by hundreds: The part known as Yorke Valley, where Maitland stands, is by far the most fertile and pleasing in appearance. Maitland is situated 22 miles south of Moonta, just about half-way between St. Vincent's and Spencer's Gulfs, the distance from one to the other being, about 30 miles, so that there is always a sea breeze, which, makes, the climate particularly healthy and invigorating. The Hundreds of Maitland and Kilkerran (adjoining) contain some 200 square miles mostly taken up by farmers. Of this large tract of land some 30,000 acres, are actually under the plough ; so that this season, with, say, a low average of 10 bushels to the acre (at present it looks like 12 or 13), 300,000 bushels, of wheat will be shipped at our two ports, Ardrossan and Wauraltie, which lie to the east and west respectively. The wonder to many is that with such prospects before us there is not a miller with sufficient enterprise to start a mill here. Water of sufficiently good quality could be obtained, it is believed, for milling purposes. The township has made rapid strides since it was sold five years ago. The best allotments were disposed of for sums of from £10 to £20, and some of these have since changed hands at ten times their cost. — We have five, large substantial general stores, two handsome hotels, a very fine branch of the Bank of South Australia, and various tradesmen. — Telegraphic communication was opened 18 months since, and the Telegraph Department is now building premises containing three rooms and an office. This building is intended for a married man and family, but how he is to stow away the latter in three rooms is a mystery. — We can also boast of a school and teacher's residence. The, former, however, is too small, there being only accommodation for 60 children, whereas there are at least double the number of a school going age. — Great inconvenience is felt from the want of a Court-House and Police Station, the nearest one being at Moonta. What is still worse there is no trooper stationed between Yorketown and Moonta. Surely, with a population of 1,500 souls, residing in and around Maitland, we have a good claim for police protection. A trooper from Moonta has to come down frequently two or three times a week. — The religious wants of the community are well represented, there being no less than four churches in the township, viz., the Church of England, Roman Catholic, Wesleyan, and Independent, and a Lutheran, Church in the Hundred of Kilkerran, which is mostly populated by Germans.— Branches of the Manchester Order of Oddfellows, Foresters, Rechabites, and Hibernian Australasian Catholic Benefit Society have been formed, numbering in all about 40 members. There is a fine opening for a steady duly qualified medical man.— An Agricultural, Horticultural, and Floricultural Society has just been formed, and its first show proved a great success, there being some £80 left for next year's show, after paying away over £100 in prize?,— The inhabitants are now bestirring themselves in the matter of an Institute, and Mr. James Driscoll, of the Maitland Hotel, has generously offered to give a piece of land of that purpose. A railway from here to Ardrossan (15 miles) it is believed would prove a paying concern, and would be the pleasantest and shortest possible route from Adelaide to Moonta.— Probably 200,000 bushels of wheat will be shipped from Port Ardrossan this season, and the passenger traffic is considerable, the steamer Wakefield frequently taking to and fro between twenty and thirty passengers, and this number would no doubt he largely increased were railway facilities afforded, as it would bring Moonta within eight hours of the metropolis, viz, four hours' sail from Port Adelaide to Ardrossan, one hour by rail to Maitland, and three from thence by coach to Moonta. — The athletic sports held here last Wednesday proved a great success, thanks to the energetic Secretary, Mr. J. J. Thomas, and the Committee, Messrs. W. F. Thompson, F. H. Taylor, and Albert Short. These gentlemen acted wisely in the selection of the grounds on the North-East Park Lands. There was a large attendance, and the sports were pretty well contested ; the principal prize-takers being Messrs. Jas. Lowe, J. and R. Barry, Edward Short, and E. Wolfe. T. H. Francis won the mile walking match in 8 minutes 13 seconds. The rousing long jump by Edward Short, 19 feet 3 inches, was, I believe, the longest ever made at sports out of Adelaide. An entertainment took place in the evening in connection with the sports in the Assembly room of Driscoll's Hotel. About 200 people were present. Mr. F. A. Braddock occupied the chair, and the following ladies and gentlemen contributed to the programme :— Mrs. Gardner, the Misses Strangways and Rogers (2), and Messrs. H. B. Tousada, W. Roe, and others. The laughable farce, " Mr. Johnson in Want," in which Messrs. J. J. Thomas, J. Martin, and J. Symons took part, concluded a pleasant evenIng amusement. During the interval Mrs. S. Rogers distributed the prizes to the successful competitors. — On Sunday and Monday last anniversary services in connection with the Congregational Church took place. Mr. W. R. Bayly, of the Kadina Grammar School, preached excellent and eloquent sermons to crowded congregations. The usual tea was held on the Monday, followed by a public meeting. At the latter the Rev. R. G. Bayly, pastor of the Church, Messrs. Jno. Hill, jun., T. McCauley, B. Cornish, H. R. Adams, and W. R. Bayly spoke, and the choir sang some anthems. The total proceeds amounted to £13, and £30 were promised towards the reduction of the debt on the minister's residence.


YORKE S PENINSULA.

Sat 14 May 1904, Adelaide Observer (SA : 1843 - 1904) Trove

[IV.—By a Travelling Correspondent.]

The distance from Urania to Maitland, 10 miles, is soon covered on the main road, through undulating country of good quality apparently where clearing has been systematically carried out. Strips of stunted mallee can be seen to the right, but every acre is occupied, and before many years elapse wheat-growing should be in operation from Spencer's to St. Vincent's Gulfs. Much of the land is heavily encumbered with limestone, which seriously increases the labour and expense of preparing the soil for cultivation. That good results can be secured there is little doubt, so long as judicious manuring and fallowing are adopted. There is ample proof alone in the enhanced values of property throughout the Peninsula, while sections are eagerly snapped up by vigilant watchers for the golden opportunities of life. Every mile of this road increases in elevation until Yorke Valley is reached, where the altitude is stated to be true highest on the Peninsula.

