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Books about Muloowurtie
Pine Point is a popular holiday area good for fishing sailing and crabbing. Pine Point attracted settlers well in advance of the proclamation of Muloowurtie in 1874. Sheep were overlanded from the eastern side of the Gulf and where the mallee scrub was too thick for their passage, they were moved along the beach at Black Point at low tide. The first flock arrived in 1846. As the scrub was rolled the land was opened up and dams and tanks were excavated. When these dried over the summer months, water was carted from wells at Pine Point. Later agriculture arrived on the peninsula and Pine Point became one of the many small ports where the ketches could pull in and be loaded directly from the drays. Later a small wharf was built which enabled the ketch to remain in deeper water. A chute or slide was installed in 1927, which greatly facilitated the loading. In October 1967 the ketch Yongala took the last cargo of grain off from Pine Point, sailing across the Gulf to Port Adelaide. Bulk grain handling facilities at Ardrossan, Wallaroo and Port Giles had gradually and irrevocably supplanted the ketch trade and the small ports of the peninsula.
District Council of Yorke Peninsula - History of Pine Point
Pine Point was so named because of the large number of native pines growing here. Place Names of South Australia.
Erected on the cliff top is a memorial marking the Centenary of the District of Muloowurtie 1874-1974. Mounted thereon is a bronze plaque showing Clydesdale horses, also a ceramic depicting the ketch "Anne Watt."
On it is inscribed:
"A TRIBUTE TO THE PIONEERS
OF THIS DISTRICT
THOSE WHO SAILED THE KETCHES.
THAT FAITHFUL TOILER
THE CLYDESDALE HORSE.
ERECTED 13th OCTOBER 1974."
In the cliffs just to the north of Pine Point occurs a white, Kaolin-rich clay. It is the type of clay used in the making of porcelain and bone china. In 1912 a company was to be formed for the making of fire bricks. A capital of $300,000 was to be raised but the scheme never eventuated*.
*Maitland Watch, 15th November, 1912.
In the 1950's the Department of Mines investigated and estimated that about 300,000 tonnes of kaolinized aplite lay about 17 metres beneath the surface. Of this it was estimated about 66,000 tonnes of high grade clay could be extracted*. The deposit still remains untouched.
*Geology of Yorke Peninsula, Page 76.
The name for the district, "Muloowurtie," is an aboriginal word meaning "a native rat hole." *
*Australian Aboriginal Words and their Meanings.
Image courtesy of Peter Davey
The Aboriginal name for Pine Point was narnuworti - ‘pine point’. Resin from the trees called narnujako was used by the Aborigines for shafting their stone knives.
Pine Point School opened as ‘Muloowurtie’ in 1901; name changed in 1941 and closed in 1971.
In 1904, a perturbed resident asked for ‘permission to call the attention of the public in the Hundred of Mooloowurtie... to the injustice of the Marine Board’s action in granting to E.C. May power to erect a jetty at or near Pine Point’:
In my opinion no such power should be granted to any private individual before calling a meeting of ratepayers directly concerned and obtaining their views on such an important work... A wharf at Pine Point was established by Mr J.F. Harvey who had vested interests in several ketches.
Over a period of five years he built five landings in the vicinity but eventually confined his activities to Pine Point where he leased land from the Harbors Board. When the lease expired it was not renewed. In 1927, the Harbors Board made extensive alterations by dredging berths and channels, erecting a new shed and a cutting leading to the wharf. The new facilities were completed in 1930. The wharf itself was 64 metres long and was last used commercially in 1967.
Arthur Searcy, President of the Harbors Board and the Marine Board of South Australia photographed with other members during a visit to a beach south of Ardrossan, South Australia; they sit and stand on and around a horse drawn cart being watched by a friendly dog
State Library of South Australia - PRG 280/1/27/186
Ketch waiting for grain 1927 - State Library of South Australia - B 30527
PINE POINT: Men loading bagged barley from a truck on to large stacks waiting for collection from Pine Point, South Australia 1933
State Library of South Australia - B 63237
Distant view of the jetty and small sailing craft at Pine Point in the Hundred of Muloowurtie, South Australia 1920
State Library of South Australia - PRG 280/1/33/131
Horse team pulling a wagon through shallow sea water to a waiting ship off Pine Point, Yorke Peninsula, South Australia 1915
State Library of South Australia - PRG 280/1/12/26
PINE POINT : The harbour 1913 State Library of South Australia - B 57255
Pine Point Landing 1907 - State Library of South Australia - B 11014
WANTS OF MULOOWURTIE.
At a public meeting of selectors in the southern portion of the above hundred which was held at Mr. A. J. Williams's residence a few days since there was a fair attendance. Mr. J. Lamb, who was voted to the chair, stated that the greater portion of southern Muloowurtie had now been selected, occupied, and cultivated, and he thought the time had now arrived for them to request the Government to grub and clear roads for them, as they were so thickly timbered it was quite impossible to use them until cleared. Some of them had rolled and chopped the tracks through the scrub, so that they could be used to travel over on horseback; and he thought it would not be asking the Government to do too much to clear them and make them available to cart their produce to a port of shipment. Mr. W. McDonald proposed—" That a petition be prepared and signatures obtained, and that it be forwarded to the Commissioner of Crown Lands, asking that the road from the south-eastern corner of Section 11, Hundred of Muloowurtie, thence east to south-east corner of same, thence south alongside Sections 122 and 123, Hundred of Curramulka, be cleared to the road running to Port Julia." The roads were, in their present natural state, quite unfit for traffic. As it was, they had to avail themselves of the cut survey line, and they were all well aware that it was extremely dangerous. Mr. John Hales seconded, and testified to great inconvenience in not having the road in question cleared, as that was the most direct road for them to a port of shipment Port Julia; The proposition was carried unanimously. The Chairman said the next matter for consideration was to ask the Government to erect a small jetty at Port. Julia, which was the nearest place of shipment to them in that port, and if a jetty were erected there it would accommodate a great number of farmers in the northern portion of Curramulka. Mr. A. J. Williams proposed— " That the Government be asked to erect a jetty at Port Julia, and that the following gentlemen act as a deputation with the Curramulka gentlemen to wait upon the Commissioner of Public Works and represent the case, and urge the Government to do something Messrs. J. Lamb. J. P. Polkinghorne, A. J. Williams, W. McDonald, and Bartlett." Mr. T. Winter seconded. Mr. McDonald supported, and added that a jetty of about 200 feet would meet their requirements, and the cost of that would not be excessive, taking into consideration that Ardrossan, north seventeen miles away, was the nearest jetty to them, and Port Vincent (private) nine miles south. The proposition was put and carried. A lengthy discussion ensued on the advisability of water conservation being provided at Port Julia; but as it was useless for this season it was decided to ask the Government to make provision for storing water there for the following season. A discussion also took place on the necessity of the Government taking measures to enforce the cultivation on the scrub sections taken up by speculators, who outbid the farmer and then asked large profits on the same. He thought the Government should enforce the cultivation clause, or compel the surrendering of same, and probably the land would fall into the hands of some farmer who would cultivate it. Thanks to the Chair and Press closed the proceedings.
PROPOSED RESERVOIRS FOR MULOOWURTIE.
A deputation of selectors from the Hundred of Muloowurtie waited on the Commissioner of Crown Lands (Hon. J. Coles) an Wednesday morning to bring under his notice the urgent need said to exist for roads, reservoirs, and approaches in that district Mr. Caldwell, M.P., introduced the deputation, and stated that public reservoirs were urgently required by the settlers in the Muloowurtie Hundred, as owing to the nature of the ground it was extremely difficult to obtain water. The requirements would be met, by the construction of two dams, one on, the road between sections 92 and 93, and the other between sections 12 and 13. A deputation had accordingly been appointed to wait on the Commissioner, and ask him if he would undertake the construction of the works named. For the convenience of carting produce to a port of shipment, and for means of communication between adjacent sections, it was also considered a matter of urgent necessity by the selectors in the neighbourhood, who were now very numerous, and had a large area of land under crop, that certain roads marked in the plan, submitted by the deputation should be cleared without delay, and that approaches to Pine Point wells should be made. The Government were further requested to survey a line of allotments down to high-water mark, for the convenience of erecting sheds for the protection of the stacked produce, and to make a road for approaching the boats with teams. A series of resolutions had been adopted at a meeting of residents held on the 22nd ult., embodying the different requests which he read.
Mr. Earle explained that the cliffs in the Hundred of Mooloowurtie had an elevation of from twenty feet to 100 feet, and cuttings had accordingly to be made to allow the drays to get to the water. Selectors were put to a very great deal of inconvenience owing to this. They had so far constructed the approaches to the boats themselves. These, however, were insufficient to meet the required wants, as they were only able to get up between 6 cwt. or 7 cwt, of stuff at a time. They wanted a cutting made to enable them to get up a full cargo. To effect this only about a chain and a half additional cutting would be required.
