Urania Newspaper Articles
Births, Deaths and Marriages for Urania - Trove Family Notices -
District Council of Yorke Peninsula - History of Urania
There does not appear to be any record of why this town was so named; but, the word is derived from the Greek "Ouranios" which means "heavenly". In Greek mythology Urania was the muse of Astronomy and was another name for Aphrodite the goddess of love and beauty.
Geologists refer to the area as Urania Gap, being a depression between the Arthurton-Maitland ridge to the north and the Mount Rat ridge on the south and an outlet for the Yorke Valley.
In permian times (approximately 200,000,000 years ago) geologists believe that Yorke Valley was a lake which was blocked by ice at Urania gap and that water now drains subterraneanly through the sand dunes to the south east into the Curramulka basin*.
*The Geology of Yorke Peninsula. Page 30
It was apparently in the Urania Gap area where, after days of continuous rain in 1872, surveyors, who were surveying a site for Maitland, had their tents and gear washed several miles south in a flood*.
*Governor Fergusson's Legacy. Page 118
NEWLY SURVEYED LANDS COUNTY OF FERGUSSON.—
Friday 10 March 1876 Yorke's Peninsula Advertiser (SA : 1878 - 1922) Trove
The following portions of Crown Lands, situate in the Hundreds of Ninnes and Kadina. County of Daly; and in the Hundreds of Wauraltee, Maitland, Minlacowie, Dalrymple, and Moorowie, County of Fergusson, will be open for selection on Tuesday the 29th March. 1876, at 10 a.m., at the price of One Pound per acre, the value of the improvements to be added to the price of the land, and paid for at the time of selection
Newly-Opened Improved Lands.
No. of Area of Section Value of
Section in Acres. Improvements
HUNDRED OF WAURALTEE—
From four to eight miles southwesterly of the Urania Station.
______________£ ___ s ___ d
Improvements—Post and wire fencing.
Area in Acres
Improvements Post and wire fencing with pine hut.
Area in Acres
Newly-Opened, Country Lands.
HUNDRED OF WAURALTEE—
Comprising lands in the northern portion of the Hundred, southerly south-easterly, and south-westerly of the Urania Station.
Area in Acres
Area in Acres
Area in Acres
GOVERNMENT LIMITED AUCTION LAND SALES.
At £l 0s. 6D. Per Acre.
Hundred Wauraltee, County Fergusson—Section 45, 629 acres, W. Kelly, Rhynie, farmer;
Section, 64e, 187 acres, W. Neindorf, Daveyston, farmer ;
Section 71s, 448 acres, C. J. Bagshaw, Weaner's Flat, farmer.
At £l 7s. Per Acre.
Hundred Wauraltee, County Fergusson—Section 60, 459 acres, E. W. Wehr, sen., Daveyston, farmer.
At £l 7s. 6d. Per Acre.
Hundred Wauraltee, County Fergusson—Section 55e, 472 acres, Z. Williams, Willunga, farmer.
At £1 8s. per Acre.
Hundred Wauraltee, County Fergusson—Section 54, 279 acres, J. Corrigan, Adelaide, labourer; Section 67, 584 acres, J. W. Wehr, Daveyston, farmer.
At £1 8s. per Acre
Hundred Wauraltee, County Fergusson—Section Section 65, 453 acres, F. Attrall, Yankalilla, farmer.
At £1 9s. per Acre.
Hundred Wauraltee. County Fergusson—Section 63, 147 acres, K. W. Wehr, sen., Daveyston, farmer.
At £1 11s. per Acre.
Hundred Wauraltee, County Fergusson—Section 66, 631 acres, E. W. Wehr, jun,, Daveyston, farmer; Section 68, 567 acres, H.F. Koch, Daveyston, farmer.
At £1 15s. per Acre.
Hundred Wauraltee, County Fergusson—Section 57, 552 acres, T. Coulter, jun, Smithfield, farmer; Section 62, 650 acres, F. Attrall, Yankalilla, farmer.
At £1 17s. per Acre.
Hundred Wauraltee, County Fergusson—Section 74, 575 acres, F. P. Mens, jun., Schernfield, farmer.
At £l 16s. per Acre.
Hundred Wauraltee, County Fergusson—Section 75, 570 acres, J. F. Jericho, near Truro, farmer.
At £2 0s. 6D per Acre.
Hundred Wauraltee, County Fergusson—Section 56, 511 acres, W. Kelly, jun., Onetree Hill, farmer.
At £2 3s. 6D per Acre.
Hundred Wauraltee, County Fergusson—Section 61, 334 acres, J. Renowden, Yankalilla, farmer.
At £2 5s. per Acre.
Hundred Wauraltee, County Fergusson—Section 55w, 129 acres, W. Kelly, Jun., Onetree Hill, farmer.
At £2 5s. 6d. per Acre.
Hundred Wauraltee, County Fergusson—Section 72, 455 acres, R. Bowey, jun., Gumeracha, wheelwright.
At £2 6s. per Acre.
Hundred Wauraltee, County Fergusson—Section 76, 627 acres, C. Edson, Gawler, wheelwright.
At £2 7s per Acre.
Hundred Wauraltee, County Fergusson—Section 52, 685 acres, J. Kelly, Tarlee, farmer.
At £3 1s. per Acre.
Hundred Wauraltee, County Fergusson—Section 91, 591acres, J. Gersch, St. Kitts, near Truro, farmer.
At £3 11s. 6d. per Acre.
Hundred Wauraltee, County Fergusson—Section 82, 384 acres, W. Bowey, Gumeracha, wheelwright.
At £3 14s. 6d. per Acre.
Hundred Wauraltee, County Fergusson—Section 183w, 286 acres D. Hanrahan, Dry Creek, farmer.
At £4 1s. per Acre.
Hundred Wauraltee, County Fergusson—Section 88e, 605 acres, B. Cottrell, Woodford, near Magill, gentleman.
At £5 11s. per Acre.
Hundred Wauraltee, County Fergusson—Section 88w, 17 acres, G. Greenslade, Yorke Valley, farmer.
At £6 6s. per acre.
Hundred Wauraltee, County Fergusson—Section 89s, 603 acres, G. Greenslade, Yorke Valley, farmer.
At £6 10s. per Acre.
Hundred Wauraltee, County Fergusson—Section 89m, 17 acres, B. Cottrell, Woodford, near Magill, gentleman.
MAITLAND, ARDROSSAN, KILKERRAN, AND URANIA.
Saturday 24 November 1877, South Australian Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1895) Trove
The crops in these places have been more affected with red rust than most persons had any idea of. Weather like that of Monday night— heavy thunderstorm and rain, followed by a hot sunny day— will no doubt still considerably affect the yield. My theory— that so long as there is milk in the grain there is danger — has proved correct; and much, more hay will be cut than would have been the case if the season had been more propitious. Around the township of Maitland some kinds of wheat are more affected than others. For instance, the Goldsmith or Hill is in all places I have seen or heard of completely ruined; whilst Purple Straw and Llamas, both white and red, have heads, full of plump grata, and bid fair to give a good yield, although, spots of rust appear on the flag. Round Ardrossan the crops look thin and poor. I can not agree with the correspondent the Register that they are the best looking crops in the colony, and I feel confident that his computing the yield at 14 bushels to the acre will prove a great fallacy. In Kilkerran the crops are looking the best in the district, and I think in some Instances, over 20 bushels to the acre will be reaped. I examined some heads brought from, Kilkerran, one of which had 106 good grains of wheat whilst the average was 94 to 96. On the Urania Plains over 900 acres are spoiled by blight, which has been caused by frost and rainy weather followed by hot sunny days. It will, however, make excellent hay.— The jetty at Ardrossan requires to be lengthened at least 1,000 feet to meet the requirements of this rapidly growing farming district. A railway is also wanted from Maitland to the seaboard. Every facility, in fact, ought to be given to the settler to export his grain at a minimum cost to himself. Another want is police protection. One or two Justices of the Peace ought also to be appointed in and near Ardrossan, and there are several gentlemen well qualified to fill this position. Telegraphic communication, is one of the necessities that ought to be given to Ardrossan without delay.