—Maitland —

The town which is known as Maitland is built on undulating country, thus assuring good drainage, and, if required, excellent facilities for conserving water. So far as rainfall is concerned, the townsfolk have nothing to complain of. This is probably the wettest spot on Yorke's Peninsula, consequently agriculturists are well served with splendid crops. Maitland does not claim any greater distinction than that of being a thriving wheatgrowing district, but, in common with one or two other Peninsula towns, it dearly loves a Mayor. A dual control of district affairs is now the ruling state of Maitland and surrounding country, which is situated in the County of Fergusson, about 27 and a half miles south of Moonta, and 14 miles from Ardrossan. The executive officials of the corporation are:— Mr. Shannon, M.P. (Mayor), Crs. H. Bowden, F. J. Greenbank, J. Tiddy, jun., and W. Noble. The clerk is Mr. T. Hiely. The district council is comprised of the following gentlemen:—Messrs. C. Cane (Chairman), W. Endersby, E. Fox, C. B. Hastings, J. Hill, jun., W. Kanally, H. Lamshed, R. M. Montgomery, J. N. Smith, and J. H. Ware; Mr, F. J. Greenbank is clerk, a position which embraces many minor duties. Mr. H. J. Tossell is the overseer of works for an area of 29 x 27 miles. The lost assessment amounted to £12,595, which is met by the imposition of a 9d. tax. The gross receipts from this source are £472.6/5. So much for the municipal bodies, whose business is conducted in a spirit of amity and enthusiasm by the gentlemen referred to.

—Some Institutions.—

The various religious denominations are well represented. The institute is a commodious building, conducted by the Rev. T. S. Williams (hon. secretary) and Mr. L. J. Broadbent (hon. librarian). Sir. W. Taylor manages the local office of the Union Bank of Australia; Mr. W. H. Gratwick is post and telegraph master; Mr. P. M. Ryan presides at the state school; and Trooper Watson is now in charge of the police department, in succession to M.C. Hillier, transferred. Drs. J. Nicholls and Corr are the resident medical men; while commerce is adequately represented by Messrs. J. O. Tiddy, A. Whitelaw, W. Mullner, and Millhinch Brothers, general storekeepers; W. Oatey and J. Thomas, butchers; J. T. King and W. Schwartz, saddlers; D. P. Breynard and Klopp, carpenters; A. Forbes, ironworker, &c.; E. Major and W. Noble, blacksmiths—(this business has been established only about 12 months. The proprietor was formerly connected with Major & Sons, of Moonta. The present complement of employes is 16, with prospects of an early increase)—and, J. S. McLeod (Maitland) and C. A. Campbell (Yorke valley), hotel keepers. Past results and future prospects are of a satisfactory nature.


CENTRAL YORKES PENINSULA -MAITLAND -THE MOTORING TOWN
Tue 6 Jul 1926, The Register (Adelaide, SA : 1901 - 1929)

High-Priced land up-to-date Farmers - Good Harvests

YORKE'S PENINSULA is the only thickly populated area in South Australia which lacks railway facilities for trucking away its farm and mineral products to the seaboard. Maitiand residents have been agitating for railway communication for many years without success. The Railway Standing Committee has on several occasions considered the advisableness of contracting a railway line from Paskeville or Thrington) to Maitland, and some two years ago submitted a report to Parliament in favour of its construction. The products of the district to be served by the proposed railway now find their way by motor lorries or wagons to the seaboard at Ardrossan, Port Victoria, Balgowan, Port Clinton, Pine Point, and Port Price. The agriculturists, along the backbone of the peninsula are greatly handicapped in having to cart their grain up to a distance of 20 miles to a seaport. The railway, if constructed, would command the production of wheat and barley for a reasonable distance from its route. The diversion of these products to the railway would result in considerable loss to the Harbours Board at the ports mentioned, although this loss would be regained at Wallaroo, from which port most of the products would be shipped. The production area which would be served by the railway is some 40 miles in length, and reaches nearly from gulf to gulf. During the past five years this district has produced an estimated yearly average of 8,000 tons of barley, most of which would be carted to the railway in preference, to the ports. It comprises the best parts of the Counties of Daly and Fergusson, perhaps the most prolific grain-producing counties in the State. As an instance, the Hundred of Maitland for the past five years has averaged over 21 bushels of wheat per acre. A similar average in barley has been, obtained in the Hundreds of Maitiand and Kilkerran, while other hundreds in the locality have shown almost equally good results. The construction of the railway to Maitiand, it is surmised, would not cause very much increased-production in the locality. Farmers are now occupied for a considerable period each season in carting their produce to a coastal port. Upon the advent of a railway line, however this time would be more profitably spent in productive labour on the farm, and thus in an indirect way the State would benefit. Seeing that the district is already well developed, and that the community is a prosperous one, the proposed line must be regarded as one of convenience rather than one of development; but it is one that (in the opinion of people who know the district well) ought to be constructed. It is estimated that the cost of the proposed railway would be in the region of £250,000. The Yorke's Peninsula Railway League was formed, 11 years ago, with a view to forwarding, the construction of the railway to Maitiand. Branches of the league are represented at Maitiand, Paskeville, Wallaroo, Clinton Centre, and Arthurton, from which centres delegates are chosen to represent their, own towns whenever meetings are held at Arthurton. The President and secretary, are Messrs.. J. S. Honner and R. W. Arrowsmith. respectively. A deputation waited upon the Premier (Hon. J. Gunn) on April 13 last in regard to the construction of the railway. He was. also approached a little later by another deputation which asked that a deep-sea jetty might be built at Port Victoria. He stated that the Government could not construct both of these big works immediately, but would certainly do its utmost to provide one or the other. Maitiand residents are of the opinion that a deep-sea jetty at Port Victoria would serve, only a small, community living, in that locality, whereas the railway to Maitiand would serve the whole of central Yorke's Peninsula. It's understood that the Railway Standing Committee, however, is shortly to visit the district for the purpose of examining matters in connection with the two projects.

