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Books about Muloowurtie

Muloowurtie Centenary 1874-1974 (1974)

Pine Point - SA Memory

Pine Point is a popular holiday area good for fishing sailing and crabbing. Pine Point attracted settlers well in advance of the proclamation of Muloowurtie in 1874. Sheep were overlanded from the eastern side of the Gulf and where the mallee scrub was too thick for their passage, they were moved along the beach at Black Point at low tide. The first flock arrived in 1846. As the scrub was rolled the land was opened up and dams and tanks were excavated. When these dried over the summer months, water was carted from wells at Pine Point. Later agriculture arrived on the peninsula and Pine Point became one of the many small ports where the ketches could pull in and be loaded directly from the drays. Later a small wharf was built which enabled the ketch to remain in deeper water. A chute or slide was installed in 1927, which greatly facilitated the loading. In October 1967 the ketch Yongala took the last cargo of grain off from Pine Point, sailing across the Gulf to Port Adelaide. Bulk grain handling facilities at Ardrossan, Wallaroo and Port Giles had gradually and irrevocably supplanted the ketch trade and the small ports of the peninsula.

District Council of Yorke Peninsula - History of Pine Point

Pine Point was so named because of the large number of native pines growing here. Place Names of South Australia.

Erected on the cliff top is a memorial marking the Centenary of the District of Muloowurtie 1874-1974. Mounted thereon is a bronze plaque showing Clydesdale horses, also a ceramic depicting the ketch "Anne Watt."
On it is inscribed:


In the cliffs just to the north of Pine Point occurs a white, Kaolin-rich clay. It is the type of clay used in the making of porcelain and bone china. In 1912 a company was to be formed for the making of fire bricks. A capital of $300,000 was to be raised but the scheme never eventuated*.
*Maitland Watch, 15th November, 1912.

In the 1950's the Department of Mines investigated and estimated that about 300,000 tonnes of kaolinized aplite lay about 17 metres beneath the surface. Of this it was estimated about 66,000 tonnes of high grade clay could be extracted*. The deposit still remains untouched.
*Geology of Yorke Peninsula, Page 76.

The name for the district, "Muloowurtie," is an aboriginal word meaning "a native rat hole." *
*Australian Aboriginal Words and their Meanings.

Pine Point

The Aboriginal name for Pine Point was narnuworti - ‘pine point’. Resin from the trees called narnujako was used by the Aborigines for shafting their stone knives.

Pine Point School opened as ‘Muloowurtie’ in 1901; name changed in 1941 and closed in 1971.
In 1904, a perturbed resident asked for ‘permission to call the attention of the public in the Hundred of Mooloowurtie... to the injustice of the Marine Board’s action in granting to E.C. May power to erect a jetty at or near Pine Point’:

In my opinion no such power should be granted to any private individual before calling a meeting of ratepayers directly concerned and obtaining their views on such an important work... A wharf at Pine Point was established by Mr J.F. Harvey who had vested interests in several ketches.

Over a period of five years he built five landings in the vicinity but eventually confined his activities to Pine Point where he leased land from the Harbors Board. When the lease expired it was not renewed. In 1927, the Harbors Board made extensive alterations by dredging berths and channels, erecting a new shed and a cutting leading to the wharf. The new facilities were completed in 1930. The wharf itself was 64 metres long and was last used commercially in 1967.

PRG-280-1-27-186pine point

Arthur Searcy, President of the Harbors Board and the Marine Board of South Australia photographed with other members during a visit to a beach south of Ardrossan, South Australia; they sit and stand on and around a horse drawn cart being watched by a friendly dog

State Library of South Australia - PRG 280/1/27/186


Ketch waiting for grain 1927 - State Library of South Australia - B 30527


PINE POINT: Men loading bagged barley from a truck on to large stacks waiting for collection from Pine Point, South Australia 1933

State Library of South Australia - B 63237


Distant view of the jetty and small sailing craft at Pine Point in the Hundred of Muloowurtie, South Australia 1920

State Library of South Australia - PRG 280/1/33/131


Horse team pulling a wagon through shallow sea water to a waiting ship off Pine Point, Yorke Peninsula, South Australia 1915