BUSH FIRES ON YORKE'S PENINSULA.
Tuesday 5 March 1878, The South Australian Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1858 - 1889) Trove
The heat here is intense. Bush fires are raging all round. Several farmers are serious losers. Many haystacks have been burned. The largest fires are near Mount Rat and Tipara.
Maitland, March 4 (later).
Tremendous bush fires are raging between Minlaton and Urania. Yesterday the fires were making towards Black Point, where a shepherd was burnt a few years ago. To day the fires are advancing down the Peninsula, and several farmers expect to be burnt out.
Tuesday 14 October 1879, Yorke's Peninsula Advertiser (SA : 1878 - 1922) Trove
WE congratulate the people of Yorke's Peninsula on the fact that the sum of £4,600 has been voted for the purpose of constructing tanks and reservoirs, and thus securing a better water-supply :—Completing Kadina Reservoir, £500 ; new reservoir at Urania £250, at Agery £250, at Boor's Plains £250, at Tickera £250 ; for tank at Wauraltie £500, at Port Rickaby £500, Port Minlacowie £500 ; for new reservoir at Goyder, £600 for repairs to Tiddy widdy wells and road £195, to Tipara Wells £50, to Point Peirce wells and road £355, to Port Victoria-road and wells £200, Victoria and Urania roads and repairs to creek and fords £50 ; supervision and contingencies, £150,—-making a total of £4,600. Our readers should take timely warning : this is to be the last Government grant for this purpose, and further requirements, says the Commissioner of Crown Lands, will have to be met out of local rating.
Reservoirs on Yorke's Peninsula.
Tuesday 11 May 1880, Yorke's Peninsula Advertiser (SA : 1878 - 1922) Trove
Tenders have been received for the five reservoirs on Yorke's Peninsula as follow::— Agery 1, Tickera 2, J. and T. Hamblyn lower; Urania none; Boors' Plains 2, Hamblya's lower; Goyder only one.
Saturday 13 November 1880, South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900) Trove
DEATH of Mr. ROBERT COTTRELL. — We regret to hear that Mr. R. Cottrell, J.P . who for some years represented the District of East Adelaide in the House of Assembly, is dead. Mr. Cottrell was long known as the head of one of the principal coach building firms carrying on business in the city. Several years ago Mr. Cotttell retired from commercial pursuits and began farming. He owned a farm near Magill, and some time ago went on to another at Urania, near Maitland, where he expired at an early hour on Wednesday, November 3. He had been an invalid for some time, but was apparently recovering, and attended a horse sale on Tuesday. The cause of death was bronchitis. Mr. Cottrell arrived in South Australia in the year 1847, and in the following year began business in Rundle street near where the King of Hanover now stands. He changed his premises afterwards, carrying on business farther down the street, opposite the York Hotel. He finally removed to the premises in Grenfell-street where the business is now carried on by his sons. The deceased gentleman entered Parliament in 1868, and was again elected in the two following Parliaments chosen in 1870 and 1872. In 1875 he stood again for East Adelaide, but was defeated by Mr. W. Kay. Mr. Cottrell was always a warm advocate of protection, and was generally most attentive to his legislative duties.
Urania, June 2
Saturday 9 June 1883, South Australian Weekly Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1881 - 1889) Trove
A public meeting was held on the 3Oth ult. at Mr. G. Greenslade's, to consider the best means of getting a school, a want greatly felt in the neighborhood, the nearest school being seven miles off, at Maitland. The inclemency of the weather prevented a good many from attending, but the few that did attend went into business and elected Mr. J. Prindiville chairman. Mr. Greenslade kindly promised one acre of land free of cost on condition that a public school be built on it in the north-west corner of section No. 97. The following resolution was proposed by Mr. W. Kelly— That a public school be erected on the north-west corner of section No. 97, abutting on the Maitland and Yorketown three-chain road. This was seconded by Mr. E. Davis, and carried unanimously. Messrs. J. Prindiville, J. Kelly, T. Collins, E. Davis, and G. Greenslade were appointed trustees. The dimensions of the building were agreed to, and a subscription-list opened. In less than half an hour £49 were subscribed, with promise of other help in the shape of stone, lime, sand, and labor. The people here respectfully call the attention of the Minister of Education to this. It plainly shows that we mean to help ourselves, and that we are entitled to help from the public funds as well as others. The names of twenty school-going children of over five years of age were given in, and no doubt there would be thirty if the parents that were unable to attend were present. Another meeting will be shortly held to appoint a working committee. Mr. Prindiville, the secretary, was instructed to write to the timber and iron merchants at Port Adelaide to ascertain their prices for material, so that the work will go on at once —The weather is all that can be wished for, alternate rain and sunshine. — The early-sown crops are looking splendid, all the dams are full, and he must be a very selfish man indeed that is not pleased with the season so far ; your correspondent at least is satisfied.
Monday 23 November 1885, South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900) Trove
Mr. A. Gersch, farmer, of Urania, whose water supply was exhausted, decided to try boring, and this week he struck fairly good water sufficient for his requirements at a moderate depth. A petition is being numerously signed asking the Government to thoroughly test this part by boring.
Saturday 28 November 1885, South Australian Weekly Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1881 - 1889) Trove
Port Victoria, November 24.— Reaping has been commenced on some of the farms, and in some instances with good results. Mr. George Greenslade, of Urania, is reaping three bags per acre. Red rust has put in an appearance in most of the crops, but at present it is difficult to estimate with anything like accuracy the extent of the probable damage.
POSTAL MATTERS AT URANIA.
Wednesday 27 January 1886, The South Australian Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1858 - 1889) Trove
A meeting was held at Urania on Tuesday, January 19, to consider the new mail contracts and the necessity of establishing a local postoffice. Mr. J. Kelly presided. Mr. PRINDIVILLE said the district badly needed a post office. He had been holding the private bag for nearly four years, and during that time a great number of letters had passed through his hands. He proposed—"That we memorialise the Government for a post-office and mail, leaving it discretionary with the Minister whether the mail starts from Port Victoria or Maitland." He thought it was a great injustice that the people between Mount Rat and Maitland, a distance of eighteen miles, should after having had a mail three times a week be deprived of it, and be obliged to go to Port Victoria or Maitland to obtain and post letters. He had counted sixty houses between Maitland and Mount Rat within a short distance of the road, not including other houses farther back from it. The people of Urania had been paying for a mailbag for over three years, and the letter returns at Maitland would tell how many letters had passed through the Urania bag. Then a large number of letters were handed to the driver of the mail; in fact, more than were sent to the bag. So great was the necessity for a mail and post-office that as far back as two years ago he was asked if he had a suitable place in which to keep a post office. The Government intended to establish a post-office then, and why should they now deprive them of the mail altogether when the necessity for a post-office was greater than ever? He believed that instead of the Government being at a loss by granting a post-office they would find it a source of revenue, as it would greatly increase the sale of stamps. When the people of Urania were helping themselves by paying for private bags the least they could expect from the Government was their assistance in the carriage of letters. They had waited long enough for a post-office, and meant to agitate until they got it. Mr. CARLAW seconded the motion. He thought they were entitled to a post-office and at least three mails per week. The motion was carried unanimously. The Chairman pointed out that there was a choice of routes. The mail could come from Mount Rat, Wauraltee, Port Victoria, or Maitland. They ought to have their request granted, as they had never asked Government for anything before and had built the school themselves. Messrs. GREENSLADE and TRENERBY also spoke in favor of a post-office and mail at Urania. Messrs. Kelly, Prindiville, Hall, Koch, and Anderson were appointed a committee to draw up a memorial containing the resolution, get it signed, and send it to the Minister of Justice and Education.