Mr. Kapples having also pointed out the necessity for clearing the roads named in the plan to facilitate the carting operations.
The Commissioner said that he had seen the memorial presented by the residents, and expected to receive a report on the subject from, the officers of the department. The request for the construction of reservoirs seemed to him a reasonable one, and he had little doubt that it would be complied with. The clearing of the roads and the construction of approaches to Pine Point wells were matters which would involve some cost, and it would be necessary for him to consult his colleagues before giving a decided answer. He did not know whether he would be able to clear all the roads named in the plan, but he would do his best to meet the wishes of the district. With regard to the survey of a line of allotments to high water mark, and the construction of a road to enable them to approach the boats with teams, he could inform them that he had just seen the Surveyor-General, who would comply with the first request, and survey the Iines as requested. He would get the officers of the department to report about the road which he thought might also be made.
The deputation then thanked the Commissioner and withdrew.
POSTAL COMMUNICATION FOR MULOOWURTIE.
A deputation of residents from the newly surveyed township of Muloowurtie waited on the Minister of Justice and Education (Hon. R. C. Baker) on Wednesday to bring under his notice the insufficient postal communication in that district. Mr. Caldwell, M.P., introduced the deputation, which consisted of Messrs. B. Kappler, J.P., W. Earle, H. Bowden, T. H. Webb, A. Hill, and Denoon. Mr. Caldwell briefly explained the object of the deputation, and stated that at a recent meeting of residents in the Hundred of Muloowurtie, a resolution was passed in favour of establishing a weekly mail service between Maitland and Muloowurtie, to leave Maitland early on Saturday mornings, and to return the same day, calling at a, Post-Office on Section 102, in the Hundred of Muloowurtie, each way. The meeting was also in favour of naming the proposed Post-Office on Section 102 "Sandilands," and that at the township Mulroowurtie. Messrs. Earle and Bowden having also advocated the object of the deputation, the Minister stated in reply that the matter had not been brought under his notice before, but the request seemed a very reasonable one. He would consult the Postmaster-General on the subject, and promised to do his best to meet the requirements of the district. The deputation then thanked him and withdrew.
THE WANTS OF MULOOWURTIE.
A public meeting was held at the Baptist Church, Muloowurtie, on Tuesday, April 7, Mr. Hugh Bawden in the chair, to consider the urgent necessity of at once applying to the Government to grant the inhabitants postal communication between Maitland and Muloowurtie, also to urge the immediate construction of a reservoir on Section 93, Muloowurtie. After the chairman had read various communications received from the water conservation department, in which the department stated that they could not recommend the construction of a reservoir unless the land for the same was absolutely given, and that the quantity required would be 20 acres. He said he thought his offer to give one acre and sell the Government any quantity up to 20 acres of the section if required, was quite reasonable. Mr. O. Treasure in a lengthy speech moved — 'That one acre of land is quite sufficient for the purpose of a reservoir on section 93, Muloowurtie, and that the Government be requested to accept Mr. Bawden's offer, and construct a reservoir as previously asked for.' He thought Mr. Bawden's offer a very liberal one, and that it was very unreasonable to suppose that any one was going to allow the Government to come and cut up his land and pick out twenty acres of the best and allow no compensation. In this case there was actually nothing asked for, only that at the termination of twenty one years' lease all lands now taken above one acre should be deducted from the purchase-money at the rate of £2 10s. per acre, which he thought exceedingly liberal. Mr. Wm. Henhick endorsed the remarks of the previous speaker, and seconded the motion, which was carried unanimously. Mr. R. Sandilands moved — ' That Messrs. J. Howard and O. Treasure be a committee to draw up a memorial embodying the former resolution, and forward it to Messrs. Caldwell, M.P., and Beaglehole, M.P., for presentation to the Government.' Mr. C. Marks seconded, and the motion was carried. Messrs. Duff, Henrick, Treasure, and Bawden were appointed to obtain signatures to the petition. Sir. G. Bawden moved — 'That the Government be requested to again call for tenders for carrying the mail between Maitland and Muloowurtie.' Mr. Duff, in seconding, said it was a great hardship to the inhabitants to have to fetch their letters and papers a distance of from twelve to fourteen miles. The motion was carried. The Chairman said it was not only a great inconvenience, but a great Ioss, as in busy times, such as harvest and seeding, it was a very serious thing to send a horse and man twelve or thirteen miles, and he frequently had to wait a fortnight for his newspaper, and had received a letter from the Postmaster General which took three months to find its way into his hands. Mr. O. Treasure said he thought it a great shame of the Government in not accepting previous tenders, as from what he had heard on very good authority he felt sure that the mail could not be carried for anything like the sum previously offered, but he supposed the Government not only wanted the inhabitants to keep the post-office for nothing, but to carry the mail too. Mr. R. Sandilands moved ' That Mr. O. Treasure be requested to convey the feelings of this meeting to the postal authorities.' This was seconded by Mr. C. Marks and carried.
MULOOWURTIE, October 23.
A very sudden death occurred here today. Mr. T. Taylor, chief guard of the Stockade prison, who was on a visit nere for the benefit of his health, suddenly dropped down, and was dead in a few minutes, from what is supposed to have been heart disease. The deceased was staying with some members of his family, who are working his farm here. He had seemed much better for his visit, and intended returning to his duties on the following day. —
We hope to have an average Harvest here as the crops are looking well. We are glad that the Government are making some provision for shipping our produce, as there is a considerable area under cultivation, which will no doubt find an outlet at Pine Point, where a cutting is being made down the cliff and the rough portions of the road meatalled, which will be a great boon to the residents in the district. — :
The Sunday-school picnic was held on ? the 22nd, -when the children were taken to Ene Point, and nad a ramble on the beach. In the evening they retnrned to the Baptist Church, where an entertainment was given, which brought a very pleasant day to a close.
MULOOWURTIE. April 13.
The mail service opened on April 1 is found to be a great convenience. The Post Office at Pine Point is called ' Muloowurtie ' and the one about 8 miles inland on the Maitland road is called "Sandilands." The time is rather inconvenient for replying to letters. We have no opportunity to reply for a week, as the mail returns within an hour from arrival.
Watercarting still continues here, and as a consequence the Maitland-road is fearfully cut up. Unfortunately salt water was cut at the Government well on stone reserve. Many think fresh water exists at 90 feet, as the well was through fresh-water ground at that depth. There are two more wells started at sites recommended by the Government Geologist, The site is in an old valley overlaid with limestone.
A fair amount of wheat of good quality has been shipped at our new port. This year the general opinion is there will be a large quantity of wheat grown and shipped should we get an average season.
The oyster boats seem to be doing well. It is feared the beds are being destroyed. I am glad to hear that the Commissioner's attention has been called to the matter. The weather is cold, but there has been no rain.
Body Not Found. [By Telegraph.] Maitland, September 12.
Up to the present nothing has been seen of the body of Mr. Charles Webb, who was drowned on the morning of the 10th instant while on a trip to Ardrossan. although diligent March has been made. It transpires that Mr. Cudd, postmaster at Muloowurtie, strongly advised Mr. Webb not to attempt the journey, as the weather was unfavourable for the boat he was using. The unfortunate young fellow had, however, successfully made the same trip on two previous occasion? (although on each occasion he had company) and set off on his third voyage. About fifteen minutes after leaving Pine Point Mr. Cudd saw the boat and its occupant suddenly disappear and nothing more was seen of man or boat. Ans he is stated to have been a good swimmer it it thought that be must have become entangled in the gear of his boat. Mr. Webb was managing a farm for his father, Mr. T. H. Webb, situated not far from the scene of the accident.
THE LATE DROWNING FATALITY.
Maitland. September 20. The boat which sank on September 10 with Mr. Charles Webb, while on a trip from Pine Point to Ardrossan, has been found opposite Hart's mine, three miles from Pine Point.
Thank you to F. Glanville for these church photos.
February 4.— The Pine Point Methodist Church, was filled to the doors last Wednesday, evening, when a farewell social was tendered to Mr, Mrs, and Miss McDonald, who are leaving the district, after being residents for about 16 years. The Chairman (Mr T. H. Davey), expressed regret at the loss the district would sustain by the departure of Mr. McDonald and wished him prosperity and happiness in his new sphere of work.
On behalf of the residents, Mr. Davey presented Mr. McDonald with a travelling bag, Mrs. McDonald with a silver butterdish, and Miss McDonald with a book. Speeches were delivered by Mr. J. Henderson and Mr, W. Endersby. Mr. McDonald responded. Songs were rendered by Mrs Harvey and Misses Head and Webb and recitations by Messrs. Rountree and Gersch. — A snake, which had been seen crawling about one of the wheat stacks at Pine Point, was killed last Thursday morning. When measured it was found to be 5 ft. 14 in. long.
Thank you to F. Glanville for these church photos.
PHILLIPS'S COPPER MINE.