State Library of South Australia - PRG 280/1/12/26


PINE POINT : The harbour 1913 State Library of South Australia - B 57255


Pine Point Landing 1907 - State Library of South Australia - B 11014


Saturday 23 September 1882, Adelaide Observer (SA : 1843 - 1904) Trove

At a public meeting of selectors in the southern portion of the above hundred which was held at Mr. A. J. Williams's residence a few days since there was a fair attendance. Mr. J. Lamb, who was voted to the chair, stated that the greater portion of southern Muloowurtie had now been selected, occupied, and cultivated, and he thought the time had now arrived for them to request the Government to grub and clear roads for them, as they were so thickly timbered it was quite impossible to use them until cleared. Some of them had rolled and chopped the tracks through the scrub, so that they could be used to travel over on horseback; and he thought it would not be asking the Government to do too much to clear them and make them available to cart their produce to a port of shipment. Mr. W. McDonald proposed—" That a petition be prepared and signatures obtained, and that it be forwarded to the Commissioner of Crown Lands, asking that the road from the south-eastern corner of Section 11, Hundred of Muloowurtie, thence east to south-east corner of same, thence south alongside Sections 122 and 123, Hundred of Curramulka, be cleared to the road running to Port Julia." The roads were, in their present natural state, quite unfit for traffic. As it was, they had to avail themselves of the cut survey line, and they were all well aware that it was extremely dangerous. Mr. John Hales seconded, and testified to great inconvenience in not having the road in question cleared, as that was the most direct road for them to a port of shipment Port Julia; The proposition was carried unanimously. The Chairman said the next matter for consideration was to ask the Government to erect a small jetty at Port. Julia, which was the nearest place of shipment to them in that port, and if a jetty were erected there it would accommodate a great number of farmers in the northern portion of Curramulka. Mr. A. J. Williams proposed— " That the Government be asked to erect a jetty at Port Julia, and that the following gentlemen act as a deputation with the Curramulka gentlemen to wait upon the Commissioner of Public Works and represent the case, and urge the Government to do something Messrs. J. Lamb. J. P. Polkinghorne, A. J. Williams, W. McDonald, and Bartlett." Mr. T. Winter seconded. Mr. McDonald supported, and added that a jetty of about 200 feet would meet their requirements, and the cost of that would not be excessive, taking into consideration that Ardrossan, north seventeen miles away, was the nearest jetty to them, and Port Vincent (private) nine miles south. The proposition was put and carried. A lengthy discussion ensued on the advisability of water conservation being provided at Port Julia; but as it was useless for this season it was decided to ask the Government to make provision for storing water there for the following season. A discussion also took place on the necessity of the Government taking measures to enforce the cultivation on the scrub sections taken up by speculators, who outbid the farmer and then asked large profits on the same. He thought the Government should enforce the cultivation clause, or compel the surrendering of same, and probably the laud would fall into the hands of some farmer who would cultivate it. Thanks to the Chair and Press closed the proceedings.


Thursday 7 August 1884, South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900) Trove

A deputation of selectors from the Hundred of Muloowurtie waited on the Commissioner of Crown Lands (Hon. J. Coles) an Wednesday morning to bring under his notice the urgent need said to exist for roads, reservoirs, and approaches in that district Mr. Caldwell, M.P., introduced the deputation, and stated that public reservoirs were urgently required by the settlers in the Muloowurtie Hundred, as owing to the nature of the ground it was extremely difficult to obtain water. The requirements would be met, by the construction of two dams, one on, the road between sections 92 and 93, and the other between sections 12 and 13. A deputation had accordingly been appointed to wait on the Commissioner, and ask him if he would undertake the construction of the works named. For the convenience of carting produce to a port of shipment, and for means of communication between adjacent sections, it was also considered a matter of urgent necessity by the selectors in the neighbourhood, who were now very numerous, and had a large area of land under crop, that certain roads marked in the plan, submitted by the deputation should be cleared without delay, and that approaches to Pine Point wells should be made. The Government were further requested to survey a line of allotments down to high-water mark, for the convenience of erecting sheds for the protection of the stacked produce, and to make a road for approaching the boats with teams. A series of resolutions had been adopted at a meeting of residents held on the 22nd ult., embodying the different requests which he read.

Mr. Earle explained that the cliffs in the Hundred of Mooloowurtie had an elevation of from twenty feet to 100 feet, and cuttings had accordingly to be made to allow the drays to get to the water. Selectors were put to a very great deal of inconvenience owing to this. They had so far constructed the approaches to the boats themselves. These, however, were insufficient to meet the required wants, as they were only able to get up between 6 cwt. or 7 cwt, of stuff at a time. They wanted a cutting made to enable them to get up a full cargo. To effect this only about a chain and a half additional cutting would be required.

Mr. Kapples having also pointed out the necessity for clearing the roads named in the plan to facilitate the carting operations.

The Commissioner said that he had seen the memorial presented by the residents, and expected to receive a report on the subject from, the officers of the department. The request for the construction of reservoirs seemed to him a reasonable one, and he had little doubt that it would be complied with. The clearing of the roads and the construction of approaches to Pine Point wells were matters which would involve some cost, and it would be necessary for him to consult his colleagues before giving a decided answer. He did not know whether he would be able to clear all the roads named in the plan, but he would do his best to meet the wishes of the district. With regard to the survey of a line of allotments to high water mark, and the construction of a road to enable them to approach the boats with teams, he could inform them that he had just seen the Surveyor-General, who would comply with the first request, and survey the Iines as requested. He would get the officers of the department to report about the road which he thought might also be made.

The deputation then thanked the Commissioner and withdrew.


Saturday 9 August 1884, Adelaide Observer (SA : 1843 - 1904) Trove

A deputation of residents from the newly surveyed township of Muloowurtie waited on the Minister of Justice and Education (Hon. R. C. Baker) on Wednesday to bring under his notice the insufficient postal communication in that district. Mr. Caldwell, M.P., introduced the deputation, which consisted of Messrs. B. Kappler, J.P., W. Earle, H. Bowden, T. H. Webb, A. Hill, and Denoon. Mr. Caldwell briefly explained the object of the deputation, and stated that at a recent meeting of residents in the Hundred of Muloowurtie, a resolution was passed in favour of establishing a weekly mail service between Maitland and Muloowurtie, to leave Maitland early on Saturday mornings, and to return the same day, calling at a, Post-Office on Section 102, in the Hundred of Muloowurtie, each way. The meeting was also in favour of naming the proposed Post-Office on Section 102 "Sandilands," and that at the township Mulroowurtie. Messrs. Earle and Bowden having also advocated the object of the deputation, the Minister stated in reply that the matter had not been brought under his notice before, but the request seemed a very reasonable one. He would consult the Postmaster-General on the subject, and promised to do his best to meet the requirements of the district. The deputation then thanked him and withdrew.