Thursday 18 March 1886, The Express and Telegraph (Adelaide, SA : 1867 - 1922) Trove
MAITLAND, March 17. To-day, before Messrs. Jas. Smith and Arthur Short, Mrs. Trenery, wife of Jas. Trenery, storekeeper, Urania, on two charges of selling wine and beer without a licence was fined on the first £10, with £3 10s, costs, and on the second, £1 without costs. The liquor was confiscated.
The weather is still warm and dry, and there is a great demand for water.
Thursday 27 May 1886, The Express and Telegraph (Adelaide, SA : 1867 - 1922) Trove
MAITLAND, May 26. Mrs, Wahlert, wife of Mr. W. Wahlert, blacksmith, of Urania, dropped dead on Tuesday morning, it is supposed from heart disease. An inquest was considered unnecessary.
Wednesday 17 November 1886, The South Australian Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1858 - 1889) Trove
Urania, November 13, Haymaking is nearly finished. In many places it would require a hair-comb to gather it up. I know a farmer here who tilled his land well and expected a good crop of wheat, but he has to cut it for hay, and there is a very little of that. Some of the farmers are carting water, and a great many more will have to commence in a fortnight or three weeks' time. This is not their fault, as they have tanks and dams ready to catch rain if it should come. The wheat crops as a rule are light.
URANIA, November 11.
Saturday 20 November 1886, Adelaide Observer (SA : 1843 - 1904) Trove
A large number of farmers met in the Urania School on the 10th inst. to consider what steps should be taken to obtain an adequate supply of water for the district. Mr J. Prindiville, sen., as Chairman, stated that none of the farmers in the neighbour hood had sufficient water to last to the end of the dry season. Mr. Lovelock proposed— "That the Government be requested to send a boring apparatus to Urania to test the neighbourhood within a radius of 3 miles from the Urania School." He was of opinion that water would be found at a reasonable depth, and felt sure that the Government would grant their request. Mr. McKenzie seconded, and was confident that water would be found at no great depth. Several others spoke in favour of the motion, which was carried unanimously. Messrs. J. Prindiville, J. Kelly, and J. Anderson were appointed a committee to draw up a memorial containing the resolution, and forward it to the Government.
RAIN IN THE COUNTRY.
Saturday 27 November 1886, South Australian Weekly Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1881 - 1889) Trove
Maitland, November 24. Clouds of dust were blowing up till 2 p.m., when a nice light rain fell, and continued till 4.30. The wind has gone down, and there is every prospect of more rain, which is much required. Farmers from Urania are already carting water from the township a distance of 12 miles.
AN EARTHQUAKE SHOCK.
Monday 18 April 1887, The South Australian Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1858 - 1889) Trove
Maitland, April 17. A very severe shock of earthquake was felt here this morning at 25 minutes past 7 o'clock, and lasted about ten seconds. It passed from north to south. The lodgers at both hotels were awakened by the shaking of furniture, as also were Mr. Tiddy and the postmaster's family. At Urania, nine miles away, Mr. Cottrell reports that the walls of his house cracked, and that his family were disturbed by severe vibrations.
Wednesday 11 May 1887, Wallaroo Times (Port Wallaroo, SA : 1882 - 1888) Trove
Friday, May 6, 1887. (Before T. J. S. O'Halloran, Esq., S.M., Commissioner.)
In re John Prindiville, of Urania, farmer. Adjourned final hearing.
Mr Uffindell for the insolvent, and Mr Herbert for the trustee.
Inabilities—£1,000; unsecured £1014 I0s=£2,ll4 10s. Assets—£2,551 10s ; estimated surplus, £437. The estate has been fully realised, and the total amount paid into Court after paying off the secured creditors, amount to £200 8s 6d. From this amount the cost of the insolvency will have to be deducted, so that the amount available for distribution will be very small indeed. The insolvent has been farming on Section No 81 w. hundred of Wauraltee, for several years, and up to January, 1885, he states he could not only pay 20s in the pound, but had cash in the bank and interest in land amounting to something like £900 to £1000, exclusive of his liability at that time. This he arrived at by valuing his land at £4 10s per acre, a price he says he was offered for the land by Mr Bottrell, about four years and a half since. Besides the section 81w., containing 481 acres, he had in 1885, scrub leases of sections 3 and 4, hundred of Wauraltee, containing 897 acres. The insolvent has kept no books, but he has kept a banking account, and states that he passed all his receipts through the bank except about £96, all of which was paid either by cheques or acceptances. For the past three years the insolvent's crops have only averaged three and a half bushels per acre, and during the last twelve months he has lost three bullocks and five horses. Insolvency attributed to bad crops, sickness in family, cost of water carting, and pressure of creditors. The insolvent since his adjudication has rendered every assistance in preparing his schedule and conducting himself to my satisfaction.
Mr Herbert, under section 197, asked that the insolvent be not allowed to pass his final examination until his son's claim was disposed of, and the estate realized on and distributed.
To this Mr Uffindell objected, and contended that a claim once admitted by the Court could not after wards be expunged. In support of his contention he cited the latter clause of section 181 of the Insolvency Act.
Mr Herbert submitted that under section 222 an affidavit was not a proof of claim, and directed the Commissioner's attention to the minutes of hearing at the Adelaide Court.
Adjourned until the estate is disposed of. A maintenance order was made for £5
URANIA. May 26.
Saturday 28 May 1887, South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900) Trove
An entertainment was given in the school room of this place by the scholars on Tuesday evening. There was a crowded attendance. Mr. A. Short. J.P. of Maitland. presided.
Miss Greenslade acted as organist. A long and interesting programme was gone through. The greatest credit was due to Miss Blacket, the schoolmistress, especially as she has only been amongst us four months. A vote of thanks to her was carried unanimously. The weather of late has ben all that could be desired for seeding operations, which the majority of farmers have finished. The early-sown wheat is nicely out of the ground and beginning to cast a green shade over the paddocks.
Friday 3 June 1887, Yorke's Peninsula Advertiser (SA : 1878 - 1922) Trove
May 26. — On the evening of the Queen's Birthday, the 24th inst., the parents and friends of the children attending the Urania day school were Invited by the school mistress (Miss Blacket) to an entertainment given in the schoolroom by the scholars. There was a crowded attendance, over which Mr A. Short, J.P., of Maitland and, presided, Miss Greenslade acting as organist. A very long and interesting programme was gone through, which was appreciated and enjoyed by all. The manner and spirit displayed by the children both great and small in giving their songs, recitations, dialogues, choruses, etc., several pieces being given in character, reflected the greatest credit in Miss Blacket, especially when we consider she has only been amongst us four months. She spared no effort to make the entertainment a success, and was rewarded by the continued applause of the audience. A vote of thanks to Miss Blacket was proposed by Mr. J Kelly, who spoke in eulogistic terms of her services! Mr. Collins seconded the vote, which was carried unanimously. A vote of thanks was also- accorded to the chairman, who in responding said he was pleased to be present, and was also pleased at the success of the entertainment, which had agreeably surprised him. The singing of the National Anthem brought a very pleasant spent evening to a close.-— The weather of late has been all that could be desired for seeding operations, which the majority of farmers have finished, and although we cannot report such glowing accounts as your Mount Rat correspondent, nevertheless the early sown wheat is nicely out of the ground and beginning to cast a green shade over the paddocks. With such a splendid start and soaking, rains we anticipate a good season.—Water carting, which has been a great drawback to many is, and we trust for some time will continue to be a thing of the past, everybody now having good supply.