The Warden of Mines (Mr. Matthews) reports on Phillips's Copper Mine as follows: The property known as Phillips's copper show is located at Pine Point, about eight miles south of Ardrossan. The workings consist of one shaft sunk to the depth of 10 ft, and small tunnel driven in the side of the cliff about 15 ft., slightly above high-water mark, with winze sunk from the latter to about 20 ft. in depth, disclosing copper-bearing material for about 15 ft. wide. The material consists of country rock in places containing small nodules of green carbonates of copper, of no particular value beyond giving an indication of the presence of that metal. Sample taken from the green carbonates picked out yielded slightly over 8 per cent, copper. Future prospecting in this locality should consist in trying to locate the orebearing material in more elevated ground, and 'not as at' present on the foreshore just above high-water mark, where if at any time should developments prove favourable a strong influx of water might be encountered that would probably cause the suspension of all operations.
I have left the dear old homestead
To sail across the sea;
I have left my loved ones behind me.
To watch and pray for me.
I have left behind me a mother.
Gentle, and loving, and true;
I would not list to her pleading,
But my own way preferred to pursue.
It is five years ago since I left home.
The wide, wide world to see,
O, turn ye, my brother, I pray you,
Why should you stay longer away?
But haste on your homeward journey
To those who still watch and pray.
Your mother has not forgotten you,
She prays for you night and day;
Go home to your dear old mother,
In this world she will not much, longer stay.
(By Beatrice Foster, Pine Point.)
THE SOCIAL WORLD
The marriage of Miss Maude A. Miller, eldest daughter of Mr. F. Miller, "Lew. Glen," Muloowurtie to Mr. Elver T. Wheare, second son of Mr. G. W. Wheare, "Cliffside," Black Point, was celebrated on Wednesday, October 7, at "Cliffside." The Rev. G. H. Paynter was the officiating clergyman. The bride, who was given away by her brother, was becomingly attired in a dainty gown of ivory silk. The full flowing skirt was finished with a deep hem and clusters of orange blossoms ornamented the front panel. The draped bodice bad a yoke of fine lace and was trimmed with silk insertion and ribbon, frills of fine deep lace composed the sleeves. Her embroidered veil depended from a coronet of orange blossom, and she carried a bouquet of white flowers and fern asparagus. There were two bridesmaids in attendance— Miss Lucy Miller' (sister or the bride) and Miss Ida Wheare (sister of bridegroom). They were both daintily frocked in cream silk, wearing sprays of pink flowers and fern in the hair. Mr. F. Wheare acted as best man, while Mr. H. Miller performed the duties of groomsman. After the cere-mony appetising refreshments were par-taken of and games were indulged in, and a pleasant evening was spent. Mr. and Mrs. Wheare left next day for Adelaide, where the honeymoon was spent. The bride's travelling dress was of Saxe blue Sicilian cloth, with hat to match. A number of useful and handsome gifts were received.
From H. N. Rix, Glanville: Oysters were plentiful on the eastern shores, of Yorke's Peninsula at one time from Pine Point to Rouges Point. Oysters attached to razor fish could often be picked up after a heavy blow from the east; and off the Red Cliffs, between Clinton and Wiles Creek, I have found oysters in the fine grass seaweed about low-water boundary. Large quantities of oysters were at one time brought to Port Adelaide from these beds, and the continuous dredging has probably spoilt the shelter for the spawn. On the coast between Pine and Rouges Points, and between high and low water mark, are beds of loose stone, which would make good shelter for the oyster spawn if they were carried off and put on the spawning ground. And if the oysters could be got with divers instead of dredging it would greatly help the breeding. Perhaps the Port Lincoln beds could be treated in the same way.
CLAY DEPOSITS NEAR ARDROSSAN.
If expectations are realized there is a promising future in store for Pine Point, on Yorke's Peninsula, eight miles south of Ardrossan. On the foreshore are almost unlimited quantities of clay suitable for the manufacture of pottery, firebricks, tiles and similar articles. The deposit of clay is considered to be a valuable one and a syndicate has engaged men to work it. The property, which comprised 40 acres was inspected at the week-end by members of the syndicate, and this Ied to the discovery of what have since been pronounced to be valuable deposits of soapstone and manganese. There am also indications of iron and copper, and an opal matrix has bean found, which an authority says is similar in formation to that of the famous White Cliffs.
Thank you to F. Glanville for these church photos.
An interesting wedding was celebrated at Pine Point on Wednesday evening, March . 9. As it was the first wedding to be celebrated in the Pine Point Methodist Church, the church was tastefully decorated by the girl friends of the bride.- Mr. M. B. Davey, son of Thos. H. Davey, Clifton House, Pine Point, was married to Miss Jessie Wheare, second daughter of Mrs. W. G. Wheare, of Black Point. The ceremony was performed by the Rev. R. C. Yeoman, in the presence of a large gathering of relations and friends of the happy couple. The bride, who was given away by her father, was prettily dressed in a creme ninon voile gown, with a long court train. She wore the orthodox veil. There were three bridesmaids in attendance. Miss Ida Wheare (sister of bride), who was frocked in pale pink ninon; Miss Violet Davey, who wore pale blue taffeta voile; and Miss Olive Davey who was gowned in heliotrope voile. - Mr. H. H. Davey, brother of the bridegroom, acted as groomsman. Miss Richards officiated at the organ. Subsequently the bridal party and guests proceeded to the residence of the bride's parents, where a deception was held, at which about 80 friends and relations were present.- A splendid display of costly and useful present was on view. Musical items were rendered by the Misses Newlyn, Rowe, and Richards, and Mr. L. Rowe. A very pleasant evening was spent, and best wishes were expressed for the future happiness of the newly-married couple. The bride's travelling dress was navy blue coat and skirt, and crushed strawberry hat. Among the guests were Mrs. T. H. Davey (mother of the bridegroom), who was gowned in fancy black voile, relieved with white. Mrs. W. G. Wheare, black voile, trimmed with silk. Mrs. H. G. Wheare, creme taffeta; Mrs. E. T. Wheare, creme silk. Mrs. W. Silver, embroidered white silk; Mrs. J. Kerr, black taffeta, relieved with white; Mrs. J. Beer, creme silk. Mrs. A. TS. Pearce, black Sicilian. Mrs. Alf: Williams, black voile. Mrs. W. Pointon, black taffeta voile. Mrs. J. F. Harvey, creme voile. Mrs. J. Hill, een., black with creme trimmings'. Mrs. Newlvn green linen. Mrs. ' J. Carver, black' with white reliefs. Miss Davey, black relieved with white. Mies Grace Davey, white crepe. Miss Richards wore a mole costume. Miss MeBurney, floral muslin. Miss Kerr, black, with white reliefs. Miss Williams, embroidered white muslin. Miss Alderman, pale blue voile. Miss Lucie Alderman, pale blue crepe de chine. Miss Gilles, pink silk. Miss Rowe, floral muslin. Miss Ruth PoJkmghorne, crome silk. Miss 0. Henderson, creme. Miss Newlvn, heliotrope. K. JSewlyn French muslin. Miss Pearce, embroidered white muslin. Miss Mayfjeld, white musline Miss Collins, green cloth. The ihsses llds'on (Steelton) were becomingly robed in black, with jet trimmings.
Muloowurtie, April 17.— The members of the South Australian Royal Yacht Squadron gave an enjoyable concert in aid of the Pine Point Institute on Easter Saturday evening. A marquee was provided by the entertainers, and erected on ground kindly lent for the occasion by Mr. W. G. F. Wheare, of Black Point. A large and enthusiastic audience was entertained by Messrs, Mayne, Saunders, Crosby, and others. A vote of thanks was accorded to the members of the Yacht Squadron whose Chairman, in responding, spoke of Mr. Wheare's kindness in offering a cup annually to be competed for by the yacht squadron. The proceeds of the concert amounted to £9.
JETTY FOR PINE POINT.
Mr. P. Allen, M.P., introduced a deputation to the Commissioner of Public Works on Thursday morning asking for a jetty to be erected at Pine Point, about 12 miles from Ardrossan. Mr. Allen said there were between 20,000 and 30,000 bags of wheat shipped from this port last year, and probably in a few years there would be 40,000 to 50,000 bags to ship. Pine Point was the nearest cut across from the Peninsula to Port Adelaide. Mr. W. Endersby said he had been at Pine Point 11 years. When he went there it was mostly scrub, but every year more land was coming under cultivation. They only wanted a light jetty about 600 ft. long. This would float all the boats that go there at low tide. There was a three-chain road running right down to the site for the jetty, and there were thousands of tons of wood which would be sent across if they had the jetty. Mr. Hirsch said last year there were 1,000 tons of general cargo and 2,500 tons fruit shipped at Pine Point last year. Mr. Verran promised to obtain a report on the question and to let the members hare an early reply.