Saturday 25 April 1885, South Australian Weekly Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1881 - 1889) Trove

A public meeting was held at the Baptist Church, Muloowurtie, on Tuesday, April 7, Mr. Hugh Bawden in the chair, to consider the urgent necessity of at once applying to the Government to grant the inhabitants postal communication between Maitland and Muloowurtie, also to urge the immediate construction of a reservoir on Section 93, Muloowurtie. After the chairman had read various communications received from the water conservation department, in which the department stated that they could not recommend the construction of a reservoir unless the land for the same was absolutely given, and that the quantity required would be 20 acres. He said he thought his offer to give one acre and sell the Government any quantity up to 20 acres of the section if required, was quite reasonable. Mr. O. Treasure in a lengthy speech moved — 'That one acre of land is quite sufficient for the purpose of a reservoir on section 93, Muloowurtie, and that the Government be requested to accept Mr. Bawden's offer, and construct a reservoir as previously asked for.' He thought Mr. Bawden's offer a very liberal one, and that it was very unreasonable to suppose that any one was going to allow the Government to come and cut up his land and pick out twenty acres of the best and allow no compensation. In this case there was actually nothing asked for, only that at the termination of twenty one years' lease all lands now taken above one acre should be deducted from the purchase-money at the rate of £2 10s. per acre, which he thought exceedingly liberal. Mr. Wm. Henhick endorsed the remarks of the previous speaker, and seconded the motion, which was carried unanimously. Mr. R. Sandilands moved — ' That Messrs. J. Howard and O. Treasure be a committee to draw up a memorial embodying the former resolution, and forward it to Messrs. Caldwell, M.P., and Beaglehole, M.P., for presentation to the Government.' Mr. C. Marks seconded, and the motion was carried. Messrs. Duff, Henrick, Treasure, and Bawden were appointed to obtain signatures to the petition. Sir. G. Bawden moved — 'That the Government be requested to again call for tenders for carrying the mail between Maitland and Muloowurtie.' Mr. Duff, in seconding, said it was a great hardship to the inhabitants to have to fetch their letters and papers a distance of from twelve to fourteen miles. The motion was carried. The Chairman said it was not only a great inconvenience, but a great Ioss, as in busy times, such as harvest and seeding, it was a very serious thing to send a horse and man twelve or thirteen miles, and he frequently had to wait a fortnight for his newspaper, and had received a letter from the Postmaster General which took three months to find its way into his hands. Mr. O. Treasure said he thought it a great shame of the Government in not accepting previous tenders, as from what he had heard on very good authority he felt sure that the mail could not be carried for anything like the sum previously offered, but he supposed the Government not only wanted the inhabitants to keep the post-office for nothing, but to carry the mail too. Mr. R. Sandilands moved ' That Mr. O. Treasure be requested to convey the feelings of this meeting to the postal authorities.' This was seconded by Mr. C. Marks and carried.


Saturday 26 September 1891, South Australian Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1895) Trove

Maitland. September 20. The boat which sank on September 10 with Mr. Charles Webb, while on a trip from Pine Point to Ardrossan, has been found opposite Hart's mine, three miles from Pine Point.


Saturday 10 February 1906, Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1895 - 1954) Trove

February 4.— The Pine Point Methodist Church, was filled to the doors last Wednesday, evening, when a farewell social was tendered to Mr, Mrs, and Miss McDonald, who are leaving the district, after being residents for about 16 years. The Chairman (Mr T. H. Davey), expressed regret at the loss the district would sustain by the departure of Mr. McDonald and wished him prosperity and happiness in his new sphere of work.

On behalf of the residents, Mr. Davey presented Mr. McDonald with a travelling bag, Mrs. McDonald with a silver butterdish, and Miss McDonald with a book. Speeches were delivered by Mr. J. Henderson and Mr, W. Endersby. Mr. McDonald responded. Songs were rendered by Mrs Harvey and Misses Head and Webb and recitations by Messrs. Rountree and Gersch. — A snake, which had been seen crawling about one of the wheat stacks at Pine Point, was killed last Thursday morning. When measured it was found to be 5 ft. 14 in. long.


Friday 26 April 1907, Register (Adelaide, SA : 1901 - 1929) Trove

The Warden of Mines (Mr. Matthews) reports on Phillips's Copper Mine as follows: The property known as Phillips's copper show is located at Pine Point, about eight miles south of Ardrossan. The workings consist of one shaft sunk to the depth of 10 ft, and small tunnel driven in the side of the cliff about 15 ft., slightly above high-water mark, with winze sunk from the latter to about 20 ft. in depth, disclosing copper-bearing material for about 15 ft. wide. The material consists of country rock in places containing small nodules of green carbonates of copper, of no particular value beyond giving an indication of the presence of that metal. Sample taken from the green carbonates picked out yielded slightly over 8 per cent, copper. Future prospecting in this locality should consist in trying to locate the orebearing material in more elevated ground, and 'not as at' present on the foreshore just above high-water mark, where if at any time should developments prove favourable a strong influx of water might be encountered that would probably cause the suspension of all operations.


Wednesday 25 November 1908, Register (Adelaide, SA : 1901 - 1929) Trove

From H. N. Rix, Glanville: Oysters were plentiful on the eastern shores, of Yorke's Peninsula at one time from Pine Point to Rouges Point. Oysters attached to razor fish could often be picked up after a heavy blow from the east; and off the Red Cliffs, between Clinton and Wiles Creek, I have found oysters in the fine grass seaweed about low-water boundary. Large quantities of oysters were at one time brought to Port Adelaide from these beds, and the continuous dredging has probably spoilt the shelter for the spawn. On the coast between Pine and Rouges Points, and between high and low water mark, are beds of loose stone, which would make good shelter for the oyster spawn if they were carried off and put on the spawning ground. And if the oysters could be got with divers instead of dredging it would greatly help the breeding. Perhaps the Port Lincoln beds could be treated in the same way.