Friday 16 September 1887, Yorke's Peninsula Advertiser (SA : 1878 - 1922) Trove
An entertainment was given in the Wauraltee Institute on Friday, September 2. Presided over by M. J. Leonard, Esq, J.P., in aid of the Urania State School. Unfortunately, owing to the inclemency, of the weather, the attendance was only fair. The cantata, "The white garland," was given in a most stylish manner, the children being dressed in character. The cantata reflects great credit on the teacher (Miss Blackett) for the energy she must have exhibit to get it up to such perfection. The most amusing part was the tardy scholar (Gregory Prinderville) who caused some amount of amusement. The troublesome scholar (Fred Greenslade) also took well, as also did Margaret Sandilands as queen Elizabeth Prinderville, as Perseverance, Edith Davis, Generosity, Amy Greenslade, Punctuality, Maud Davis and Edith Greenslade, new scholars. There were also several choruses and duets which were given in an excellent manner and without any hitch throughout. This cantata is well worth a repetition, as it is both instructive and interesting. The second part of the entertainment consisted of readings by Messrs. Sandilands and Bowey, recitations by Jas. McKenzie and Janet Sandilands, and song by Margaret Sandilands and L. Prinderville, with two imitation songs by the junior class, which were fully appreciated. Miss Minnie Blackett acted as pianist.
Friday 16 December 1887, Yorke's Peninsula Advertiser (SA : 1878 - 1922) Trove
December 13. —An exhibition in connection with the Urania day school took place at the schoolroom on Saturday afternoon, but in consequence of the busy time the attendance was not large. The work of the children was creditable. The judges were Mesdames T. Hiley, J. C. Leonard and J. Kelly. The following is the prize list:— Under 16—Specimen of needlework, showing every variety of plain sewing, L.Prinderville (special), Amy Greenslade, J. Sandiland. Knitted stockings (full size), J. Sandiland 1 and 2. Under 13 — Needlework, Edith La vies. Knitted stockings, S. Sandiland, M. Gersh. Under 10—Needlework, K. Carty, L. Sandiland. Knitted stockings. R. Sandiland, L. Sandiland. Under 16—Bead work, J. Sandiland. Creirel work, M. Sandiland, L. Prinderville. Tracing work. A, Greenslade. Fancy wool work, A. Greenslade. Under 13—Straw work, E. Sandiland, S. Sandiland. Tracing work^ E. Davies. Miscellaneous — Design of everlastings, J. Sandiland. Wreath of everlastings, J. Sandiland. Washed and ironed white shirt, E. Davies. A. Greenslade. Washed and ironed silk coat, L. Prinderville. Loaf of home-made bread, J. Sandiland. Iced cake, A. Greenslade 2nd. Home-made and baked tarts and Cornish pastie, M. Davies. Collection of home -made and baked cakes, E Davies. Sponge roll and cakes, M. Sandiland. Two lb home-made and baked sponge cakes (special prize). — Kelly. In the evening the school children gave an entertainment, at which the attendance was considerable. Mr. J. C. Leonard, J.P., presided. The first part of the programme consisted of a cantata, entitled " The School Festival," which was very creditably given. The Misses M. Sandiland, L. Prindiville and A. Greenslade, and Masters F. and A. Kelly, G. Prinderville and E. Davies creditably filled their respective parts. The second part consisted of choruses, quartettes, songs, duets, recitations, etc., by the children, gall of which were well received. The teacher, Miss Blackett, deserves every praise for getting up an entertainment of this nature by the children, and it must have been exceedingly gratifying to the parents to witness the successful efforts of their children.
Tuesday 14 February 1888, South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900) Trove
February 13. Whilst Mr. Davis, of Urania was burning scrub today the fire got away and burnt nearly 1,000 acres of grass, also a haystack and sheds, and everything with the exception of a house, which was saved with difficulty, belonging to Mr. Gersch. Fortunately Mr. Gersch had removed all his wheat. He was away with the last load when the fire occurred.
SELECTED POETRY. URANIA.
Friday 27 April 1888, Kapunda Herald (SA : 1878 - 1951) Trove
By Matthew Arnold.
She smiles, and smiles, and will not sigh,
While we for hopeless passion die ;
Yet she could love, those eyes declare,
Were but men nobler than they are.
Eagerly once her gracious ken
Was turned upon the sons of men ;
But light the serious visage grew
She looked, and smiled, and saw them through.
Our petty souls, our strutting wits,
Our Iabour'd, puny passion fits,
Ah, may she scorn them sill, till we
Scorn them as bitterly as she.
Yet show her once, ye heavenly powers,
One of some race more worth than ours,
One for whose sake she might once prove
How deeply she who scorns can love.
His eyes be like the starry lights;
His voice like sounds-of summer-nights
In all his lovely mien let pierce
The magic of the universe.
And she to him will reach her hand,
And, gazing in his eyes, will stand,
And know her friend and weep for glee,
And cry, " Long, long I've looked for thee !"
Then will she weep; with smiles till then
Coldly she mocks the sons of men,
Till then her lovely eyes maintain
Their pure, unwavering, deep disdain.
Yorke's Peninsula Mail Service.
Monday 5 November 1888, The Express and Telegraph (Adelaide, SA : 1867 - 1922) Trove
Minlaton. November 5. A meeting was held at the Institute on Saturday regarding the mail alterations. It was proposed; that, the mail should run from Maitland to Edithburgh, via Urania, Mount Rat, Minlaton, and Yorketown, three times per week ; from Stansbury to Minlaton twice per week ; to Brentwood three ; times; to Warooka, Yorketown, and Oaklands three times; to Bublacowie and Weaver's Lagoon twice per week; and the coast service, from Fort Adelaide to Stansbury, twice per week; and to Edithburgh three times. It was also proposed that alternative tenders should be called for mails from Moonta to Edithburgh in one line, and also in sections.
Monday 26 November 1888, Evening Journal (Adelaide, SA : 1869 - 1912) Trove
MAITLAND, November 24. It was reported that the heat registered 120° in the shade yesterday at Urania.
COUNTRY NEWS. PROVINCIAL TELEGRAMS. MAITLAND AUGUST 4.
Saturday 10 August 1889, Adelaide Observer (SA : 1843 - 1904) Trove
On Friday Mr. Evan Davis, of Urania, met with an accident. One of his horses got entangled in the wire of a fence. In trying to get him out the horse fell on Mr. Davis, breaking one of his legs.
This afternoon Mr. and Mrs. Cussion were driving through one of the back road and the horse shied, throwing the occupants out. They escaped with a severe shaking, but the trap was smashed to pieces.
URANIA, August 3.