Maitiand residents are agitating for a water supply from the Warren Reservoir. The Hydraulic Engineer (Mr. H. E. Bellamy) recently paid a visit of inspection to the town and district, and great hopes are entertained by residents that water will shortly be laid on.

Farmers Generally Prosperous.

Farmers generally in the Maitiand , district are prosperous, more so perhaps, than in any other district in South Australia. The ease with which barley and wheat can be grown no doubt accounts to a great extent for the wealth in the locality, and also for the particularly fine homesteads noticeable everywhere. Many of these homes possess electric light and power plants, and wireless sets, these being regarded by the more prosperous farmers as a necessity. Among some of the most up-to-date homesteads are thoss of Messrs. F. E. Gersch, G. Heinrich (Kilkerran), S. and F. Greenslade (both of Urania), E. P. Moloney, G. L. Greenslade, and J. Francis & Son. The cattle and sheep industry is much handicapped in not having proper facilities for forwarding stock to the Abattoirs market. At the present time it is necessary to ship the stock from Ardrossan by steamer, or travel same up to a distance of 30 miles to Paskeville by road. During the past few years the number of sheep-owners in the district has increased, as competent farmers are realizing the impossibility of carrying on mixed farming without the aid of sheep. Maitland farmers have for a long time held the reputation for being progressive. Up-to-date methods of farming are adopted in most cases, and a good class of motor car is noticeable everywhere. As an example of the power of farming methods in use, Mr. F. W. Koch, jun., of Kilkerran (with a farm of 1,200 acres), does not use a horse on his property. He uses a tractor for heavy work, such as ploughing, cultivating, and drilling a motor-driven Sunshine header for reaping, a five-ton motor lorry for carting his own and his neighbours grain to the seaboard, a light lorry for use in the field — conveying superphosphate and seed wheat to his implements, and a motor car for travelling purposes. Great development is taking place in the country in the vicinity of Sandilands, and averages of from 9 to 10 bags of wheat per acre are being grown in this area. Land values in the Maitiand district are very high. Just recently Mr. H. G. Tossell, M.P., sold- a farm property of some 1,100 acres three miles in a southerly direction from Maitiand, to Messrs. F. G. and W. Lamshed at £29 17/6 per acre, this being one of the best prices yet received for a large holding in this locality. The present season, from an agricultural and pastoral viewpoint, promises to be a prolific one, as rain has fallen at an opportune time. Farmers have nearly completed seeding operations. Feed is everywhere abundant. The Maitland A.H. and F. Society was established in 1878. since which time it has continued to flourish with each succeeding year. The last annual show meeting, held on October 21, 1925, was a record one in many ways. The gate takings increased from £335 10/ in the previous year, to £415 17/, the entries numbered 2,135, and motor cars presernt totalled 1,150. The President and Secretary of the society are Messrs. J. O. Tiddy and A. E. Speers respectively. Tractors have gained the confidence of agriculturists in the districts surrounding Maitland, and they are in general use throughout this area, although it is generally contended that they will never altogether displace horses. The latest type of tractor introduced to the locality is the Vickers-Aussie, for which Messrs. J. O. Tiddy & Co. are the local agents. One of Maitland's tractor agents (Mr. L. M. Gilbert) states that within a 15-mile radius of the town, more than 100 tractors are now operating. Twin-City, Case, and Holt Caterpillar are the most popular makes in the district.

Maitiand District.

Maitiand district has five wards, namely, Muloowurtie, Maitiand, Kilkerran, Cunningham, and Wauraltee, the largest towns in this area being Maitiand, Ardrossan, Port Victoria, Urania, Balgowan, and Muloowurtie.

The members of the district council as at present constituted— under the able chairmanship, of Mr. C. B. Hasting— are showing themselves fully alive to the needs of the district in regard to the provision of transport facilities. The district council has a very efficient overseer of works in Mr. R. S. Kennedy, to judge by the roads in the locality. Within the district there are 650 miles of roads, including 99 miles of good main roads. The district council recently purchased a seven-ton road roller — constructed by Messrs. May & Sons, of Wallaroo— which is continually in use. It is drawn by a Holt five-ton tractor, which has also just been purchased for the same purpose. The council area is 600 square miles in extent, while its total district population amounts to over 3,400 people. The Yorke Valley begins just a little to the northeast of Maitiand, and extends in a southern direction for some 12 miles toward Urania. From the Maitland golf links a fine view of the valley can be obtained, showing solid homesteads, surrounded by green wheat-fields and fallow land. This was at one time covered with scrub, but was long ago cleared and cultivated, and in the season is now a fertile basin, of waving wheat and barley land.

Motoring Topic.

Maitiand district is understood to have more motor cars per head of population than any other district in Australia. Practically every farmer in the district has one, two, or even three, cars. Such a position has been forced upon residents chiefly because of the lack of railway communication. There are many who remember when the journey from Maitiand to Adelaide was quite an undertaking. The advent of motor transport has worked wonders in the district since that time, however, and the disadvantages of being without a railway system (except for heavy loading) are disappearing. To-day Yorketown, Minlaton, and Maitiand are within easy travelling distance of the necropolis, as there are now two daily motor services from Adelaide to Yorke's Peninsula towns, as well as the railway bus service between Yorketown and Paskeville, which commenced to run in January last. During the winter months Studebaker cars (Pope's service) will leave Crabb's Hotel, Maitiand, daily, at 8 a.m., and No. 9 Currie street, Adelaide, at 9 am., travelling in both instances via Ardrossan.