Thursday 2 December 1909, Register (Adelaide, SA : 1901 - 1929) Trove

If expectations are realized there is a promising future in store for Pine Point, on Yorke's Peninsula, eight miles south of Ardrossan. On the foreshore are almost unlimited quantities of clay suitable for the manufacture of pottery, firebricks, tiles and similar articles. The deposit of clay is considered to be a valuable one and a syndicate has engaged men to work it. The property, which comprised 40 acres was inspected at the week-end by members of the syndicate, and this Ied to the discovery of what have since been pronounced to be valuable deposits of soapstone and manganese. There am also indications of iron and copper, and an opal matrix has bean found, which an authority says is similar in formation to that of the famous White Cliffs.


Wednesday 19 April 1911, Register (Adelaide, SA : 1901 - 1929) Trove

Muloowurtie, April 17.— The members of the South Australian Royal Yacht Squadron gave an enjoyable concert in aid of the Pine Point Institute on Easter Saturday evening. A marquee was provided by the entertainers, and erected on ground kindly lent for the occasion by Mr. W. G. F. Wheare, of Black Point. A large and enthusiastic audience was entertained by Messrs, Mayne, Saunders, Crosby, and others. A vote of thanks was accorded to the members of the Yacht Squadron whose Chairman, in responding, spoke of Mr. Wheare's kindness in offering a cup annually to be competed for by the yacht squadron. The proceeds of the concert amounted to £9.


Thursday 14 September 1911, Express and Telegraph (Adelaide, SA : 1867 - 1922) Trove

Mr. P. Allen, M.P., introduced a deputation to the Commissioner of Public Works on Thursday morning asking for a jetty to be erected at Pine Point, about 12 miles from Ardrossan. Mr. Allen said there were between 20,000 and 30,000 bags of wheat shipped from this port last year, and probably in a few years there would be 40,000 to 50,000 bags to ship. Pine Point was the nearest cut across from the Peninsula to Port Adelaide. Mr. W. Endersby said he had been at Pine Point 11 years. When he went there it was mostly scrub, but every year more land was coming under cultivation. They only wanted a light jetty about 600 ft. long. This would float all the boats that go there at low tide. There was a three-chain road running right down to the site for the jetty, and there were thousands of tons of wood which would be sent across if they had the jetty. Mr. Hirsch said last year there were 1,000 tons of general cargo and 2,500 tons fruit shipped at Pine Point last year. Mr. Verran promised to obtain a report on the question and to let the members hare an early reply.


Saturday 13 January 1912, Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1895 - 1954) Trove

MOONTA, January 4,— At the Local Court, Maitland, on Wednesday, Mr. J. T. Keats, S.M., and justice gave Judgment in the Pine Point landing case, Harvey versus Carver. This was an action for alleged trespass on the property of the plaintiff at Pine Point. The claim was for £99. The right to the property in question was disputed by the defendant. There seemed no doubt however, said the S.M., that the lease was properly granted by virtue of the Marine Board Acts. It was within the power of the plaintiff corporation absolutely to prohibit persons from depositing earth or shingle on a beach. In that action, it must be noted, however, that prohibition was not sought, but only regulation or use on payment of fees. On the evidence, the facts of the case, and the lease and occupation of the plaintiff a verdict must pass for the plaintiff. The defendant showed no title, but only what may be called a right to use the beach in common with others, and this could not prevail against the lease granted by the Marine Board with the sanction of the Government or Crown. As there was no approved schedule of fees or duties put in or proved, however (except a notice by plaintiff), a verdict would not be given on these alleged duties, but on the common law right to sue for damages or trespass. It had been shown that the trespass was continued after notice to pay. The plaintiff was entitled to some consideration as a recoup for his expenditure and to resist a trespass by the defendant, who had refused to contribute the small sums demanded by the plaintiff for a public convenience in landing goods, which, without some such rough landing-stage, could not be safely landed in good order and condition. The verdict, therefore, would be for the plaintiff, damages £20 judgement was entered accordingly.

Smith's Latest Implement.

Saturday 20 April 1912, Pioneer (Yorketown, SA : 1898 - 1954) Trove

At Pine Point on Thursday last, a successful field trial of a new tilling implement, in the form of an independent-jump disc cultivator, which is the latest production of Mr Clarence H. Smith, of Ardrossan. About fifty farmers attended, and evinced keen interest in the work. The land operated upon was covered with rough, dense mallee scrub, characteristic of this portion of Yorke's Peninsula. The implement, which was drawn by a team of ten bullocks, destroyed strong mallee saplings and shoots, and effectually demonstrated its utility in stony, stumpy, scrub country. Mr F. Clift worked the implement.


Saturday 15 May 1915, Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1895 - 1954) Trove

PINE POINT, May 8.— The Muloowurtie Rifle Club gave a social and dance in aid, of the Belgian Relief Fund on April 30 in the Pine Point Hall. Items were given by Misses McNamara and W. Woods. Messes. E. T. Wheare. V. Wheare, W. Woods, and Perks, and Mrs. Harvey. The prizes were distributed to the riflemen, who gained highest marks for class firing. Mr. E. T, Wheare (captain) and Mr. Carver (secretary) were responsible for the arrangement of the excellent programme presented. The ladles provided supper. Mr. Perks gave a bag of piemelons for guessing competition, and 14 was raised by this means, making the total proceeds £2 36/.