Saturday 9 August 1890, South Australian Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1895) Trove
Monday last, the 4th inst , will be long remembered by the young folks in this neighborhood as Arbor Day. The trustees and the parents of the children attending the Urania School, in order not to be behind other schools, as well as to give the children a treat, went to work energetically and made all necessary preparations for the work of tree planting. Great praise is due to the ladies for, providing refreshments for those who did the work of hole - sinking. When all was ready a substantial tea was served out to the little folks, with cake, oranges, and confectionery in abundance, after which they went at their several games and enjoyed them selves to their hearts content till it was time to go home.
The crops are looking healthy, but are backward in growth, caused no doubt through the excessive wet and cold. A few nice warm days would make a great change for the better.
Friday 14 August 1891, The Express and Telegraph (Adelaide, SA : 1867 - 1922) Trove
PORT VICTORIA, August 14. A number of farmers from Kilkerran, Wauraltee, Maitland, and Port Victoria assembled at Urania schoolhouse on Wednesday evening to hear a lecture from Mr. W. McKenzie on the west coast lands. Mr. George Allman presided.
Friday 11 September 1891, Yorke's Peninsula Advertiser (SA : 1878 - 1922) Trove
September 6.—The anniversary services in connection with the Urania Wesleyan Sunday School took place on Sunday August 31, the Rev. L Perry conducting services afternoon and evening. Singing by the children led by Mesdames Davis and Hall, Mr. W. Hall presiding at the organ.—On Tuesday, the annual picnic in connection with the above was held in the school grounds. The day was not one of the best for outdoor amusements, but notwithstanding this, and the many counter attractions, the attendance was good, quite up to expectations, a number of visitors from Maitland, Kilkerran, Wauraltee and Port Victoria being present, and assisted the local people in doing ample justice to the sumptuous tables provided by Mesdames G. Greenslade, E. Davies, J. Kelly, and T. Collins. Tables after tables were filled, and the waiters were kept busily employed from 12.30 to 6 30. Cricket, football, croquet, and other games were heartily indulged in by old and young, and to judge by the pleasant expression, were enjoyed immensely. — The usual meeting was held in the evening in the schoolroom, Mr. J. Kelly presiding, when addresses were given by Rev. L Perry, Messrs B. Newbold, W. Bowey, and Boyce. Singing by the children, Mr. W Hall officiating at the organ. The proceeds amounted to £10.
Country News Urania.
Saturday 21 January 1893, South Australian Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1895) Trove
January 10. Reaping is nearly finished here, and the cry is that the crops have not turned out as good as was anticipated, although they are better than in former years. A public meeting was held in the Urania new Assembly room on Monday evening, January 9 to arrange for a few days recreation and a harvest home. A committee was appointed to carry out the details, consisting of Messrs. Collins, Hall, Gersh, Twelvetree, and Prindiville.
Wednesday 8 March 1893, The Express and Telegraph (Adelaide, SA : 1867 - 1922) Trove
Minlaton, March 7. An accident occurred here last night) to a German family named Schulze living at Urania. Whilst driving from Yorketown the horse ran on to the aide of the road and capsized the trap, which it dragged for some distance. One of the party, a woman, was considerably bruised, and three men were slightly hurt. The horse got staked with the shaft of the buggy.
Urania, July 29.
Saturday 5 August 1893, South Australian Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1895) Trove
The weather here is all that the farmers can wish for, it being sunshiny with occasional showers. The crops are looking well and grass is plentiful.
An enjoyable reunion social, with a supper and dance, was held in the Urania Assembly rooms on July 19, when 40 couples at least took part. Refreshments were provided.
The Bohemian Wanderers gave an entertainment to a good house on Tuesday evening last.
Two additional rooms are to be added to the school teacher's residence, but new furniture is badly wanted for the public school, and it is hoped that the Education Department will see to the matter at once.
Saturday 23 December 1893,
Urania, December 15.
The weather has been very hot lately. On Sunday last it was over 100 degrees in the shade, and the late wheat crops have been dried up. Reaping is general, but only in a very few cases are the returns satisfactory. The farmers who reaped only 2 or 3 bushels to the acre were thoroughly disheartened after all their labor, and they can now only get 2s. 6d. per bushel. This also makes it bad for the poor laborer. The average wheat yield will not exceed 5 bushels to the acre around here.
Monday 29 January 1894,
A NARROW ESCAPE.
Port Victoria, January 23.
A daughter of Mr. J. Collins, of Urania, fell over the jetty here to-day and was saved by James Carlow, who climbed down the piles and held the girl up till a boat came. Six or seven others have gone over the same place and something should be done by the Government immediately. The expense would only be about £20.
Saturday 9 June 1894 p32
COUNTRY NEWS: PROVINCIAL NEWS
Urania, June 1.
On Wednesday evening change in the weather set in, and we have had a storm of wind and rain almost incessantly since.
Yesterday the State School was examined by Inspector Gamble, - The attendance was not so large usual on account of the wet day, but the percentage gained was fairly good notwithstanding, being over seventy.
We are losing some of the neighbours, who are going to the west coast, having taken up land there.
Tuesday 14 August 1894,
URANIA. August 10.
Today was kept as Arbor Day here. The morning was wet, but the sun shone out about noon, and the rest of the day was warm and sunny. There was a good attendance of scholars and parents. The children were put through their drilling and singing in the forenoon, after which the teacher (Mr. Francis) addressed them on the advantages of tree culture, and the useful and ornamental trees of other countries, their size, age, products, and so forth. The children then planted a row of twenty almond-trees, which were procured locally, the Board of Advice not being able to supply any. Games kept the youngsters amused for about three hours. Refreshments were provided in the school-room.
Thursday 30 August 1894,
URANIA. August 25.
Last Monday rain began to fall after a long spell of dry weather. It is raining today. The wheat crop was beginning to suffer.
Monday 22 October 1894,
MAITLAND. October 19.
The town was thrown into a state of excitement on the evening of Show-day, when it became known that a little boy five years of age, son of Mr. W. Hall, of Urania, had strayed from the grounds. A party numbering about fifty kept up a search until 2 o'clock, when it was thought prudent to rest. In the morning a fresh start was made, and kept up until halt-past 10, when Mr. R. Wilson brought the boy in in a trap, having picked him up the evening previously on the road about two miles out. The only information he could get from the child was that his mother had left him behind, and he was walking borne, which he said was a mile or two on the road.
Tuesday 6 November 1894,
URANIA, October 30.
We had showers nearly every day last week, beginning on Tuesday with a thunderstorm, in which three-quarters of an inch of rain fell in twenty minutes. Our local blacksmith killed four snakes the other day. This makes about forty killed during the few hot days we have had. The farmers are busy shearing and carting bales.
Friday 23 November 1894,
URANIA. November 21.
The weather at present is favourable for haymaking. Our hay crops will run an average of something less than a ton to the acre. There are a few good crops of wheat around, but the average is poor. I saw a very largo paddock of wheat the other day at Mount Rat Wells, which from appearances will run 20 bushels to the acre. The paddock belongs to Mr. Gersch, of Urania. There are other good crops about, but none equal to the above.
Thursday 13 December 1894,
URANIA. December 6.
A meeting of farmers was held in the Assembly Hall Iast evening, Mr. Illmann in the chair. There were twenty-two farmers present, and the following resolutions were passed : — That a 25 percent, reduction on present assessment of the land, as promised by the Government, would be acceptable.
That all public servants, now in receipt of £150 per annum and upwards, be reduced on a progressive scale, taking a very large slice off the highly paid officials.
That members of Parliament be paid per sitting, instead of receiving a fixed annual salary, as at present.