MOONTA, January 4,— At the Local Court, Maitland, on Wednesday, Mr. J. T. Keats, S.M., and justice gave Judgment in the Pine Point landing case, Harvey versus Carver. This was an action for alleged trespass on the property of the plaintiff at Pine Point. The claim was for £99. The right to the property in question was disputed by the defendant. There seemed no doubt however, said the S.M., that the lease was properly granted by virtue of the Marine Board Acts. It was within the power of the plaintiff corporation absolutely to prohibit persons from depositing earth or shingle on a beach. In that action, it must be noted, however, that prohibition was not sought, but only regulation or use on payment of fees. On the evidence, the facts of the case, and the lease and occupation of the plaintiff a verdict must pass for the plaintiff. The defendant showed no title, but only what may be called a right to use the beach in common with others, and this could not prevail against the lease granted by the Marine Board with the sanction of the Government or Crown. As there was no approved schedule of fees or duties put in or proved, however (except a notice by plaintiff), a verdict would not be given on these alleged duties, but on the common law right to sue for damages or trespass. It had been shown that the trespass was continued after notice to pay. The plaintiff was entitled to some consideration as a recoup for his expenditure and to resist a trespass by the defendant, who had refused to contribute the small sums demanded by the plaintiff for a public convenience in landing goods, which, without some such rough landing-stage, could not be safely landed in good order and condition. The verdict, therefore, would be for the plaintiff, damages £20 judgement was entered accordingly.
Smith's Latest Implement.
At Pine Point on Thursday last, a successful field trial of a new tilling implement, in the form of an independent-jump disc cultivator, which is the latest production of Mr Clarence H. Smith, of Ardrossan. About fifty farmers attended, and evinced keen interest in the work. The land operated upon was covered with rough, dense mallee scrub, characteristic of this portion of Yorke's Peninsula. The implement, which was drawn by a team of ten bullocks, destroyed strong mallee saplings and shoots, and effectually demonstrated its utility in stony, stumpy, scrub country. Mr F. Clift worked the implement.
THE SEA SCOUTS.
The popularity of the Sea Scout branch of the Boy Scouts' Association was shown during the Easter holidays, by the success of the efforts made by the acting commissioner for the Sea Scout (Mr. J. S. Wainwright), Captain Crosaty, Assistant Sea Scoutmasters Kirkham, Cotton, Nelson, and Hossack, for the instruction and personal enjoyment of the 1st and 2nd Port Adelaide crews of sea scout? and the 1st Australian (O.B.I.) crew, who were in the charge of Assistant Scoutmaster Avery. The ketch Trucanim was chartered for a cruise, and the ship's company numbered 76 Sea Scouts, 7 officers, with a crew of 3, 84 all told. The party were in the charge of Captain Oromarty, and the general secretary (Mr. S. W. Dutton) also attended. Four watches were organised, and they were in charge of Assistant Scoutmasters Avery, CotIon, Nelson, and Hossack. The journey to Black Point took seven hours, during which many tests were passed by the second-class Sea Scout, in blindfold bends and huches, steering, bovine; the compass, chart reading, and the rigs of vessels. On Saturday morning the ketch sailed to Pine Point, where instruction was given in the handling of the 12-oar pinnace, lent by the naval authorities at Largs, and rowing. A sports meeting was held at Pine Point, and prizes were offered. In the evening a Musical concert was given at the institute, for which thanks are due to Mr. and Mrs. Harvey, of Pine Point, and the sum of 83/ was collected for Sir Robert Baden-Powells Sea Scout fund for the Coast watchers in England. Church parade was held at Pine Point on Sunday afternoon. There was a crowded congregation, and the preacher was Mr. Carver, jun. The party left Pine Point on Sunday evening, and the tacks and re-tackes of the vessel took the boys as far north as Great Sandy Point, at the head of the gulf. Rough weather was experienced about midnight on Sunday, and the behaviour of the boys was excellent. The ketch arrived at the Outer Harbor at 6.15 pm. on Easter Monday, and was taken in tow by Captain Bishop, of the tug Surprise, arriving at Port Adelaide at 7 p.m. The con-duct and health of the bojs during the croisa vas excellent, and reflectod great credit upon the skipper (Captain Stephenson). Captain Crosmaty. and the assistant scoutmasters. The assiociation are greatly indebted to the Naval Department at Largs Bay, the All-British League, Mr. Magnus Wald. Captain Stephenson, Mr. William Rix, the Colonial sugar Refining Company, for generous assistance.
HELP FOR THE BELGIANS.
PINE POINT, May 8.— The Muloowurtie Rifle Club gave a social and dance in aid, of the Belgian Relief Fund on April 30 in the Pine Point Hall. Items were given by Misses McNamara and W. Woods. Messes. E. T. Wheare. V. Wheare, W. Woods, and Perks, and Mrs. Harvey. The prizes were distributed to the riflemen, who gained highest marks for class firing. Mr. E. T, Wheare (captain) and Mr. Carver (secretary) were responsible for the arrangement of the excellent programme presented. The ladles provided supper. Mr. Perks gave a bag of piemelons for guessing competition, and 14 was raised by this means, making the total proceeds £2 36/.
SUPREME COURT— CIVIL SITTINGS.
(Before his Honor Mr. Justice Gordon.) Tuesday, July 6. Application for Divorce.
Elizabeth Ellen Henderson, of Tipara, Yorke Peninsula, petitioned for the dissolution of her marriage with Frederick John Henderson, on the grounds of cruelty and his misconduct with Ethel Doran on September 18, 1913, and on other subsequent dates until November 30, 1915, at Pine Point. Yorke Peninsula, and else where. The petition set out that the parties were married on October 10, 1906, at Moonta, and there was one son, Frederick John Harold Henderson, who was born on November 9, 1907. The petitioner, who is seeking the custody of the boy, was represented by Mr. C. M. Muirhead.
Elizabeth Henderson, in evidence, said she and her husband resided for six years at Cunningham. Of the three children born to them two were dead. In 1907, until when they had lived happily together, they proceeded to Pine Point. She was with her husband from July to November, when she was turned out. The respondent was habitually cruel to her during the period referred to. He knocked her down several dimes and threatened to strangle her. She was black and blue with bruises. In reply to his Honor, the witness asserted that she had not given her husband any cause for that treatment. She said he had another girl there.
His Honor — And you objected? .
The Witness— Yes. The respondent once remarked, "I wish I had seen Ethel Doran before I met you. I love her." He added that he would have nothing more to do with the witness. She afterwards went to her father's house, and on several occasions returned to find Ethel Doran in her home. The witness had since earned her living by going out to service. The respondent spent most of the evenings at Doran's place and arrived home late. William George Rowntree, father of the petitioner, gave evidence. His Honor was informed by counsel for the petitioner that he could not call any witness to give corroborative testimony, which his Honor intimated was necessary to the success of the petition. After argument, his Honor adjourned the case until a day to be fixed to allow of evidence in corroboration to be submitted, and advised Mr. Muirhead to alter the petition to make the allegations, 'Misconduct and desertion.'
The Motor World
During tbe week 58 motor vehicles were registered, including 34 motor cars: — 6162. O. B. Hutchinson, Hindmarsh Val ley. 35 h.p. Studebaker. 6163, W. H. Burford, Glenelg, 35 Studebaker. 6164, F. H. Wilsby, Mount Gambier, 20 Ford. 6165, J. V. Whyte, Yalluna, via Tumby Bay. 14-16 Argyll. 6166, G. L. Stephens, Dimboola street, Kensington, 10-12 Humber. 6167, A.E. Banks. Blumberg, 30 Republic lorry. 6168, H. P. Warland, Clare street. Semaphore. 25 Maxwell. 6169, Central Board of Health, Adelaide, 25 Sampson Ambulance. 6170, J. S. Knight, Langhorne's Creek, 16-18 Argyll. 6171, T. Mudge, Streaky Bay, 25 Overland. 6172, F. W. O. Dahl, Mannum, 8 Maurer. 6173, H. G. Mutton, Tantanoola, 30 Overland. 6174/6177, 6174/6177, Cheney Motor Co., Ltd., Waymouth street.6178, 6178, A. Nenke , Angaston, 20 Ford. 6179, J. H. Both & Co., Caltowie, 15 Saxon. 6180, A. S. Hill. Moonta, 20 Ford. 6181, R . E . Sawley, Pine Point, Y.P., 9 Humberette. 6182. E. S., Mackintosh, Kirkcaldy road. Grange , 15-20 Standard. 6183, A. Manley, Saints, 32 Hupmobile. 6184 , W. Manley ,Saints, 32 Hupmobile. 6185, Miss Annie Patterson , Wistow , via Mount Barker, 32 Hupmobile. 6186, W. D. Thomas , Clifton street. Hawthorn. 20 Ford. 6187, Mrs. E. H. Clark , Bordertown, 20 Oakland. 6188, W. R. Penhall, Moonta Mines, 20 Ford. 6189, W. Were , Prospect, 20 Ford. 6190, E. R. Matz. Freezing, 20 Ford. 6191, Annie L. Tucker, Strathalbyn, 20 6192. L . R. Parker, Phillis street , May lands. 20 Ford. 6193. Mrs. B. V. Norman, Aldgate, 12-16 Delahaye. 6194, C. B. Warnes. Woolgangi Station, Burra, 12-15 Newton-Bennett. 6195. J. E. Robinson, Anglo avenue, Parkside, 12-16 Argyll.