The firm of Messrs. Bastin and Mitchell commenced its regular service between Adelaide and Maitiand in January, 1924. At first the service was a bi-weekly one, although this was increased to four times weekly, while to-day (in conjunction with Mr. C. Todd), 11 trips are made in a normal week. At holiday time this number is considerably increased. In addition to the ordinary daily service, the cars travel through to Yorketown four times weekly. Cars leave Yorketown on on Monday, Wednesday, Friday,and and Saturday for Adelaide, and daily from Maitland. The inauguration and maintenance or these services, have, been a great boon to peninsula residents.

There are numerous wireless enthusiasts in Maitiand, and the demand for receiving sets is gradually improving. A radio store was opened a few weeks ago in the main street by Mr. R. Stephens (a former manager of Andrews Radio Store, Adelaide), who reports a number of sales already. The best type of wireless set is being installed by many of the leading farmers of the district, and good results are being obtained from Adelaide and interstate broadcasting stations. An electric light and power-plant was installed at Maitiand in 1917. The current now generated supplies 140 consumers for power and light with a continuous service. The streets are lit with 22 powerful street lights, and the whole service is very satisfactory.. The present proprietor of the electric light scheme is Mr. George Rinder, who took, over the business in 1922. He is also the proprietor of an up-to-date garage fitted with modern plant, and employs a staff of five motor and tractor experts. Mr. C. E. H. Stone, local, agent, for the International Harvester Company, reports sales of farm implements and machinery for the past 12 months of over £5,000.

The Town Beautiful.

Maitiand is an attractive township with spacious streets and well-made footpaths, which have been considerably improved by the forethought of residents in the planting of ornamental trees. The streets are laid out in square formation, while the town is surrounded by four terraces which are again surrounded by some 250 acres of park lands. Quite a number of substantial bungalows and villas have been erected in the town during the past year, some of these belonging to retired farmers. The last census returns show that the town itself has a population of 480 people. A number of suburban blocks of land have recently been sold, as building blocks in the town are becoming scarce and expensive. As an instance of this, is a block with 40 ft. frontage in Robert street was sold a few months ago for £360 (being £9 per foot). A fine billiard saloon has since then been built on the spot (with three large billiard tables) One local agent stated that he sold three suburban blocks during the month of June at Maitiand Park.

Maitiand Public Hospital, situated at the northern end of the town, is well equipped with X-ray plant, 'Motostatt' apparatus for electrical treatment, operating theatre, and good nurses quarters (in a separate building). A new surgical block is now being erected, which when fully equipped will cost over £3,500. The local medical officer is Dr. A. R. Fletcher.

The Maitiand Soldiers' Memorial, situated at the north end of the main street, close to the recreation reserve, is perhaps the most unique memorial of its kind in South Australia. The memorial, built of blue Macclesfield marble and finely dressed freestone, with a marble stairway, is a fitting memorial to perpetuate the memory of the 110 soldiers of Maitiand who served in the Great War. Sir William Sowden, who visited Maitiand some three years ago, is stated to have said that he considered this memorial to be one of the finest and best that he had seen in Australasia.

The Maitiand Recreation and Show-ground is the most up-to-date of its kind on Yorke's Peninsula. The oval itself is enclosed by a picket fence, while surrounding the grounds grounds is a substantial galvanized iron fence. The pavilion and luncheon booth are both commodious buildings.

Football and cricket are keenly entered into on these grounds in the seasons.

The Ladies Croquet Club has progressed wonderfully of late. In the park lands it has two first-class courts, together with a pavilion (erected last year by two husbands of two of the lady members). The courts are surrounded by shrubs and trees, which promise to make it one of the beauty spots of the town.

Golf is a popular pastime at the present time at Maitiand, and (both men and women) can be seen every afternoon out on the links. The Maitiand Golf Club, which has been in existence for 12 years, today has a membership of 40 active players. It is at the present time under the presidency of Dr. A. R. Fletcher, an enthusiastic and skilful, golfer. Gilbert's Pictures are held every Saturday evening in the Maitland Institute. Mr. P. Harmer (a former manager of United Artists) is in charge of the show, and with his wide experience the best and latest screenings are offered. Early releases of good pictures from Adelaide have been responsible for good attendances. The firm is at the present time installing 50 tip-up theatre chairs for the use of its patrons in the hall.

A Business Centre.

Maitiand, being the centre of a prosperous district, is necessarily a busy business town, and can boast of a large number of business premises, most of which appear to be progressive. The town has two commodious hotels three modern garages, banks, churches, and numerous other public buildings and businesses, conspicuous among the latter being the well-known stores of Messrs. J. O. Tiddy and Co., Limited, and W. S. Harris. Owing to the increasing number of travellers at Maitiand, 10 new single bedrooms have recently been added to the Yorke Valley Hotel, which can now boast of 22 bedrooms, upstairs lavatories, and electric light have also been provided.

For many years there has been a vacant block of land adjacent to the Union Bank premises in Elizabeth street, on which has now been built well-appointed shops. These contain a bakery, fruit and confectionery business together with an uptodate soda fountain. The proprietors (Messrs. Bowman &, Klaffer) propose to further extend their business to include a grocery department, and additions and alterations are now well in hand.

The progressive firm of Messrs. Harris Brothers was established just 20 years ago at Maitiand, and since then the progress of the district has been considerably forwarded by the firm, which caters for the machinery, vehicle, and engineering trades. It has further launched out in the motor business, and its name is frequently seen on motor lorry bodies and trailers. The firm's patented tipping trailer, for tractors and motor lorries, will make a considerable reduction in the cost of road-making and general contracting.


TOWNS, PEOPLE, AND THINGS WE OUGHT TO KNOW.