Saturday 21 February 1920, Observer (Adelaide, SA : 1905 - 1931) Trove

MAITLAND, February 7. For some months a scheme has been on foot to help the settlers of the Pine Point district in their water supply, and an officer of the Engineer-in-Chief's Department has been in consultation with the District Council of Yorke's Peninsula with a view to the building of a storage tank at the top of the cliffs, and to pump water from several wells on the beach up to the tank. The past dry season has demonstrated the fact that the supply of water from the existing wells would not be sufficient, and arrangements have now been made to (link two more wells, to line them with galvarized Iron (timber not being available), and then proceed with the erection of the pumping plant. These facts were reported to this week's meeting of the district council by the Chairman (Ci Cane) and Cr. Germein. The Chairman reported also that he had been interviews by several ratepayers of Cunningham and Maitland Wards with regard to improving the water supply at the standpipe on the Maitland-Cunningham boundary. Above this pipe were two others, on each of which there was a heavy strain, and the consequence was that the pressure on the boundary standpipe was exceptionally light. Some of the men carting water had often to wait until 11 p.m. before being able to fill their tanks. He recommended the council to ask the Hydraulic Engineer's Department to erect a galvanized tank there for storage purposes, the council undertaking, as usual, to find the interest on the money spent in the erection and upkeep of such tank. The council approved of the suggestion and the application to the department has been made.


Saturday 9 October 1920, Pioneer (Yorketown, SA : 1898 - 1954) Trove

Friday, Sept. 10, was a memorable day at Pine Point, the occasion being the opening of the Muloowurtie Memorial Hall. For more than twelve months the residents had been working to build an Institute in memory of the fallen soldiers from the district. On October last year a memorial stone unveiled by Mr H. G. Tossell, M.P., and September 10 saw the completion of the work in the opening of the building by Mr P. Allen M.P Senator B. Benny had been invited to open the Hall, but had found that pressure of Senate business would not permit him being present, much to the regret of the residents. The Senator sent an apology, and also a handsome donation. The weather in the early morning was most inclement, but later became more favorable. Visitors were present from all the surrounding districts. Messrs. Allen and Tossel were met at Port Vincent on their arrival from Adelaide and motored to the scene, where a large number of people awaited them. The member passed through a guard of honor consisting of the children from both the Pine Point and Sandiands schools in charge of the Head Teachers, Miss Keen and Miss Dart, and wore met at the steps by the President, Mr S. G. Germein. The children sang the "Song of Australia," and, after nicely chosen words, Mr Allen declared the hall opened and congratulated the residents on having erected such a fine monument to the memory of the fallen soldiers. Mr Tossell, in supporting, paid high tribute to the ladies for the noble part they had taken during the war. After the children had sung "God Bless Our Soldiers" Mr Miller, on behalf of the residents presented Mr Allen with a nicely mounted walking stick. The ceremony ended with the National Anthem. The remainder of the afternoon was spent in watching a football match between the Pine Point and Curramulka teams and other sports. Within the hall many stalls were set out, well stocked with fancy goods, sweets, produce, flowers, fruit, etc. Tea was catered for by the ladies.

In the evening the Minlaton Orchestra and Concert Party, under Conductor Thomas, presented a very enjoyable programme consisting of orchestral items and songs by Mrs Porker, Miss Stevenson, Miss Dart and Mr Lodge (duet), and Messers. F. Dingle, R. Tilbrook, and Stan Brown. An address by Mr P. Allen caused mach amusement. The concert alone realised £21. A supper and dance followed. The ladies were worthy of great praise, having spared neither time nor labor to make the function a success. Gross takings £130.

A set of four Peninsula viewettes has just been issued from the "PIONEER" Office. Each viewette contains 9 Peninsula views. The pictures include many interesting photos, including Edithburgh Jetty in 1875, 1915, and 1920. The salt industry is well illustrated, and snapshots of public buildings in Yorketown and Curramulka are also shown. The viewettes can be purchased for 4d. each.


Saturday 19 November 1921, Pioneer (Yorketown, SA : 1898 - 1954) Trove

On Monday morning the Government steamer Conqueror arrived at Port Vincent. On board were Mr. Peter Allen, M.P., and Messrs. Searcy and Farquhar, of the Harbors Board. The party left by car for Pine Point, in the Hundred of Muloowurtie, to inspect the site of a proposed jetty for which the residents of that area are strongly agitating.


Saturday 12 May 1923, Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1895 - 1954) Trove

On March 27 the Methodist Church at Pine Point was the scene of a pretty wedding between Darcy Winnifred, second daughter of Mr. Hughie Bawden, of Sandilands, and Harold Edward (late A.I.F.), second son of Mrs. E. H. Smith, Sandilands, Y.P. The church was nicely decorated by girl friends of the bride, and the Rev. J. Crossley officiated. Mr. Woodrofe played the 'Wedding March.' The bride, who was given away by her father, looked very sweet in white charmeuse and georgette. A coronet of brilliants and orange blossom was worn over the veil, and she carried a sheaf of white flowers with tulle streamers. The two bridesmaids were Mias Oily (sister to the bride), and Miss Freda Smith (sister to the bridegroom). The former wore a dress of apricot crepe de chine and georgette, trimmed with gold tissue and beads. The latter wore a dress of lemon crepe de chine and georgette, trimmed with silver tissue and beads. Both bridesmaids wore gold brooches set with aquamarines, the gift of the bridegroom. A reception was held after the ceremony in the institute, which was decorated with blue 'and white, the bridegroom's battalion colors. Several friends rendered musical and vocal items. After a most pleasant evening the happy couple left by motor for Mount Gambler. The bride's travelling dress was of navy blue Jersey silk, with radium lace, with steel bead trimming, also navy and steel blue hat.