THE LATE PTE. J. ALDERMAN.
Pte. Joseph Alderman, second son of Mrs. E. and the late Mr. William Alderman, died of wounds in France on April 22. He was 25 years of age, and was born at Balaklava. After leaving school he went farming with his brother near to Ardrossan, and left the property to join the colours. He was a member of the Anglican Church, and of the Pine Point Rifle Club. Pte. Alderman was highly esteemed for his lovable, modest, and manly qualities. He enlisted in September, 1916, and left Australia the following December with the 8th Reinforcements, 50th Battalion. He had been, wounded once, but returned to France last November, and continued fighting until he fell.
STEAMER AND KETCH.
At 6.40 p.m. on Sunday morning the Melbourne Steamship Company's passenger steamer Dimboola when coming up the Port River ran into the ketch Annie Watt near Schnapper Point. The extent of the damage to tie ketch has not yet been stated, but the skipper at once put her aground for safety. It is stated that both vessels were on their right side with plenty of room to spare, and, it being high water, the ketch could have proceeded some distance further with safety, but she suddenly appeared to cross towards the Dimboola's bow. The steamer was at once put astern, but with such a large vessel it was impossible to check her sufficiently to avoid the impending collision. A report on the occurrence has been sent to the Marine Board. The Annie Watt, which was passing down the river under her own sail, was probably bound for Pine Point. She was in charge of Capt. R. Harvey, and is owned by his father. Messrs. A. and E. Le Messurier are the agents. The Dimboola sustained no damage.
EASTERN YORKE'S PENINSULA WATER SUPPLIES.
MAITLAND, February 7. For some months a scheme has been on foot to help the settlers of the Pine Point district in their water supply, and an officer of the Engineer-in-Chief's Department has been in consultation with the District Council of Yorke's Peninsula with a view to the building of a storage tank at the top of the cliffs, and to pump water from several wells on the beach up to the tank. The past dry season has demonstrated the fact that the supply of water from the existing wells would not be sufficient, and arrangements have now been made to (link two more wells, to line them with galvarized Iron (timber not being available), and then proceed with the erection of the pumping plant. These facts were reported to this week's meeting of the district council by the Chairman (Ci Cane) and Cr. Germein. The Chairman reported also that he had been interviews by several ratepayers of Cunningham and Maitland Wards with regard to improving the water supply at the standpipe on the Maitland-Cunningham boundary. Above this pipe were two others, on each of which there was a heavy strain, and the consequence was that the pressure on the boundary standpipe was exceptionally light. Some of the men carting water had often to wait until 11 p.m. before being able to fill their tanks. He recommended the council to ask the Hydraulic Engineer's Department to erect a galvanized tank there for storage purposes, the council undertaking, as usual, to find the interest on the money spent in the erection and upkeep of such tank. The council approved of the suggestion and the application to the department has been made.
OPENING OF MULOOWURTIE MEMORIAL HALL.
Friday, Sept. 10, was a memorable day at Pine Point, the occasion being the opening of the Muloowurtie Memorial Hall. For more than twelve months the residents had been working to build an Institute in memory of the fallen soldiers from the district. On October last year a memorial stone unveiled by Mr H. G. Tossell, M.P., and September 10 saw the completion of the work in the opening of the building by Mr P. Allen M.P Senator B. Benny had been invited to open the Hall, but had found that pressure of Senate business would not permit him being present, much to the regret of the residents. The Senator sent an apology, and also a handsome donation. The weather in the early morning was most inclement, but later became more favorable. Visitors were present from all the surrounding districts. Messrs. Allen and Tossel were met at Port Vincent on their arrival from Adelaide and motored to the scene, where a large number of people awaited them. The member passed through a guard of honor consisting of the children from both the Pine Point and Sandiands schools in charge of the Head Teachers, Miss Keen and Miss Dart, and wore met at the steps by the President, Mr S. G. Germein. The children sang the "Song of Australia," and, after nicely chosen words, Mr Allen declared the hall opened and congratulated the residents on having erected such a fine monument to the memory of the fallen soldiers. Mr Tossell, in supporting, paid high tribute to the ladies for the noble part they had taken during the war. After the children had sung "God Bless Our Soldiers" Mr Miller, on behalf of the residents presented Mr Allen with a nicely mounted walking stick. The ceremony ended with the National Anthem. The remainder of the afternoon was spent in watching a football match between the Pine Point and Curramulka teams and other sports. Within the hall many stalls were set out, well stocked with fancy goods, sweets, produce, flowers, fruit, etc. Tea was catered for by the ladies.
In the evening the Minlaton Orchestra and Concert Party, under Conductor Thomas, presented a very enjoyable programme consisting of orchestral items and songs by Mrs Porker, Miss Stevenson, Miss Dart and Mr Lodge (duet), and Messers. F. Dingle, R. Tilbrook, and Stan Brown. An address by Mr P. Allen caused mach amusement. The concert alone realised £21. A supper and dance followed. The ladies were worthy of great praise, having spared neither time nor labor to make the function a success. Gross takings £130.
A set of four Peninsula viewettes has just been issued from the "PIONEER" Office. Each viewette contains 9 Peninsula views. The pictures include many interesting photos, including Edithburgh Jetty in 1875, 1915, and 1920. The salt industry is well illustrated, and snapshots of public buildings in Yorketown and Curramulka are also shown. The viewettes can be purchased for 4d. each.
PINE POINT JETTY.
On Monday morning the Government steamer Conqueror arrived at Port Vincent. On board were Mr. Peter Allen, M.P., and Messrs. Searcy and Farquhar, of the Harbors Board. The party left by car for Pine Point, in the Hundred of Muloowurtie, to inspect the site of a proposed jetty for which the residents of that area are strongly agitating.
On March 27 the Methodist Church at Pine Point was the scene of a pretty wedding between Darcy Winnifred, second daughter of Mr. Hughie Bawden, of Sandilands, and Harold Edward (late A.I.F.), second son of Mrs. E. H. Smith, Sandilands, Y.P. The church was nicely decorated by girl friends of the bride, and the Rev. J. Crossley officiated. Mr. Woodrofe played the 'Wedding March.' The bride, who was given away by her father, looked very sweet in white charmeuse and georgette. A coronet of brilliants and orange blossom was worn over the veil, and she carried a sheaf of white flowers with tulle streamers. The two bridesmaids were Mias Oily (sister to the bride), and Miss Freda Smith (sister to the bridegroom). The former wore a dress of apricot crepe de chine and georgette, trimmed with gold tissue and beads. The latter wore a dress of lemon crepe de chine and georgette, trimmed with silver tissue and beads. Both bridesmaids wore gold brooches set with aquamarines, the gift of the bridegroom. A reception was held after the ceremony in the institute, which was decorated with blue and white, the bridegroom's battalion colors. Several friends rendered musical and vocal items. After a most pleasant evening the happy couple left by motor for Mount Gambler. The bride's travelling dress was of navy blue Jersey silk, with radium lace, with steel bead trimming, also navy and steel blue hat.
CURRAMULKA V. PINE POINT.
CURRAMULKA April 21—On Saturday 11 members of the Mascot Tennis Club motored to Mr. L. L. Davey's farm at Muloowurtie, and there engaged the Pine Point team.. The home team easily defeated the visitors, who won only two sets. Scores: — Miss Norman and Mrs. Gifford (Curramulka) lost to Mesdames Harvey and P. W. E Schmidt, 5 — 0; Mrs. Kleeman and Miss Tucker lost to Miss Thompson and Mrs. H. Schmidt, 5 — 6; Miss Norman lost to Miss Thompson 3 — «6 Mrs. Gifford lost to Mrs. P. W. E. Schmidt, 5 — 6: Mrs. Kleeman lost to Mrs. Harvey, 2— 0; Miss E. Tucker beat Mrs. H. E. Schmidt, 6—2; Miss G: Lockyer beat Miss Hooper, 6 — 3; W. H. French and E. L. Goldsworthy lost to Hill and Davey, 3 — 6; H. L. Gifford and N. E. Kleeman lost to Davey and S. B. Germein, 2__6; J. M. Fraser and N. Kleeman lost to Pearson and Pearson, 5 — 6; W. H. French lost to Hill, 4— 6; E. L. Goldsworthy lost to L. Davey, 3 — 6; H. L. Gifford lost to Davey, 2 — 6; N. E. Kleeman lost to S. R. Germein, 3 — 6.
Totals: — Pine Point, 12 sets, 77 games; Curramulka, 12 sets, 34 games.
Image courtesy of Peter Davey
LATE OBITUARY. Mrs. W. G. F. Where.