Thu 8 Sep 1932, Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1895 - 1954)

Maitland: Gem Of The Peninsula Wheatbelt How Despised Country Came Into Its Own.

BY OUR SPECIAL REPRESENTATIVE No. XIII.

Maitland is an example of an old-old agricultural story — the land which was deemed good failed after a course of years to come up to expectations, and the despised broom bush country, which nobody would take as a gift, proved its superiority. Then, of course, everybody wanted it.

When you get down to Maitland you are liable to mix your historical localities rather badly. That is inevitable, because in the early days one or two families owned practically the whole of the peninsula.Thus if you write of the Rogers family you come up against it in Maitland, you rub shoulders with it again in Minlaton, and, unless you take special care to avoid it, you are liable to bump into it again in Yorketown, or even at the extreme end of the "toe" at Cape Spencer. The former Auditor general of the State, Mr. W. E. Rogers, is a descendant of this pioneer family. As I have got to tell its story, I might as well do so here. If you should encounter it again in later articles you will remember that its holdings were so large that several towns are now located on what was formerly the Rogers country.

It is curious how extensive are the ramifications of family history. I am about to give you the story of Maitland, but to do so it is necessary to take you back to the city, where the Rogers family had their first pastoral property close to Adelaide.

The original Rogers was William, and his wife, Ann. They came to South Australia in 1839. Their first property was close to Burnside. They called it Tusmore, after their home in England. Today it is an important eastern suburb. Cattle and sheep browsed over the country, which is now dotted with handsome villas and elaborate bungalows. William Rogers died, and was buried in the churchyard of St. Matthews, in Kensington. It was then that his widow, who seems to have been an excellent business woman, extended the family interests to Yorke's Peninsula. She was assisted by two sons, Walter and Samuel. Here is a list of the peninsula holdings of the Rogers family: — Corny Point, Carrabie, Warrenben, Para Wurlie, White Hut, Weetulta, Yorke Valley, Whitwarta, Kulpara, and Clinton, and later Oyster Bay (Weaver's former property) and another slice of Yorke Valley. I am not sure that this list is complete. But it is sufficiently extensive to justify my claim that the family held practically the whole of the southern portion of the peninsula. In addition, Samuel Rogers owned Urania and Ynoo, close to what is now Maitland.

I had not been half an hour in Maitland before I heard of Samuel Rogers. The town is portion of his former run, and the streets commemorate the family. These are Rogers terrace, which honors the family in general; Samuel street, after the owner of Ynoo; Elizabeth street, after Elizabeth Rogers; Alice street, after Mrs. Alice Gardiner, the old pastoralist's sister-in-law; Gardiner terrace, after the Gardiner family; Robert street (the main business street of Maitland), after Robert Rogers, and Walter and Caroline streets after other members of the clan. The only well existing between Kadina and Maitland in the time of Samuel Rogers, a country then notorious for the absence of water, was on Ynoo station. But when I went through the territory a week or two ago it was the dampest piece of land I had ever set eyes on. The truth is that the Peninsula has never shown brighter prospects than it does this year.

Council On Ancient History

In the council room of the Maitland Corporation I met the Mayor (Mr. C. H. King), the town clerk (Mr. V. F. Schultz), and Messrs. F. T. Pearce, W. Oatey, J. T. King, sen., John Thomas, and J. O. Tiddy, all old-timers. We had a long pow-wow about the early days, and I am sure Mr. C H. King, Mayor of Maitland those old people enjoyed it as much as I did. It was a sort of council on ancient history. When you look down Robert street today, a thoroughfare almost as wide as King William street, with handsome buildings on either side, you could scarcely credit that these elderly gentlemen before me remembered the blacks holding holding high festival on the land where the Church of England now stands. None of them looked as if they went back that far. It was only when they began to recite their ages that you came to know that their faces were younger than their years.

The Peninsula blacks were notorious for their ferocity. I learned in conclave this was largely the white man's fault. Our dusky brethren were tame enough when they were left alone. But when the white men filled them up with rum and stole their wives there was apt to be trouble. I imagine a white man's camp in similar circumstances would be no paradise.

The trouble about these early native outbreaks was that too often the innocent had to suffer for the guilty. King Billy did not worry about legal formulae. When he had a grievance he set out to remedy it, and those who got hurt in the process often wondered what it was all about. One of these incidents happened years ago in the bush where the home of the present mayor now stands. The blacks had been given rum, and the rum gave them exalted ideas. They set out to smash things up. In the process they encountered Trooper Dowling. They attacked him with stones and waddies. He was knocked insensible. The savages were intent on finishing him off when a local identity, Jim Hawes happened on the scene. Jim dashed into the thick of the fray and carried off the wounded policeman. But for his intervention Dowling would surely have been murdered. As it was, he recovered after a long interval,

Mr. John Thomas was one of the earliest residents of Maitland. When he arrived there in 1874 the town comprised a few houses of weatherboard and iron. I do not think there is a weatherboard house in the town today. They are all solid and substantial residences. You see, Maitland is a wealthy district. It includes some of the picked wheat lands of the State. To look down on Yorke Valley from the hill on which Maitland is built is to look into a veritable agricultural paradise. Mr. Thomas remembers when there was only one wooden store In Maitland. It was also the post-office. There must have been a good many postcards to be read in those days, for the sorting of the mail took an interminable time. To relieve the tedium the waiting crowd danced to the music of a concertina. When the first stone house was built by Mr. W. J. Noble it caused more excitement than the erection of a skyscraper would do today. The country at that time was largely covered with black grass and sheaoak. The roads were mere dirt tracks. It was not uncommon in walking across the streets to get hopelessly bogged.