Friday 24 April 1925, Register (Adelaide, SA : 1901 - 1929) Trove

CURRAMULKA April 21—On Saturday 11 members of the Mascot Tennis Club motored to Mr. L. L. Davey's farm at Muloowurtie, and there engaged the Pine Point team.. The home team easily defeated the visitors, who won only two sets. Scores: — Miss Norman and Mrs. Gifford (Curramulka) lost to Mesdames Harvey and P. W. E Schmidt, 5 — 0; Mrs. Kleeman and Miss Tucker lost to Miss Thompson and Mrs. H. Schmidt, 5 — 6; Miss Norman lost to Miss Thompson 3 — «6 Mrs. Gifford lost to Mrs. P. W. E. Schmidt, 5 — 6: Mrs. Kleeman lost to Mrs. Harvey, 2— 0; Miss E. Tucker beat Mrs. H. E. Schmidt, 6—2; Miss G: Lockyer beat Miss Hooper, 6 — 3; W. H. French and E. L. Goldsworthy lost to Hill and Davey, 3 — 6; H. L. Gifford and N. E. Kleeman lost to Davey and S. B. Germein, 2__6; J. M. Fraser and N. Kleeman lost to Pearson and Pearson, 5 — 6; W. H. French lost to Hill, 4— 6; E. L. Goldsworthy lost to L. Davey, 3 — 6; H. L. Gifford lost to Davey, 2 — 6; N. E. Kleeman lost to S. R. Germein, 3 — 6.

Totals: — Pine Point, 12 sets, 77 games; Curramulka, 12 sets, 34 games.

Amilcar Performance .

Tuesday 13 December 1927, News (Adelaide, SA : 1923 - 1954) Trove

Drummond's Autos Limited has received an iinteresting letter from Mr. Bourne of Pine Point, near Ardrossan, regarding a fine performance, by the 8/35 Amilcar owned by him. This car has done 12,000 miles, and on examination of the engine it was found that it was in such perfect condition that all that could be spent on it was 17/. Mr Bourne, who is an engineer, states that he is more than satisfied with his Amilcar. On petrol mileage it has been most economical averaging 52 miles to the gallon. The car has been subjected to severe tests on the roads. Mr. Bourne has travelled in it on many occasions from Pine Point to Adelaide.

Presentation at Pine Point

Wednesday 17 April 1929, News (Adelaide, SA : 1923 - 1954) Trove

A concert was held in Pine Point Institute to raise funds for the kindergarten, to be built at the back of the church. Mrs. A. Sparrow (kindergarten leader) organised the concert and secured the services of talented members from the neighboring districts in addition to local artists. Children's items figured largely on the programme, and the result was a most enjoyable evening.

A cake stand was presented to Mrs. L. S. Davey, who has been for many years the Sunday school organist and a zealous performecr of her duties. Mr. H. H. Davey (Sunday school superintendent) spoke appreciatively of her services and called on Miss Lois Walker, a scholar, to make the presentation. Mr. Davey responded on behalf of his wife.

The sum of £10 was raised.

DIAMOND WEDDING Celebration at Pine Point.

Wednesday 8 May 1929, News (Adelaide, SA : 1923 - 1954) Trove

Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Henderson, of Pine Point, celebrated their diamond wedding in the presence of numerous friends and relatives. Mr. Henderson spent his youth on the Adelaide Plains, chiefly in and round Salisbury, and in 1866 went to Green's Plains, which then contained one hotel, one house, and several tents. In 1869.

Mr. Henderson married Miss Harriet Kelly, of Dry Creek, and permanently took up his residence on Yorke's Peninsula, at a time when kangaroos supplied fresh meat.

Twenty-seven years ago the couple settled at Pine Point, where they still have their house.

They have many interesting reminiscences of the long struggles in their pioneering days, of fire, which destroyed all their worldly goods, and of floods, which swept away even the batch of bread prepared for the oven.

Despite the hardships of pioneering they reared a family of 10 children, nine of whom are living, and all except two are residents of Yorke's Peninsula. They are Messrs. W. T Henderson (Pine Point). F. J. Henderson (Pine Point), R. H. Henderson (Wauraltee), C. J. Henderson (Pine. Point), E. A. Henderson (Port Vincent), T. G. J. Henderson (Port Vincent), and Mesdames George Allen (Yorketown), E. Cadd (Kangaroo Island), and N. K. Rowntree (Pinnaroo).

There are 36 grandchildren and 14 greatgrandchildren.


Wednesday 10 July 1929, Kadina and Wallaroo Times (SA : 1888 - 1954) Trove

This mine is situated eight miles South of Ardrossan, and about a mile and a half from the sea coast. About 40 years ago the late Mr Hill, the original holder of this land, ploughed up a stump on the roots of which pieces of green carbonate of copper were hanging. He put down an open cut to a depth of eighteen feet, from which he extracted and sold to Port Adelaide 28 cwt of ore.

Over a period of years his sons sank a shaft to a depth of 87 feet in the hope of finding the lode. Although they traversed fifteen feet of green stains, assaying five per cent, copper, they failed to locate the lode.

In 1907 two brothers named Phillips tried the divining rod over the property and decided to sink a new shaft about ,30 feet south of that sunk by the Hill brothers. They went down 60 feet, but discovered that they could not secure a lease as the land and mineral rights had both been sold by the Government to Mr Hill, and he had died leaving the property in trust, and so they abandoned their efforts without striking the lode.

In 1915, a Mr Murphy, who had done a lot of mining in Victoria, came on the scene. He was keenly interested at first sight, and set to work backed up by a local syndicate. He drove in from Phillips' old shaft at the 60 feet level to a distance of 27 feet, where he cut the lode; here he sank a winze to a depth of 40 feet, and then cross-cut the lode. In 1916 he sold two parcels of ore to the Wallaroo Mining Co. One parcel of 19. cwt went 15 per cent, copper, and the second of 12.5 cwt gave 29.43 per cent.