Mrs. W. G. F. Wheare, whose death was announced recently, was born in January, 1855, at Strathalbyn, and was a daughter of the late Mr. and Mrs. G. Thompson, of Kapunda and Renmark. She was married in July, 1878, to George, second son of the late Henry Wheare of Kapunda, and they resided there for some years. In 1889 they went to Black Point, Yorke's Peninsula, where she lived until 1918. After a few years spent in Adelaide they returned to Ardrossan, where she lived up to the time of her death. Mrs. Wheare was a member of the Methodist Church, and took keen interest in all church work. She has left a husband, four sons—Messrs. H. G. (Mylor), E. T. (Ardrossan), F. C. (Black Point), V. B. (Kooringa)—two daughters —Mesdames M. B. Davey (Black Point) and L. L. Davey (Ardrossan)—and 28 grandchildren.
MR. W. G. WHEARE.
Mr. W. G. Wheare whose death was announced recently, was the second son of Mr. Henry Wheare, of Kapunda. He was born in 1851, and married the eldest daughter, of Mr. George Thompson, of the same town. In 1887 he went to Black Point, Yorke Peninsula, where he took up land, which he held until 1918. He sold out and went to live at Payneham. Later he moved to Gawler, and finally settled at Ardrossan. Mr. Wheare's chief sport was yachting, and when residing at Black Point he contributed several cups to the South Australian Yacht Squadron as prizes for the Easter race in Black Point Bay. Mr. Wheare had been a Freemason since 1897.
Mr. Thomas Henry Davey died on Tuesday at his residence. Main North road, Prospect, at the age of 75. He was born at Angaston and was the eldest son of Mr. Thomas Henry Davey. He was married on March 4, 1873, to Miss Elizabeth A. Mayfield, daughter of Mr. George Mayfield, of Kulpara, and formerly of Port Elliot. The officiating minister was the Rev. J. H. Trevorrow. Mr. and Mrs. Davey lived at Moonta, Kulpara, Windsor, and Ardrossan. At the last named place he was a local preacher and superintendent of the Pine Point Sunday School for a number of years. He remembered Yorke Peninsula when neither Maitiand nor MinIaton existed. He and his wife celebrated their golden wedding two years ago. The family are Messrs. A. E. Davey (Riverton), C. M. Davey (Balaklava), M. B., H. H. and L. L. Davey (Ardrossan), and E. T. Davey (Kulpara), Mesdames J. Silver (Goodwood Park), A. J. Pearce (Cleve), R. E. Sawley (Hilltown), D. J. Sanders (Ardrossan), and Mrs. S. W. Warner (Prospect).
DAVEY. — On the 19th of January, at her late residence, 236 Main North road, Prospect, Elizabeth Alice, dearly loved widow of Thomas Henry Davey, and loving mother of Edith, Albert (deceased), Clarence, Ella, Bert, Harold, Les, Violet, Olive, Edwin, and Grace. In her 87th year.
Image Mr. and Mrs Thomas Henry Davey
Image courtesy of Peter Davey
A GOLDEN WEDDING. Mr. and Mrs. T. H Davey.
Amilcar Performance .
Drummond's Autos Limited has received an interesting letter from Mr. Bourne of Pine Point, near Ardrossan, regarding a fine performance, by the 8/35 Amilcar owned by him. This car has done 12,000 miles, and on examination of the engine it was found that it was in such perfect condition that all that could be spent on it was 17/. Mr Bourne, who is an engineer, states that he is more than satisfied with his Amilcar. On petrol mileage it has been most economical averaging 52 miles to the gallon. The car has been subjected to severe tests on the roads. Mr. Bourne has travelled in it on many occasions from Pine Point to Adelaide.
Presentation at Pine Point
A concert was held in Pine Point Institute to raise funds for the kindergarten, to be built at the back of the church. Mrs. A. Sparrow (kindergarten leader) organised the concert and secured the services of talented members from the neighboring districts in addition to local artists. Children's items figured largely on the programme, and the result was a most enjoyable evening.
A cake stand was presented to Mrs. L. S. Davey, who has been for many years the Sunday school organist and a zealous performecr of her duties. Mr. H. H. Davey (Sunday school superintendent) spoke appreciatively of her services and called on Miss Lois Walker, a scholar, to make the presentation. Mr. Davey responded on behalf of his wife.
The sum of £10 was raised.
Image courtesy of Peter Davey
Do you recognise anybody in this photo?
DIAMOND WEDDING Celebration at Pine Point.
Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Henderson, of Pine Point, celebrated their diamond wedding in the presence of numerous friends and relatives. Mr. Henderson spent his youth on the Adelaide Plains, chiefly in and round Salisbury, and in 1866 went to Green's Plains, which then contained one hotel, one house, and several tents. In 1869.
Mr. Henderson married Miss Harriet Kelly, of Dry Creek, and permanently took up his residence on Yorke's Peninsula, at a time when kangaroos supplied fresh meat.
Twenty-seven years ago the couple settled at Pine Point, where they still have their house.
They have many interesting reminiscences of the long struggles in their pioneering days, of fire, which destroyed all their worldly goods, and of floods, which swept away even the batch of bread prepared for the oven.
Despite the hardships of pioneering they reared a family of 10 children, nine of whom are living, and all except two are residents of Yorke's Peninsula. They are Messrs. W. T Henderson (Pine Point). F. J. Henderson (Pine Point), R. H. Henderson (Wauraltee), C. J. Henderson (Pine. Point), E. A. Henderson (Port Vincent), T. G. J. Henderson (Port Vincent), and Mesdames George Allen (Yorketown), E. Cadd (Kangaroo Island), and N. K. Rowntree (Pinnaroo).
There are 36 grandchildren and 14 greatgrandchildren.
HILLSIDE COPPER MINE AT MULOOWURTIE.
This mine is situated eight miles South of Ardrossan, and about a mile and a half from the sea coast. About 40 years ago the late Mr Hill, the original holder of this land, ploughed up a stump on the roots of which pieces of green carbonate of copper were hanging. He put down an open cut to a depth of eighteen feet, from which he extracted and sold to Port Adelaide 28 cwt of ore.
Over a period of years his sons sank a shaft to a depth of 87 feet in the hope of finding the lode. Although they traversed fifteen feet of green stains, assaying five per cent, copper, they failed to locate the lode.
In 1907 two brothers named Phillips tried the divining rod over the property and decided to sink a new shaft about ,30 feet south of that sunk by the Hill brothers. They went down 60 feet, but discovered that they could not secure a lease as the land and mineral rights had both been sold by the Government to Mr Hill, and he had died leaving the property in trust, and so they abandoned their efforts without striking the lode.
In 1915, a Mr Murphy, who had done a lot of mining in Victoria, came on the scene. He was keenly interested at first sight, and set to work backed up by a local syndicate. He drove in from Phillips' old shaft at the 60 feet level to a distance of 27 feet, where he cut the lode; here he sank a winze to a depth of 40 feet, and then cross-cut the lode. In 1916 he sold two parcels of ore to the Wallaroo Mining Co. One parcel of 19. cwt went 15 per cent, copper, and the second of 12.5 cwt gave 29.43 per cent.
He and the members of the syndicate decided to have an inspection by the Mines Department. Mr Henry Jones, of that department paid them a visit on the 14th November, 1916. His report, as given in the Review of Mining operations during the half-year ended December 1916 is very favorable indeed. From the lowest workings Mr Jones took five samples across the line of lode; these showed;—(1) 12 feet of lode 3.5 per cent, copper; (3) inches in centre of lode, 44 per cent, copper and 1 oz 6 dwts silver; (2) 2 3.5 feet of lode 4.5 per cent, copper, 1 dwt gold; (4) 6in. vein from footwall 22.7 per cent, copper, 1 oz 8 dwt silver; (5) 6in. vein from hanging wall 25.9 per cent, copper, 1 oz 6 dwts silver.
Mr Jones says—"The ore channel is from 8 to 10 feet wide with two well defined walls." "The formation appears likely to persist." "The high quality of the ore is of a very encouraging nature."' "The development as regards the copper lode is very promising, especially at the 100ft. level, where the formation is wide, containing seams of high quality ore with fair indications that the ore channel will prove extensive. For a prospecting show the prospects are of a very encouraging nature."
On the strength of this report by such an experienced and upright man, Mr Murphy and his friends attempted to float a company, but found first that the Government would not allow it on account of war conditions, and secondly they discovered that they had not got an indefeasible lease.
After the war much time and money was spent attempting to rectify the lease, but as the miner and two other leaders died, the affair lapsed, and the mine was left as inspected by Mr Jones until the beginning of June, when Mr F. G. Filmer and a party of friends came on the scene. After some delay a lease for fifty years on good conditions was secured, and registered. A party of Kadina miners have cleared up and pumped out the old workings. They were found as left by Mr Murphy in 1916.