The meeting was unanimously of opinion that the Government should reduce expenses instead of further taxing the people, as the farmers cannot be bled any more without bringing on a crisis. The meeting also considered that the present expenditures on Parliament is an outrageous extravagance. The resolutions were forwarded to our local members to be brought before the House.
Friday 14 December 1894,
URANIA. December 11.
A rare piece of mischief was enacted at this quiet township on Saturday night last. Three young larrikins, working for a farmer about a mile or so from here, came down in the middle of the night, and took the wheels oft the black smith's dray. They then went to the post office, and carried off the mail-drivers' wheels and hung them upon a tree. Finally they wheeled the schoolmaster's dogcart in front of the Wesleyan Chapel, tied it to a tree with barbed wire, and filled it with logs and stones.
URANIA, March 5.
Friday 8 March 1895,
Preparations for wheatsowing are already in hand. Burning and scarifying are taking place all round. Not more than two farmers within a radius of five miles attempt to grow fruit or vegetables for the use of their own families.
There is no fruit here to be had for the buying.
The weather at present is unsettled.
Tuesday 9 April 1895,
URANIA. March 28.
The late rains started the grass, but the weather has been so sultry for the past few days that it will soon be dried off unless we have a change. Most of the farmers are ploughing and some have already sown oats.
Tuesday 11 June 1895,
URANIA. JUNE 7.
Rain is much needed.
Tuesday 18 June 1895,
URANIA, June 15.
The recent rain has been a boon to both late and early sown crops. A meeting of about thirty farmers was held in the local hall to discuss Council affairs. The two Councillors for this ward were present, and spoke on various vexed questions with respect to rates, maintenance, officers' salaries, &o. The meeting closed with votes of thanks to the Chairman (Mr. B. Newbold), and also to Mr. Illman, the retiring Councillor, for his services.
Tuesday 25 June 1895,
URANIA, June 21
Light rain has fallen this week, which will keep tho early-sown wheat growing. The rain was insufficient to start the late-grown crops. The local Mutual Improvement Society started its winter session on Monday night.
Saturday 12 October 1895,
URANIA. October 8
Rain is badly wanted, as feed is backward, and there is a poor lookout for the crops. Shearing has started. The children of the local school gave a very successful concert, assisted by some of the old scholars, on Friday evening last. The programme was long and varied comprising songs, recitations, cornet and piano duets, and solos. There was also an exhibition of musical drill, which reflected great credit on the teacher for the efficient way in which it was conducted.
Wednesday 18 December 1895,
URANIA, December 14.
Mrs. Robert Coulter died on Tuesday at the residence of her father, Mr. Illman of Wauraltee, and the funeral took place at the Port Victoria Cemetery on Thursday. The deceased lady, though young, had been a great sufferer for some years.
Influenza is again prevalent. The school had to be closed one day last week on account of the teacher's illness.
Friday 17 January 1896,
Urania, January 14.
Wheatcleaning is just about finished, and for the past three weeks wagons of wheat have been passing through to Port Victoria. We have had very hot weather lately. Last Sunday was a sweltering day, but a thunder storm, accompanied by driving rain, came on about 3.30 p.m. It continued at intervals throughout the night and for the greater part of Monday. Many people were getting short of water, but this timely rain will supply their wants for a while.
Friday 21 February 1896,
URANIA. February 18.
We have passed through a week of very trying weather. On Monday night a furious storm burst upon us. It rained intermittently through the night and all to-day. About three-quarters of an inch has fallen.
Tuesday 24 March 1896,
COUNTRY NEWS URANIA. March 20.
The weather continues dry, although we have threatening cloud. Farmers are busy ploughing, and several hundreds of acres are already sown with oats.
Friday 22 may 1896,
URANIA. May 19
A sudden electrical storm, accompanied by heavy rain, set in on Monday afternoon at 5 o'clock. The thunder and lightning passed off in half an hour, but the rain is still with us. The farmers are now thoroughly satisfied. The 'Bohemian Wanderer' gave a magic-lantern entertainment in the Assembly Hall last week, and was well patronised.
Friday 24 July 1896,
THE WEATHER AND THE CROPS.
Urania. July 21.
The weather so far is just what is required— daily showers, interspersed with sunshine The wheat and oat crops are looking very promising.
Saturday 12 September 1896 p9
URANIA September 8
A miraculous escape from what might have been a serious accident took place on Sunday last. A young man named Cameron lost control of the horse he was riding, and it bolted. In its mad career it rushed into a dogcart, in which wore seated Mr. Pitcher, his wife, and their little baby. The runaway struck the cart on the side and turned it completely over, the occupants being thrown out, the runaway jumping clean over the cart and people. The baby escaped unhurt, its father and mother were a little bruised, and the side of the cart was smashed in.
Saturday 19 September 1896,
URANIA, September 15.
Notice has just come through here of the death of Mr. Hartley. Every one feels that this is a calamity to the colony, and a regrettable loss to the teachers whose just and noble chief he was.
Friday 16 October 1896,
Urania, October 13. Rain is anxiously looked for. The grass is already turning colour, and there is very little feed about. Unless rain comes within a fortnight there will be no crop, as the wheat is shrivelling with the heat of the sun.
Tuesday 26 January 1897,
THE WEATHER IN THE COUNTRY.
Urania, January 23
Nothing of great importance has occurred here lately. The rain which is eagerly wished for is conspicuous by its absence, consequently watercarting is the order of the day. Tanks and dams are running low. The weather is very pleasant, cool, and cloudy. The bad season and short crops have not disheartened the farmers here, as the greater part of them have already started fallowing, following that good old maxim, 'Try again.' We can at any rate turn out some good beef— instance a Moonta butcher coming here and buying up twenty-eight head of primo beef in a couple of days from the farmers. I hear no murmuring or any one here asking for seed wheat. This part of Yorke's Peninsula will not trouble the Government for relief this year; rather they will help to relieve those that are in want of it.
Friday 8 January 1897,
THE WHEAT HARVEST.
Urania. January 4.
The weather is mild. Wheat-cleaning will soon be finished ; two bushels is likely to be the average per acre.
Wednesday 17 February 1897,
URANIA. February 13.
February 12 was a gala day at Urania, Mr. and Mrs. A. Gersch having invited their friends to celebrate their silver wedding. About 200 people sat down to dinner and tea. All present, young and old, heartily enjoyed themselves, friends and neighbours exchanging friendly greetings. The weather is very changeable, and on Wednesday it was 110' in the shade.
Friday 26 March 1897,
URANIA, March 24
A few farmers are sowing oats in the hope of rain coming soon. A good many of the Peninsula farmers are emigrating to the West Coast, and a number of others are turning their attention to the newly opened lands at Franklin Harbour. A Sunbeam Circle has been started here through the exertions of Mrs. Martin, the State-school teacher's wife, and her daughter. About fifteen young people were enrolled on the first evening, and still more are joining. Water has to be carted long distances.
Tuesday 27 April 1897,
URANIA. April 21.
This neighbourhood joins in the general cry for rain. It is pitiful to see poor beasts crawling about the roads looking for water. Water carting is proceeding in earnest, and consequently very little seed has been put in yet. Those of them who have water have dis continued carting and turned their horses out, not considering it wise to sow until the rain comes. Every second day threatens rain, but it always clears off again. The mortality amongst cattle so far has been slight, but the worst time will be when the young grass springs and the cold weather sets in. The paddocks are as bare of feed as the roads.
Friday 2 July 1897,
URANIA. June 29.