He and the members of the syndicate decided to have an inspection by the Mines Department. Mr Henry Jones, of that department paid them a visit on the 14th November, 1916. His report, as given in the Review of Mining operations during the half-year ended December 1916 is very favorable indeed. From the lowest workings Mr Jones took five samples across the line of lode; these showed;—(1) 12 feet of lode 3.5 per cent, copper; (3) inches in centre of lode, 44 per cent, copper and 1 oz 6 dwts silver; (2) 2 3.5 feet of lode 4.5 per cent, copper, 1 dwt gold; (4) 6in. vein from footwall 22.7 per cent, copper, 1 oz 8 dwt silver; (5) 6in. vein from hanging wall 25.9 per cent, copper, 1 oz 6 dwts silver.

Mr Jones says—"The ore channel is from 8 to 10 feet wide with two well defined walls." "The formation appears likely to persist." "The high quality of the ore is of a very encouraging nature."' "The development as regards the copper lode is very promising, especially at the 100ft. level, where the formation is wide, containing seams of high quality ore with fair indications that the ore channel will prove extensive. For a prospecting show the prospects are of a very encouraging nature."

On the strength of this report by such an experienced and upright man, Mr Murphy and his friends attempted to float a company, but found first that the Government would not allow it on account of war conditions, and secondly they discovered that they had not got an indefeasible lease.

After the war much time and money was spent attempting to rectify the lease, but as the miner and two other leaders died, the affair lapsed, and the mine was left as inspected by Mr Jones until the beginning of June, when Mr F. G. Filmer and a party of friends came on the scene. After some delay a lease for fifty years on good conditions was secured, and registered. A party of Kadina miners have cleared up and pumped out the old workings. They were found as left by Mr Murphy in 1916.

During the last few weeks the winze has been put down another 15 feet. Three assays of the ore gone through have given 18.30 (per cent, 22.5 per cent., and 31.7 per cent. Since these samples were tried much richer ore has shown up, which has not been assayed yet. On the south end of the winze there is now showing a seam of bornite over five feet high from the bottom of the workings upwards, which runs from two feet to three feet in its widest places. On the north end of the same hole there are three seams showing one of blue carbonate, one of green, and one of bornite. They are each about six inches wide.

On the surface there are now several tons of ore of all the shades and kinds known. The idea of those working this mine has been first to secure the mine on a good lease; second to prove it worthy of exploitation, and then to offer the chance to any people sufficiently interested to capitalize and work it for the good of the country.

This time seems to have now almost arrived. An officer from the department of mines is due to inspect it now, and upon his report and advice action will be taken.

In the opinion of those operating this mine, the old shaft sunk by Phillips' brothers should be sunk another 90 or 100 feet, the whole, from the surface timbered up, and a drive put in to cut the lode 50 or 60 feet below the present lowest workings, where the various high grade seams now showing irregularly should have made solid.


Friday 11 October 1929, Pioneer (Yorketown, SA : 1898 - 1954) Trove

On Thursday, September 26, a Gala Day in aid of a sun day-school building was held. It was a great success, and attracted a crowd of people. The takings amounted to £108. Various competitions were held. The Ugly Man Competition was won by Mr. Ralph Williams, with votes amounting to £53/17/6; Doll Bride Competition by Mr. Lyle Davey; Nail Driving by Mr. Alf. Oats, and the Candle Lighting by Mr. Andrew Clift. The Secretary wishes to thank all those who made the day such a success.

Copper at Pine Point.

Friday 31 January 1930, Pioneer (Yorketown, SA : 1898 - 1954) Trove

Copper has been found at Pine Point, near Ardrossan. A company known as The Hillside Copper Mining Co. N.IL, has been formed and is now working the claim on Mr. Hill's farm at Pine Point. The idea of the promoters is to absorb labor on a profitable basis. Every miner to be a shareholder, compulsorily. There are 170 miners at Kadina receiving rations. The company expect to absorb these and many more, when the plant is in full work. The result of smelting 32 tons ore showed —4.3 tons of copper. 23 oz silver. 1.75 ozs gold. This 32 tons was taken from shallow workings and shipped to Port Kembla. If sufficient money can be raised it is intended to erect smelters on the property. Mr. Filmer, the representative of the company, visited this district on Thursday. He said they were hoping to raise the necessary capital on Yorke Peninsula. From all accounts this mine promises to out-rival the famous Wallaroo Mines.


Friday 3 October 1930, Pioneer (Yorketown, SA : 1898 - 1954) Trove

A fancy dress ball was arranged by Miss Doris Hunt to raise funds for the Pine Point Institute. The Peninsula Dance Band supplied the music. Prizes were awarded as follows:—Best-dressed ladies. Misses Hitchcock; best couple, Mr. Harrop and Miss Doris Hunt; most original character. Mrs. Harold Williams; humorous pair. Miss D. Stevens and Mrs. L. Brockman; best sustained character (lady). Miss Coleman, (gentleman). Mr. H. McPherson; best set. Misses Pear 1 Germein, A. Martin, C. Cameron and Gwen Germein, Messrs. Bob Lattimer. C. Belamy. R. Germein and Jack Cameron. The proceeds totalled £15.


Thursday 7 May 1931, Advertiser and Register (Adelaide, SA : 1931) Trove

Improvements of £3,400 have been to the Port of Pine Point, on Yorke Peninsula.

The work consisted of raising the old landing area by three feet, building a wharf on three sides, and improving the gradient of the road leading down the face of the cliff. The layer of moorings for ketches and a small amount of dredging has still to be done. There was a proposal to build a jetty 1,000 ft. long to permanent water level, but the cost of this was deemed to be more than the trade warranted. Trade to the port has increased during recent years and now it will be possible to ship 3,000 bags of wheat.

New Hall, Pine Point.