Beginning Of The Wheat Era

The district was surveyed in 1872. The following year a few farmers started growing wheat. The earliest attempts were a failure. No one had any idea then that the peninsula was destined to become the granary of the State. Two bushels to the acre was a common average. Much of the land was neglected for years because it was considered too poor to produce crops. This despised country is the land which today is yielding the best wheat. This was broom bush country. In the seventies it was considered madness to buy it for a farthing an acre. Today, probably, you couldn't buy it at all. No one wants to part with it.

One man paid five shillings for his land, and another seven and six. Both these old pioneer wheat-growers now own the finest farms in the district. Superphosphate's did the trick. Once the fertiliser was applied to this "worthless" country it began to do things which made the farmers rub their eyes and ask themselves if they had been dreaming. That settled the fate of the broom bush land. Soon nobody wanted anything else. We can all be wise in retrospect. But it is curious today to read of the rich area stretching between Maitland and Ardrossan that "a man ought to be gaoled for fetching a woman here." The man who wrote that was not gaoled. Instead, he and his wife could write you out a nice fat cheque if they were so disposed. It shows the difference between the agricultural outlook of the seventies and the present day. Modern Governments have a strange method of "encouraging" farmers. A few years ago Mr. Thomas got a prize for producing the best crop in the district. It was promptly followed by a demand for additional taxes. It is a lop-sided arrangement which penalises the industrious man and rewards the sluggard. A saner method would be to tax the man who failed in normal circumstances to produce an average return. Then the State would benefit both ways, and the inefficient would have to give place to someone who could make better use of the land. There's a lot of good farming in South Australia—and there's a mighty lot of bad!

Early Maitland

You cannot sit in a room with half a dozen veterans for an hour or more without picking up some valuable titbits. When I got my "Council on Ancient History" fairly started, and they began swapping experiences across the table, I learned many interesting facts about early Maitland. I am passing them on incidentally for the benefit of the present generation but more particularly for the information of those who will follow us a few years hence. If, therefore, some of the stories related sound trivial to present day ears, you are asked to visualise their value fifty years hence, when those who lived these scenes have passed over to the great unknown, and none remain to tell the tales we tell now.

For the newspaper is history in the making; the news of today is the history of tomorrow.

In 1874 Maitland was already showing signs of being a busy town, even though the single-storeyed Maitland Hotel and Tiddy's shop were the only buildings of importance. The hotel was built by a man named Driscoll, who took out the foundations himself. About the same time Thomas's butcher shop was established in a sheoak tree, while the proprietor was waiting for his premises to be completed. Water was scarce. What wells there were were near the sea coast on either side of the peninsula. It had to be brought from Point Pearce or Parara, near Ardrossan. it cost 1/ per bucket, or £2 per tank. All the water required for building houses had to be procured in this manner.

Water is still a grave problem on the peninsula. I will have something to say on the present day aspect later on. Wild turkeys and kangaroos provided the bill of fare for the settlers, and emus were esteemed for the oil they yielded, which was used as an embrocation. I was assured that emu oil was the best thing known for external application, as "it would penetrate anything."

Saturday night was the great festival of the week. Everybody came into Maitland that evening. Forty-five traps were counted in front of Tiddy's little bush store one night. The hotel did a roaring trade, and had a skittle alley for the entertainment of its patrons. There was a fighting ring where the police station now stands, and this was the scene of some great encounters. As soon as one battle finished another took place. They were real fights, "with gore flowing by the bucketful." Saturday night in the seventies was a hectic experience. Sunday was a day of repentance.

The first post-office when Maitland attained the dignity of a township of four or five houses was Tiddy's store, a small wooden shanty. But prior to that O'Grady's hut, an isolated outpost on the track to the station, served that purpose. I saw the chimney of this old hut still standing in Yorke Valley, a mile or so out of Maitland. The post office of today is a handsome structure.

Maitland show was one of the biggest events of the year. For that matter it still is. This first exhibition of this kind was held on O'Brien's property in Yorke Valley. Now the Agricultural Society has its own extensive grounds. Mr. F. T. Pearce, one of the pioneers I met, attended the first show in 1878.

Stump Jump Plough Invented

I have not introduced this brief reference to the show without an object. Maitland is an agricultural district pure and simple. Superphosphate, as I have already related, was one of the factors in bringing it to the front as a wheat-growing area. But years before the advent of the fertiliser there was another invention which gave a remarkable impetus to the agricultural industry. This was the stump-jump plough. I do not think South Australians generally appreciate the importance of this invention to Australia. I certainly never did until I began to poke my nose into the affairs of Yorke's Peninsula.

The stump-jump plough, which has revolutionised farming in every State of the Commonwealth, is a South Australian invention. It was worked out on a little farm at Ardrossan by Mr. R. B. Smith, and perfected by his brother, Mr. C. H. Smith.

I have already told you that in the early days of the peninsula the country was so thickly timbered as to be almost impenetrable. You would never think so now as you motor mile upon mile over almost treeless landscape. One of the drawbacks to the development of the peninsula was the heavy cost of clearing the land. This ranged from £2 to £3 per acre. Buying the selection was a simple matter. Grubbing it was the bugbear.

Unexpectedly, on October 27, 1880—I think it was the third year of the society's existence— there appeared on the Maitland show ground a plough which, it was claimed, would do away with the necessity for grubbing altogether. Such a claim was regarded as preposterous. The farmers openly scoffed. But Smith's stump-jump plough gave them an exhibition of agricultural contortions which left them staring. More practical demonstrations were demanded and given. It was shown that land which cost pounds per acre to grub could be cleared for a few shillings. From that time dated the birth of Maitland and the surrounding country as a definite wheat-producing area. Today the South Australian invention is playing a similar important role in every State of the Commonwealth. The stump-jump plough, and its useful little brother, the scrub roller, are opening up the wild places of the continent.