A successful bazaar and concert was held in the Urania Hall on June 23 in aid of the Bret Harte Branch of the Sunbeam Society, promoted by Mrs. and Miss Martin. The stalls were presided over by the following ladies:— Fancy stall. E. Martin, D. Davis, A. Hall, and E. Gersch; plain stall, M. Davies, E. Greenslade, and E. Gersch; lolly stall. B. Davies, O. Collins, and L. Gersch. The proceeds amounted to £6 9s. 4d. A ratepayers' meeting wan held here on June 28. Mr. Edson presided. The object was to consider the advisableness or otherwise of building a now Council Chamber at Maitland for the use of the Yorke Peninsula District Council. At present they have to rent the Maitland Institute. A resolution was carried in favour of building a Chamber. This is not final, as Wauraltee is only one ward out of five of the whole district, and there will be a referendum taken on July 5. Tree-planting was also discussed, and it was resolved that the Government be asked to set aside and plant about ton acres as an experiment in the Hundred of Mooloowurtie. The land is useless for agricultural purposes, but has been proved to be suitable for tree-growing.
Wednesday 1 September 1897,
Arbor Day was observed at the State School on Thursday August 26. The children planted a number of trees and vines in the grounds, superintended by Mr. Martin, the teacher. The older boys will make guards to protect the trees. The afternoon was spent in all sorts of games, for which prizes were given by the teacher. Mrs. Martin provided tea for the children and their friends.
Friday 10 December 1897,
Reaping is general. The crops should average about five bushels according to appearances, but as there has been a great deal cut with the binder and is not yet headed it cannot be ascertained exactly yet what they will turn out. The farmers have learned a lesson from Mr. J. Kelly, of Yorke Valley, who cut and headed all his crop lost year, and by doing so gained a rich harvest. He chaffed the straw or hay, and sold the chaff at pounds 5 10s to £6 a ton besides having nearly a much clean wheat to sell as if he left it for the reaper. This is better than the old system of burning the straw.
Friday 11 March 1898,
Trap ACCIDENT.-—Stretching across the main road running through Urania there is a raised embankment which appears as if it were placed there for the inconvenience of unwary travellers, and there on Sunday night last Mr Dan Feehan, who was returning home to Koolywurtie after attending his mother's funeral in Maitland, met with a mishap. The vehicle contained Mr D. Feehan, his wife and child, and Mrs Glacken. Mrs Feehan and child were both thrown out, Mrs Feehan falling between the wheel and the body of the trap, while the child fell on the road some distance beyond the vehicle. Mrs Feehan is much braised and severely shaken. It was feared the child sustained more serious injuries, but it seems to be recovering now. It would be well if the attention of the District Council was called to this place before an accident having more serious results takes place. WATER CARTING is the order of the day and the weather is again veering towards warmth.
Friday 1 July 1898,
From Paskeville to Edithburgh.
Another day, and another start. Soon Urania township was passed through. A township of four buildings — a State school, store and post office, blacksmith's shop, and a church. Urania is nine miles from Maitland. The land to the east of Urania, known as the Urania Plain, is a strong and fertile chocolate loam. To the westward and southward limestone predominates, covered with low mallee except where cleared for cereals. Climbing up a slight rise Spencer's Gulf can be seen. All day showers are swiftly flying northwards, driven by a strong southerly wind. The clouds divide. One succession of showers runs up the west coast, and the other up the east coastline, and thus we escape a wetting.
Mount Rat with its State school and accommodation house is reached and passed. To the west and nearer the coast can be seen Wauraltie Township. From Urania until five miles south of Mount Rat the soil is poor calcareous, Jupiter Cluvius has been most considerate to this dry inferior country by flooding it with copious showers a few weeks since, and in consequence the land wears a verdant smile. One of the oldest settlers informed us that not for nineteen years past have Mount Rat and Wauraltie been blessed with such a fall of rain.
Five miles further on the country has improved. Here we noticed a five-horse team hitched to a plough and being driven by a female, whilst another female was busy harrowing. A little later on we learned that this farm is worked and managed by females, there not being a man on the place! May success crown their labours!
A little later we camp for the night amongst heavy timber, principally peppermint, growing on rich calcareous soil. Next morning the sun rises, but fails to dispel the cold. A few miles through fair agricultural country and we reach Minlaton.
After leaving Minlaton a lady cyclist passes us. We admire the cool way she sits her machine, and make the remark, ' How much more natural, ladylike, and comfortable a lady is on her wheel than most females are on horseback.' By-the-bye, the road from Paskeville to Edithburgh is a splendid one for cyclists ; well-made and in first-class order almost all the way.
Soon the country changes, and for several miles we pass through some of the worst and most useless country to be found in this province.
Reaching Minlacowie Hill we have a most magnificent view of Southern Yorke's Peninsula. To the south a forest of sheaoak and ti-tree. To the west Spencer's Gulf with Hardwicke Bay, forming a beautiful curve, ending in Point Turton with its immense flux quarry, with Corney Point behind. Warooka, a village on a hill, can be seen distinctly on a clear day in the distance, south by west. Down a long and gentle slope for two miles and we are on the Lower Peninsula, where sheaoak and ti-tree take the place of the dull, endless, rolling sea of mallee.
As we near Yorketown the farms appear more numerous and smaller in size than in the mallee country. Lakes take the place of the only small good patches of soil amongst the mallee. During the last two or three seasons these lakes have yielded a more profit able harvest than wheat growing.
From the ' city of churches,' Yorke town — it only has seven — to Edithburgh the country is calcareous with numerous lakes thrown in. In most seasons this part grows wonderful crops of grass, and is a good grazing country, but of late years wheat growing has come down to very light yields. Many farmers are hoping that with the use of seed-drills and artificial manures they may again get good yields, and find themselves on the right side of the ledger when their year's accounts are balanced.
Edithburgh, situated on the east side of the Peninsula, has of late years risen in importance owing to the development of the salt industry. It is how ever, provided with a jetty that is too small for the trade. About twenty-five thousand tons of salt are shipped from here each year in addition to wheat, wool, lime, and other farm produce, to say nothing of the imports.
Edithburgh and Yorketown have not shared with the higher Peninsula in a good downpour of rain. Around these places the country is as bare and dry as three mouths ago. The farmers already look on the dark side. The signs of the season are ominous. Another dry year stares them in the face, so say they.
The general impression one gets from a trip down the Peniusula is the advance made in the methods of cultivation of cereals. The use of the seed-drill and manures steadily increases. The more thorough cultivation of the soil is taking the place of the older " scratch it-in-anyhow " styles. The use of the binder and header is increasing, thus making more use of farm produce.
One thing, however, is much neglected by the majority of farmers — the cultivation of fruit and vegetables. How many farms are there on Yorke's Peninsula that will not grow vegetables at some season? None. A couple of acres of fruit trees would supply the household with abundance of fruit. Apricots, peaches, and vines do remarkably well, and may not other kinds succeed it tried? If fruit trees are planted too thorough cultivation is impossible, but it mast be done at the right time. From practical observation during the past summer the time between seeding and haymaking has proved to be best, and the earlier and oftener the better. The early cultivation absorbs the rain. The later cultivation should be to get a fine tilth on top to retain the winter rains; but, if left until summer advances the moisture is taken away instead of being held in.
from Paskeville to Edithburgh,
The railway from Port Wakefield to Wallaroo Bay is the arbitrary line delineating the northern boundary of Yorke's Peninsula On this line of railway is the prosperous, one-sided, one street of Paskeville.