Friday 5 August 1938, Australian Christian Commonwealth (SA : 1901 - 1940) Trove

The foundation stone laying of a new Sunday school and church porch will take place next Tuesday 9th August, at Pine Point, in the Ardrossan Circuit.

The ceremony will commence at 3.30. The Rev. B H. Philips will occupy the chair, and will introduce Mrs T. H. Davey sen, a pioneer of the district, who will lay the stone.

Then will a high tea in the institute hall, to be followed by a social gathering.

The need for this hall and porch have been felt for many years in the working of the Sunday school and church activities. Visitors, will be very welcome at Pine Point on the 9th.

Port Augusta Collision.

Thursday 21 November 1940, Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1895 - 1954) Trove

Judgment for £1,465 8/6 for Kenneth Kitchener Bourne, 40, blacksmith, of Pine Point, Yorke Peninsula, was given in his action in the Supreme court last week, for an unspecified sum of damages against Spero Speridon, fruiterer, of Goodwood road, Wayville. Defendants counter-claim for £35 6/3 was dismissed. Plaintiff's claim was for a fractured skull and other injuries received in a collision between the motor car and defendant's motor truck on the road between Port Augusta and Whyalla.


Friday 24 August 1945, Pioneer (Yorketown, SA : 1898 - 1954) Trove

Friday, Aug. 24, 1945. Cards and Dancing at Mrs Ferg Haywood's to-night (Friday)

Dance at Pine Point Hall tonight (Friday)

The second semi final will be played at Minlaton tomorrow (Saturday), between teams from Western United and Curramulka.

Don't forget the Entertainment by the Port Vincent Carol Club at Curramulka tomorrow (Saturday) night, in aid of the School Funds. Dance to follow (no supper).

Yorketown Sub-Branch of RSL meets at Diggers Club, Yorketown, tomorrow (Saturday)

CYP Sub-Branch, RSL, meets next Tuesday

Minlaton Institute Ball next Wednesday evening

The interview with Flt. Lt. 'Brose Tonkin, advertised for Aug. 15th, was postponed on account of the VP Day celebrations until next Wednesday, Aug. 29th, at 8.15 p.m. Ambrose will be questioned about countries visited, people met and work done. This should prove very interesting, and it is hoped that a good muster of friends will attend.

School Holidays begin Thursday, Aug. 30th.

"Consent" Cards for parents desirous of having their children immunised against diphtheria are now available from the District Clerk (Mr E. E. Lloyd ), Yorketown

Mr. Ray H. Cross, of Minlaton, who has been on the sick list for some weeks, has now returned very much improved in health, and intends to re-open his hardware shop in Main Street immediately.

Search For Missing Fisherman.

Thursday 15 January 1948, Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1931 - 1954) Trove

ARDROSSAN, Jan. 14. Wreckage of a fishing boat in which Colin Carden Rooney, 29, fisherman, of Pine Point, set out on a fishing trip from his home early yesterday, was found three miles north of Ardrossan late this afternoon. Parties of searchers from Port Adelaide, Port Wakefield, Ardrossan and Pine Point, assisted by an RAAF plane, were directed by Mounted Constable Nichols today. The search will be resumed at 6 a.m. tomorrow by volunteer beach and sea patrols, covering the coast from Price to Black Point. Rooney's boat, a 14-footer, carries a mast and is painted blue. Trouble was recently experienced with the engine.

No Trace Of Missing Fisherman.

Friday 16 January 1948, Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1931 - 1954) Trove

ARDROSSAN, January 15. Although the search will continue tomorrow, hope has been abandoned of finding alive the Pine Point fisherman, Colin Rooney, 27, who has been missing since Tuesday. Eleven boats, an RAAF plane from Mallala, and beach patrols on horseback combed an area from Pine Point to Price today. A tiller and the top of a boat well, which were found by beach searchers today, were identified tonight by Mr. Lloyd Rooney, brother of the missing man, as belonging to the boat. An engine box cover and petrol can found yesterday have also been identified. Beach patrols will continue today under the direction of Mounted Constable G. W. Nichols, of Ardrossan.

Power for Pine Point Factory

Friday 7 November 1952, Pioneer (Yorketown, SA : 1898 - 1954) Trove

Bourne's Engineering Co. Pine Point, will soon have their works functioning under one roof again at that centre. About eighteen months ago, part of the work was moved to Ardrossan to take advantage of the electric power there. Now it is being moved back to Pine Point, where it is expected the power will be available within a fortnight. Wires are being strung in Pine Point now.

Interesting Holiday Trip.

Thursday 6 August 1953, Port Lincoln Times (SA : 1927 - 1954) Trove

Last week Messrs. Jack Dunn and Albert Wheare, of Arno Bay, motored to Pine Point, Yorke Peninsula, to Mr. Wheare's home-town, where they were the guests of Mr. and Mrs. Reg Wheare. They called at Mr. V. Wheares property at Curramulka.

Mr Dunn was very interested in the automatic kerosene refrigerator control which Mr. Reg Wheare has recently patented. The control is worked through a 32-voIt lighting plant and only about 1/2 amp of electricity is used.

At Pine Point the traveler went through the Borne Elevator foundry. Mr. Wheare renewed acquaintances with his school pal Jack Bourne, the owner.

Tennis Club Ball.

Friday 23 October 1953, Pioneer (Yorketown, SA : 1898 - 1954) Trove

About 200 people attended the Pine Point Tennis Club Ball, held recently. Proceeds of £40 will go toward funds for the recently built shelter shed. During the evening paper caps were sold, the winning cap being held by Mr. Fred Longbottom. Results of the evening were so encouraging that the organisers have decided to hold a New Year's Eve Ball on December 31st.