During the last few weeks the winze has been put down another 15 feet. Three assays of the ore gone through have given 18.30 (per cent, 22.5 per cent., and 31.7 per cent. Since these samples were tried much richer ore has shown up, which has not been assayed yet. On the south end of the winze there is now showing a seam of bornite over five feet high from the bottom of the workings upwards, which runs from two feet to three feet in its widest places. On the north end of the same hole there are three seams showing one of blue carbonate, one of green, and one of bornite. They are each about six inches wide.
On the surface there are now several tons of ore of all the shades and kinds known. The idea of those working this mine has been first to secure the mine on a good lease; second to prove it worthy of exploitation, and then to offer the chance to any people sufficiently interested to capitalize and work it for the good of the country.
This time seems to have now almost arrived. An officer from the department of mines is due to inspect it now, and upon his report and advice action will be taken.
In the opinion of those operating this mine, the old shaft sunk by Phillips' brothers should be sunk another 90 or 100 feet, the whole, from the surface timbered up, and a drive put in to cut the lode 50 or 60 feet below the present lowest workings, where the various high grade seams now showing irregularly should have made solid.
On Thursday, September 26, a Gala Day in aid of a sunday-school building was held. It was a great success, and attracted a crowd of people. The takings amounted to £108. Various competitions were held. The Ugly Man Competition was won by Mr. Ralph Williams, with votes amounting to £53/17/6; Doll Bride Competition by Mr. Lyle Davey; Nail Driving by Mr. Alf. Oats, and the Candle Lighting by Mr. Andrew Clift. The Secretary wishes to thank all those who made the day such a success.
Image Courtesy of Peter Davey
Copper at Pine Point.
Copper has been found at Pine Point, near Ardrossan. A company known as The Hillside Copper Mining Co. N.IL, has been formed and is now working the claim on Mr. Hill's farm at Pine Point. The idea of the promoters is to absorb labor on a profitable basis. Every miner to be a shareholder, compulsorily. There are 170 miners at Kadina receiving rations. The company expect to absorb these and many more, when the plant is in full work. The result of smelting 32 tons ore showed —4.3 tons of copper. 23 oz silver. 1.75 ozs gold. This 32 tons was taken from shallow workings and shipped to Port Kembla. If sufficient money can be raised it is intended to erect smelters on the property. Mr. Filmer, the representative of the company, visited this district on Thursday. He said they were hoping to raise the necessary capital on Yorke Peninsula. From all accounts this mine promises to out-rival the famous Wallaroo Mines.
CURRAMULKA. PINE POINT.
A fancy dress ball was arranged by Miss Doris Hunt to raise funds for the Pine Point Institute. The Peninsula Dance Band supplied the music. Prizes were awarded as follows:—Best-dressed ladies. Misses Hitchcock; best couple, Mr. Harrop and Miss Doris Hunt; most original character. Mrs. Harold Williams; humorous pair. Miss D. Stevens and Mrs. L. Brockman; best sustained character (lady). Miss Coleman, (gentleman). Mr. H. McPherson; best set. Misses Pear 1 Germein, A. Martin, C. Cameron and Gwen Germein, Messrs. Bob Lattimer. C. Belamy. R. Germein and Jack Cameron. The proceeds totalled £15.
IMPROVEMENTS AT PINE POINT.
Improvements of £3,400 have been to the Port of Pine Point, on Yorke Peninsula.
The work consisted of raising the old landing area by three feet, building a wharf on three sides, and improving the gradient of the road leading down the face of the cliff. The layer of moorings for ketches and a small amount of dredging has still to be done. There was a proposal to build a jetty 1,000 ft. long to permanent water level, but the cost of this was deemed to be more than the trade warranted. Trade to the port has increased during recent years and now it will be possible to ship 3,000 bags of wheat.
Shock After Operation Causes Death.
Mrs. Lillian Edith May Gill, aged 53 of Pine Point, Yorke's Peninsula, died from post-operative shock and acute heart disease while under an anaesthetic at Adelaide Hospital on July 22.
This was the finding returned by the coroner (Mr. S. D. Ronald. S.M.) at an inquest today into the cause of death,.
Evidence was given that Mrs. Gill camel to Adelaide from Pine Point on July 18. She was operated on for gall stones on the following day. On July 22 it was found necessary to operate again to drain the wound, and she collapsed under the anaesthetic.
A Trip Down Yorke's Peninsula.
Although we intended to spend the night at Ardrossan we heard that Pine Point was a likely spot at which to catch fish so away we went again to this place about 12 miles from Ardrossan. From now on the country got more interesting and we were travelling along well-made roads fringed with ti-tree on either side. The road stuck pretty close to the coast too and we had a good view of the sea nearly all the way. Pine Point is a tiny fishing village and the fishermen's shanties are sit uated right at the foot of the cliffs which at this part are about 60 feet high. These shanties, are unique in one respect, and that is that their builders seem to have been artists in making use of old kero and petrol tins. They have made fences of them, enclosed verandahs, fowl houses, and sleeping-quarters. We introduced ourselves to one fisher man who said he would have taken us out in his cutter, providing the wea ther had not been so rough, and if the engine had been in going order, and if his boat had not been practically high and dry. The fellows at Pine Point seem to take life pretty easily and would rather lie on the sands and talk than work. Time is nothing at Pine Point. Anyway after camp was pitched and we had partaken of a jolly good meal consisting of grilled chops and chipped potatoes, we arranged to hire a 16 ft. dingy the next day, which we did and caught about a dozen snook (a fish averaging from 18 inches to two feet long). We would have got more only one of one of the party felt a bit sick as a result of the tossing about of the boat. Above we said that the people at Pine Point were not energetic, or words to that effect, in so doing we omitted to mention the boy of 14 years who came in the boat with us and insisted on pulling it about for at least three hours. Pine Point also has a great crabbing beach, but a dog belonging to one of the fishermen took the bun as far as crab catching was concerned. He would wander round in the water and as soon as he came to a black patch of sand with a crab buried in it would let the world know. He never made a mistake either.
MAN DROWNED AT ARDROSSAN
Young Wife In Plucky Attempt At Rescue PLUNGED INTO ROUGH SEA
ARDROSSAN, June 22.
Archie Henderson, of Pine Point, was drowned in tragic circumstances yesterday. He had been spending the week-end with friends of his wife at Ardrossan, and was returning yesterday afternoon in a sailing dinghy with his wife and her young sister. When near Rogue's Point he landed his wife and sister-in-law on account of the rough sea and seasickness, and endeavored to weather the reef alone, intending to pick them up on the othet side. However, the high wind broke the sail away, and the boat capsized, and Henderson, who was not a good swimmer, clung to the craft. His young wife attempted to swim out to help him, but was buffeted back by the rough sea. Mr. Henderson signalled her to run for help to Mr, Keith Brown, about two miles distant, and she left her sister to watch. The girl said that she saw Mr. Henderson undress and jump into the sea and then lost sight of him. His mangled body was found about 10 pm. yesterday. It was buried this afternoon at Ardrossan.
At Ungarra, Jean, eldest daughter of Mr. and Mrs. A. Cochrane, and Mr. C. E. Bourne, of Pine Point, were married by the Rev. E. W Dilena, of Tumby Bay. The service was fully choral. Mr. Theobald played the piano. and Mr. S. Illman was usher.
The bride, who was given away by her father, wore a frock of heavy, white satin cut with a high neck, banded with a wide band of plaiting. Small buttons trimmed the back of the frock from the neck to the waistline. Full sleeves fitted tight from the elbow, with buttons from the elbow to the wrist. The skirt merged into a train.
Miss Isabel Cochrane (bride's sister) and Miss May Laurie (cousin of the bride) were the bridesmaids. They were frocked in pink satin, one slightly deeper than the other. The bodices were gathered into a band of self-plaiting at the neck.
New Hall, Pine Point.
The foundation stone laying of a new Sunday school and church porch will take place next Tuesday 9th August, at Pine Point, in the Ardrossan Circuit.
The ceremony will commence at 3.30. The Rev. B H. Philips will occupy the chair, and will introduce Mrs T. H. Davey sen, a pioneer of the district, who will lay the stone.
Then will a high tea in the institute hall, to be followed by a social gathering.
The need for this hall and porch have been felt for many years in the working of the Sunday school and church activities. Visitors, will be very welcome at Pine Point on the 9th.
BOAT'S REMARKABLE FEAT
Crosses Gulf With No One Aboard
After having crossed St. Vincent Gulf from near Ardrossan with sails hoisted and the engine running, but nobody on board, the 19-ft. fishing launch Centenary ran ashore on Semaphore beach near the jetty on Saturday, about four hours after she had escaped from her owner, a Pine Point fisherman, who was left stranded in his dinghy when the painter slipped.