Maitland people are very proud of their district. When you ask them what the land is like, they answer, "The best in the Commonwealth." I am not in a position to substantiate that claim. I am able to say that if there is any better it must be magnificent. Ordinarily you cannot buy land hereabouts unless you are prepared to pay fancy prices. Just now a number of the local farmers are suffering from depleted banking accounts, the result of speculations in real estate, which did not come up to expectations. Others have paid too high a price for their holdings. But these matters do not affect the quality of the country. Yorke Valley lies at the foot of the town. Anything more like the famous pastures of Devon it would be hard to find.

The population of the town is about 600. Recently its boundaries have been considerably enlarged by the Royal Commission on Local Government areas. Its area is now 810 acres in place of 250.

Water

"One of the main difficulties of the peninsula," said the mayor, "is water." 'Too much or too little?" I asked, "Not nearly enough," he said. I hadn't noticed it. When I was over the country the soil was so full of it that it could not absorb any more. The roads were half buried under it, every depression had been transformed into a miniature lake, and as one walked the stuff oozed from the ground in the form of liquid mud. In such circumstances it was hard to believe that this was "dry" country. But the fact of the matter was that the season had opened better than was ever known before. With favorable vernal weather the wheat yield of the peninsula this year should be phenomenal. Everybody was optimistic.

Nevertheless, water is a problem, especially in the towns. The townspeople have got to conserve their own supplies. These are augmented by a small reservoir which holds about 3,000,000 gallons. In some years the water question becomes extremely acute. It was one of these periodical crises which recently brought into existence the Maitland Water Trust, to which the people subscribed over £600 for putting down test bores. Theorists told the trust they had no hope of finding water. Nevertheless they tapped a supply on the showground, yielding perhaps 2,000 gallons an hour. When I was there they were casing this bore with the object of shutting off the salt which was percolating through. The search is to be continued.

One result of the hunt for water was the discovery of indications of oil. I cannot give you much information on oil prospects, because, although the managers of the plant talked to me readily enough about the progress they had made, they did it confidentially— and those are the sort of confidences a newspaper man respects. You will see from the photograph, however, that the search is being seriously prosecuted.

Naming Of Maitland

Maitland is one of those unfortunate places which perpetuates the name of a person South Australia doesn't know. Governor Fergusson, in 1872, named it after Julia Maitland, a relative of his. He inflicted similar atrocities on other parts of the Peninsula. Why South Australia should thus honor the daughter of the Earl of Lauderdale is a question I cannot answer. The aboriginals called the place Madiwaltu (white flint). As I remarked in a previous article, the natives showed more intelligence than the whites in naming places.

No visitor to Maitland is ever allowed to leave without meeting the local aristocracy. It resides about five miles out, and Maitland is extremely proud of it. It comprises Great Count, Loudoun Marchioness, Beneficence, Mary Rose, and a number of other similar ladies and gentlemen of Australian and international renown. It is the famous Clydesdale stud, said to be far and away the best in the Commonwealth. I was introduced to about a dozen and a half long pedigreed animals of both sexes, and initiated into all all the points of a stanch Clydesdale. I am not a horsey man, and I am seriously afraid I was more mystified than enlightened. But even my untrained eye could detect strength, beauty and breeding in the great animals which were displayed for my benefit.

Two of these horses are certain to attract the attention at the forthcoming Royal Show. These are Great Count and Beneficence. The former only arrived from New Zealand last April. He was sired by Rosencraig, and his dam was Camperdown Countess. The names conveyed nothing to me, but from the look of reverence on the faces of my horsey friends I concluded I was supposed to regard the big animal with something of the awe which a mediaeval varlet exhibited towards his liege lord. What did impress me was that six aristocratic Clydesdale ladies were on their way from New Zealand to make the acquaintance of the noble Count. Beneficence comes from Scotland. He won the yearling class at Ayr before coming to the Antipodes. He has already appeared in the Royal Show ring in Adelaide. He has yet to be beaten. Not one of the animals at the Maitland stud can be purchased at under four figures. That should give you an idea of the "classy" kind of folk they are. NEXT WEEK Minlaton: Stories of Gum Flat

Champion Clydesdale Stallion Imported

Fri 8 Jul 1932, The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1931 - 1954)

Mr. F. H. Francis, of Messrs. F. E. Francis & Sons. Clydesdale horse breeders, of Maitland. Yorke Peninsula, recently visited New Zealand, and while there purchased the Clydesdale stallion Great Count, by Rosencraie, by Dunure Footprint, from Camperdown Duchess, by Baron Bold, by Baron Pride.

Great Count is rising five years of age, and as a two-year-old was adJudged champion of the New Zealand Royal Show, held at Invercargill. He was admitted to be probably the best Clydesdale stallion in the Dominion, and his purchase must have a beneficial Influence on the Clydesdale studs In South Australia and the Commonwealth.


ITS PROSPERITY IS EVERYWHERE

Wed 24 Sep 1952, News (Adelaide, SA : 1923 - 1954)

HEART of Yorke Peninsula, Maitland, sets up a throb of rural prosperity which courses along its arteries of roads and penetrates all over the peninsula.

Maitland's story today can only be a success story. Seven successive good seasons with payable prices have given the district an aura of prosperity. It is typified by the excellent crops of barley and wheat to be seen on every farm. The harvest promises to again compare with the best.

Its prosperity is reflected in the fine homes built in the town by farmers for their retirement.

And it is underlined by the heavy mechanisation of their properties. Before the tractor, South Australia's finest Clydesdales were bred at Maitland.

For a town without a water supply, Maitland must rank with the cleanest in Australia.

No industry

But for a key centre, it is unusual in the complete absence of manufacturing industry. None of its produce is processed there.

Its cleanliness and orderliness are greatly facilitated by not having to with stand the assaults of factory smoke and dust.

It does not even stack the grain grown all around it, as does almost every other town on the peninsula. Maitland's wheat and barley go to the sea board at Ardrossan and Port Victoria.

Maitland today exists solely as the commercial shopping, and community Centre of its neighboring, farmers. All its townsmen are occupied providing these services.

Straddling a hill, it Is about 1,000 ft. above sea level, within sight of Spencer Gulf, and only 14 miles from St. Vincent Gulf. The town is about a mile square, on which Maitland Corporation puts a capital value of £105,000. Its population of 700 live in solid limestone houses, surrounded by a quarter mile wide green belt of parklands.

Farms in the district are on some of Australia's best barley and wheat soil. Up to £39 an acre was paid during the 1928-30 boom, £37 has been the top price in recent years, but many have rejected £40. Pick of the land is estimated today at up to £60 an acre.

Top yields have been up to 60 bushels of barley and 45 bushels of wheat to the acre. This is land where they prefer to talk in bags rather than bushels to the acre. Rainfall averages 19 in. a year, and nearly all of it invariably falls during the growing season.

The pioneer

Pioneer of the district was Samuel Rogers, one of four brothers who with their mother, held nearly all the land on southern Yorke Peninsula in the early fifties.

Rogers built his home stead, called Ynoo, in Yorke Valley, about two miles from the present town, From the mallee scrub he won good grazing land, and raised sheep; but does not appear to have tested its potentialities for crops.

Ynoo homestead, its wool shed, and the well which Rogers sank 220 ft. for water remain on the property, which is now occupied by 62-year-old Mr. R. F. Honner, who was born at Maitland.

Avondale, his homestead, is only 200 yards away from the first building, in the district.

The Government reclaimed Rogers' lease in the early seventies, Rogers keeping 1,126 acres surrounding his homestead. The remainder was auctioned in Adelaide about 80 years ago, and taken up by pioneers, nearly all of whose families still farm the land today.

Maitland is one of the few rural districts which does not have difficulty in retaining its young people. It has no drift-to-the-city problem.

There is a strong Cornish strain in the district. Many of the families came south from Moonta, that Cornish stronghold. whose copper mines had first attracted them.

There were some epic pioneering stories. Richard Honner, of Yankalilla, who had seven sons, first took up land at Brentwood.

Edward, aged 12, and John, 13, each drove a four-bullock team from the old home, through Adelaide, to the new property. For the feat, each was presented with an English lever and key watch.

Mr. R. C. Honner, of Arthurton, now has one and Mr. R. F. Honner the other, and both still go. Mr. Edward Honner, now 88, is living in retirement in Maitland.

Lonely bride

Such feats were matched by the courage of the women. One was the 25 year-old bride of Joseph Francis, who had bought his land at the auction, reaped one crop, and sown another. Francis returned to Dry Creek in November, 1873, and was married in Enfield Church on December 3.

He left immediately after the ceremony with three horses in a spring dray towing a stripper. The dray was half-full of flowers presented to his bride.

The bride left by Cobb and Co. coach two days later, was met by the bridegroom at Kainton, and went on to Maitland in the dray.

At times Francis had to cut bushes to clear a track. The bride arrived at her lonely two-roomed home of wattle and daub at dusk. Three sites for the town were surveyed before it was built. A surveyor named Harry Chugg, who used to stay at Ynoo in 1902, told Mr. Honner that the first site was in the middle of Ynoo property, not half a mile from the homestead.

Site shifted

Rogers, who claimed it was too close, went to Adelaide and had the town site shifted a mile north, near the salt well, which the Government sank to get water for the settlers.

The town plan was complete when a flood raced down the valley and swept away all the tents near the well. They were deposited in the middle of Mr. Sid Greenslade's farm at Urania.

So the town site was changed again to the top of the hill, where the buildings finally went up.

By NOEL PRISK


YORKE PENINSULA ENCIRCLED.

Thu 23 Jan 1941, The Mount Barker Courier and Onkaparinga and Gumeracha Advertiser (SA : 1880 - 1954)

Maitland is a corporate town, and, i like all the "body" and "instep" of the Italy-shaped Peninsula, is surrounded by good grain-producing country, in quite a number of places, evidences of the rain were apparent by a tinge of green, but, needless to say dryness was the outstanding feature. Trees, except those around homesteads here and there, were confined to the roadways, and not much there. A previous remark, anent it being a great pity that the "powers that he" did not years ago enforce a chain or so of mallee to be retained on every boundary, still holds good, and, had this been done, the Peninsula, as elsewhere, would have been a vastly more productive place than it is now. The town is well laid-out (broad streets) and appointed with rather more public trees than most. We were shown some nice wheaten hay, the crop of which had gone 11 bags to the acre, so the year was not 4 "light" one everywhere.

The number of horse-drawn vehicles met with so far was large compared with in the eastern Hills districts, but whether this was usual state of affairs, or an effort in the interests of petrol conservation due to the war, we were unable to decide, though appearance of the vehicles would indicate the former. As indicative of the general trend, however, it might be stated that

It is recorded that in U.S.A. last year 592 horse-drawn vehicles were built, against 52,120 motive power ones. While on the subject of animals, we will pass on to the ubiquitous bunny, which, mainly as a whole family, was constantly under observation—with no more favorable intent than when the land was first opened up. On some of the coastal areas there were extensive colonies of them, and here the sports man who would miss a shot in the late afternoon would indeed be a "mutt." Foxes were also in evidence. One crossed the road in an unhurried trot, jumped upon and over a high stone wall and made a bee-line across a paddock in which were several hundred sheep in sight. The sheep appeared the only thing concerned as they immediately grouped on a hill-top and observed reynard's transit. Near the head of the Peninsula, to the eastward, we were told that, during the holidays as many as 24 were accounted for in a day by a party of three shooters. Only one snake crossed our path.