On Thursday night, about three miles offshore, near Ardrossan, 17year-old Colin Rooney, who had been fishing from the Centenary, had the launch under way with a dinghy alongside. When he stepped into the dinghy the painter slipped, casting off the dinghy, and the launch, with her engines running, drew away, heading east towards Adelaide. Frantically Rooney rowed after his runaway boat, but soon had to give up the chase. Exhausted, he rested in the dinghy for a time, and then rowed seven miles back to Pine Point, arriving there early the following morning. On Friday another launch searched the gulf for the missing Centenary, but found no trace of her. About noon on Saturday the fishing boat was found on Semaphore beach. Apparently, with her rudder set amidships and a following wind varying from south-east to northwest, she had cruised straight across the gulf until her petrol had given out, and had then drifted the remainder of the 40 miles to Semaphore.
Port Augusta Collision.
Judgment for £1,465 8/6 for Kenneth Kitchener Bourne, 40, blacksmith, of Pine Point, Yorke Peninsula, was given in his action in the Supreme court last week, for an unspecified sum of damages against Spero Speridon, fruiterer, of Goodwood road, Wayville. Defendants counter-claim for £35 6/3 was dismissed. Plaintiff's claim was for a fractured skull and other injuries received in a collision between the motor car and defendant's motor truck on the road between Port Augusta and Whyalla.
NEWS IN BRIEF .
Friday, Aug. 24, 1945. Cards and Dancing at Mrs Ferg Haywood's to-night (Friday)
Dance at Pine Point Hall tonight (Friday)
The second semi final will be played at Minlaton tomorrow (Saturday), between teams from Western United and Curramulka.
Don't forget the Entertainment by the Port Vincent Carol Club at Curramulka tomorrow (Saturday) night, in aid of the School Funds. Dance to follow (no supper).
Yorketown Sub-Branch of RSL meets at Diggers Club, Yorketown, tomorrow (Saturday)
CYP Sub-Branch, RSL, meets next Tuesday
Minlaton Institute Ball next Wednesday evening
The interview with Flt. Lt. 'Brose Tonkin, advertised for Aug. 15th, was postponed on account of the VP Day celebrations until next Wednesday, Aug. 29th, at 8.15 p.m. Ambrose will be questioned about countries visited, people met and work done. This should prove very interesting, and it is hoped that a good muster of friends will attend.
School Holidays begin Thursday, Aug. 30th.
"Consent" Cards for parents desirous of having their children immunised against diphtheria are now available from the District Clerk (Mr E. E. Lloyd ), Yorketown
Mr. Ray H. Cross, of Minlaton, who has been on the sick list for some weeks, has now returned very much improved in health, and intends to re-open his hardware shop in Main Street immediately.
Search For Missing Fisherman.
ARDROSSAN, Jan. 14. Wreckage of a fishing boat in which Colin Carden Rooney, 29, fisherman, of Pine Point, set out on a fishing trip from his home early yesterday, was found three miles north of Ardrossan late this afternoon. Parties of searchers from Port Adelaide, Port Wakefield, Ardrossan and Pine Point, assisted by an RAAF plane, were directed by Mounted Constable Nichols today. The search will be resumed at 6 a.m. tomorrow by volunteer beach and sea patrols, covering the coast from Price to Black Point. Rooney's boat, a 14-footer, carries a mast and is painted blue. Trouble was recently experienced with the engine.
No Trace Of Missing Fisherman.
ARDROSSAN, January 15. Although the search will continue tomorrow, hope has been abandoned of finding alive the Pine Point fisherman, Colin Rooney, 27, who has been missing since Tuesday. Eleven boats, an RAAF plane from Mallala, and beach patrols on horseback combed an area from Pine Point to Price today. A tiller and the top of a boat well, which were found by beach searchers today, were identified tonight by Mr. Lloyd Rooney, brother of the missing man, as belonging to the boat. An engine box cover and petrol can found yesterday have also been identified. Beach patrols will continue today under the direction of Mounted Constable G. W. Nichols, of Ardrossan.
Drowns in sheep dip.
A two-year-old boy was drowned in a sheep dip on his father's farm at Pine Point, near Ardrossan, on Saturday. He was Robert McSkimming, younger child of Mr. and Mrs. C. J. B. McSkimming. The child accompanied his father to the sheep yards, where employes were dipping. A minute or two after farmhands drove the sheep away from the dip the child was missed. The men ran to the 6-ft. dip, and found the child submerged. He was rushed 11 miles to Ardrossan Hospital, where the nursing staff and Mounted Constable Nichols applied artificial respiration, but he did not respond. Constable Nichols is preparing a report for the coroner (Mr. P. T. Sanders).
Power for Pine Point Factory
Bourne's Engineering Co. Pine Point, will soon have their works functioning under one roof again at that centre. About eighteen months ago, part of the work was moved to Ardrossan to take advantage of the electric power there. Now it is being moved back to Pine Point, where it is expected the power will be available within a fortnight. Wires are being strung in Pine Point now.
Interesting Holiday Trip.
Last week Messrs. Jack Dunn and Albert Wheare, of Arno Bay, motored to Pine Point, Yorke Peninsula, to Mr. Wheare's home-town, where they were the guests of Mr. and Mrs. Reg Wheare. They called at Mr. V. Wheares property at Curramulka.
Mr Dunn was very interested in the automatic kerosene refrigerator control which Mr. Reg Wheare has recently patented. The control is worked through a 32-voIt lighting plant and only about 1/2 amp of electricity is used.
At Pine Point the traveler went through the Borne Elevator foundry. Mr. Wheare renewed acquaintances with his school pal Jack Bourne, the owner.
Novel Farm Unit for Demonstration at Ardrossan
WHAT must be one of the most ingenious and most useful farm units yet devised will be demonstrated near Ardrossan next Thursday. Invented by Mr. A. L. Davey, Pine Point, it is a multi-purpose heavy duty steel trailer chassis with, at present, three interchangeable tops.
They comprise an all steel tipping top, with sideboards; a four to five hundred gallon crop sprayinp or fuel or water carting tanker unit and a bin for bulk grain receival. The latter can be supplied in two sizes: 30 bag capacity for use on a predominantly hilly country and 36 bag capacity for normal use. In a view of the importance of bulk handling on the Peninsula now, this unit is going to be very popular. In its trailer form, it acts as a general purpose trailer for farm haulage; it can be attached to tractors.
Sturdily constructed, the main chassis rides on tyres w .25x20 10 ply; it has a smaller third wheel at the front.
The tops are quite easily changed, tilting back to rest vertically on the ground while master pins are withdrawn. Little physical effort is involved, as they are scientifically balanced.
Mr. Davey, who has been farmer all his life, said this week that he designed units in his search for bulk bin that would not be lying idle through the year.
He built up the trailer and then designed the three tops to make it more useful, giving him three pieces of equipment in one. Some of his neighbouring farmers were so taken with the idea that he decided to take out a provisional patent on his invention and commence manufacturing it.
He demonstrated it at a Mallala field day at the end of July, where, although bulk reaping is not practised to any extent, farmers generally were very interested in it as a trailer and tanker unit for general farm work.
The demonstration next a Thursday (on Mr. L. L. s Davey's property, about nine miles south of Ardrossan on the main coast road) will be the first public demonstration on Yorke Peninsula.
Details of the cost of the units supplied to us by Mr. Davey provide some interesting comparisons.
To purchase a trailer, tanker unit and bulk body, of comparable structure, could cost £800 or more.
This multi-purpose trailer with the three units sells for about £525. The cost a without the tanker top, Mr. S Davey said, would be about £440. He said the two that would probably be of chief interest would be the tilting bin and trailer.
They are being manufactured in the farm workshop at present, but production cannot be accelerated until the AC power supply is connected, which expected soon. The man doing the welding has had factory production line exerience, Mr. Davey said.
It would not be possible o make up many units for his harvest, but he hoped ore would be available for next year. Several Adelaide firms would undertake subcontracts for part of the structure.
A new Bourne elevator is to be used in conjunction with the units at the demnstration on Thursday; it as hoped that Bourne equipment and the multiurpose trailer could form in exhibit at the Maitland show this year.
Courtesy of Peter Davey
Tennis Club Ball.
About 200 people attended the Pine Point Tennis Club Ball, held recently. Proceeds of £40 will go toward funds for the recently built shelter shed. During the evening paper caps were sold, the winning cap being held by Mr. Fred Longbottom. Results of the evening were so encouraging that the organisers have decided to hold a New Year's Eve Ball on December 31st.
Pine Point School Class of 1955
Teacher Ken Cock
Peter Davey, Malcolm Germein, Murray Hean, Graham Sparrow, Malcolm Where, Lawrence Hale, Allan Thompson, Rod Hawke, Brenton Hand.
Sue McKay, Carmel McSkimming, Evelyn Wilkinson, Pereen Rooney, Susan Vinecombe, Brenda Thomas, Jessie Thompson, Alice Thompson, Denise Magor, Lesley Wilkinson, Christine Germein.
Russell Gibb, Thomas McKay, Robert Thomas, Billy Thompson, Austin Bourne, David Hale, Denver Hand.
Courtesy of Peter Davey