The district is essentially a wheat growing one. In places the soil is a brown loam, and in others of a calcareous nature. The farm Houses have a neat, cosy, comfortable appearance and proclaim that their fortunate holders have been and are successful tillers of the soil. Paskeville boasts of having alongside of it one of the best farms in the province. On this farm the buildings of stone and iron are substantial and useful, clean, and well cared for. The land under crop has evidence of most careful cultivation. Here as else where in the district seed drills and commercial fertilisers are winning their way.
We left Paskeville just as the orb of day was peeping o'er the Hummocks on the first Monday in May, with the thermometer at freezing point, and a thin white sheet o'er the carpet of green, whilst an east wind, keen, editing, and cold, found its way through alt our wraps. Trudging behind a flock of sheep we looked upon Paskeville as a cold, bleak place during the months of winter. As we moved onwards we found the 'cockies' were early at work, ploughing, sowing, or harrowing with the six or seven horse teams. The favorite team appeared to be seven horses and all abreast.
About seven miles out we passed Kaneton and found ourselves on the three-chain track. Kaneton is a one house village. Around here the soil is a rich brown loam, but ascending a rise we are confronted with miles of malilee, with patches of cleared ground between. The arm, the axe, the fire, and the pluck of the settler have cleared off patches of mallee. Bat alas, nature has not been with the settler, and he (the settler) has had to go. All at once we came upon a strip of land richer and more productive, with crops of wheat coming up well. Here in its natural state, untouched by man, the soil grows mallee of larger size and sheaoak of fair proportions.
Reaching the Tipara dam, 13 miles from Paskeville, we camp for the night. At dawn next morning we are once more on the road. A mile or so of steady climbing and the desolate, stunted mallee growing on a calcareous soil confronts us. Again we strike a strip of fairly rich soil, which has grown timber of fair size and now is being cleared and cultivated for wheat grow ing. Here again we notice that the seed drill is in use.
Now we are in Arthurton with its ono hotel, one store, and two churches.
Leaving Arthurton we come to two roads, one going to Ardrossan and one to Maitland. Taking the latter we at once enter that desolate, dreary, dwindling mallee. Not being able to procure any bread at Arthurton we decide to try and obtain some at the most promising farm house on our road. But farm houses are few and far between. At last we reach one that has a neat and clean appearance outside and resolve to try and purchase a loaf of the staff of life. We knock at every door, front and back, but in vain ; we cannot make anyone hear, although we can hear sounds from within as of a piano being punished, and as we crawl up the road towards Maitland still those cries of distress from that whipped piano assail our ears.
On a little further we camp for the night, while one of us goes to Maitland for bread. The other yards the sheep and prepares the camp and fire for the night's rest. As we sit by that camp fire inhaling the perfume of a grilling chop on the coals and listen to the frizzling sound it emits, we think it sweeter than the shrieking cries of a punished piano.
Again the sun rises and we are on our way towards Maitland. Our industrious little drover and canine friend pauses by a wooden slab on the road side. May be she wishes to shed a tear for one of her species departed. Not having yet learned to read the engravings on wooden slabs we interpret the meaning thereof for her, and tell her this spot is known as the dog's grave and herein lies interred the remains of a medical man's dog.
The fair, prosperous, well built and well laid out town of Maitland is beside us. As we wend our way on the out skirls of the town we have time to admire the panorama that stretches before us. Close at hand a fair and growing town, with the fertile Yorke valley dotted with homeateads lying beneath and stretching away southwards, to the west farms and farms, and further away a long stretch of white sand hills and sway out beyond Ike beautiful blue waters of Spencer's Gulf lit up by the rays of the early morning's sun.
Around Maitland the homesteads speak of past prosperity, the fields of a hopeful season to come. Fruit growing has been attempted, and for certain varieties with fair success. Apricots, peaches, and grapes do very wall ; they seem to luxuriate in the rich calcareous soils. With first-class agricultural land on either hand we reach the four-mile dam. Water there is plenty, but we cannot get the pump to work. Being idle so long, no doubt, it is on strike until its internals are repaired or re placed. Water being a necessity to us and plentiful in the district we moved on to a "cockey's" dam or duckpond, got what we required, and then camped for dinner. Once more on the move we noticed several seed drills at work. In every paddock the farmer was busy. In one we noticed a ten-horse team ploughing (five abreast).
Soon sundown proclaimed another day was done and a cold one it had been, so right glad were we to gather round the camp fire. One knows not what a night might bring forth. When we crept under canvas for the night the bitterly cold south-east wind had crept away and a clear, cold blue sky spoke of a frost, but 3 a.m. found us crawling out of wet blankets and a driving rain beating down upon us. We smiled, for we knew the rain was for the country's good. Placing a few large mallee roots on the fire we waited events. The dawn brought a change, the rain ceased, and mallee rails were praised round a blazing fire. Soon our camp presented the appearance of someone's backyard fence on washing day.
Thursday 5 September 1901,
URANIA, September 3.— The crops, though back ward, are healthy, and the last fortnight has brought both showers and warmer weather. With one or two exceptions the winter's rain has been very light, with the result that dams have not been filled. The Yorke Valley Government dam, which in dry seasons supplies a large district, is still very low. Prospects generally are encouraging, and farmers congratulate themselves upon the outlook.
Friday 20 September 1901,
Urania Sunday-school anniversary was held on September 1. Services were conducted by Rev. J. and Mrs. Raymont. In keeping with former anniversary occasions at Urania, crowded congregations greeted the children and the preachers. On the following day, notwithstanding intense cold wind and occasional showers, the picnic and public meeting were largely attended. Urania is famous for its choice and ample provision at the annual picnic, and from far and near friends gather in homely fashion and pleasant intercourse. The district was and still is in want of rain, but the well-laden tables showed no sign of a reign of want. The evening meeting was addressed by Messrs. Bowey and Colliver, and the minister, with Mr. Kelly in the chair. Miss Greenslade presided at the organ. She had also trained the children to sing, and thus added greatly to the attraction of the services.
Friday 4 September 1903,
September 2. Yesterday; the annual demonstration in connection with the Urania Methodist Sunday-school was held, and hundreds of people from all parts of the district attended. Dinner and tea were provided in the Urania Hall, and additional interest was lent to the day by the laying of the foundation stone of the new Methodist church by Mrs. Joseph Kelly. A cricket match was played between the Urania and Port Victoria clubs, and resulted in a draw as the ground was required for a football match between Maitland and Curramulka clubs. The Curramulka team won by several points. A public meeting was held in the evening.
Friday 11 September 1903,
New Methodist Church at Urania.
Tuesday, September 1, was a redletter day in the history of Urania. Such a crowd of people has seldom, if ever, been seen there. The occasion was the combination of the Sunday school anniversary picnic with the laying of the foundation-stone of the new church.
Services were conducted on the previous Sunday by Rev. J. Raymont and Mr. Bayly.
On Tuesday a public luncheon and tea were provided, the proceeds of which amounted to nearly £29. At 3.30 in the afternoon the people gathered in front of the foundations of the new building. Speakers and a few ladies were accommodated on a neat platform. After singing, prayer was offered by Rev. T. S. Williams (Congregational). Rev. J. Raymont read suitable portions of Scripture, and gave a brief summary of the proceedings. He exhibited a strong, sealed bottle, in which were placed copies of The Register, Advertiser, and Christian Commonwealth papers, a circuit plan, a document with names of architect, contractor, and trustees, &c., and a few current coins of the realm, which were placed in a cavity underneath the foundation-stone. In behalf of Mrs. G. Greenslade and Mrs. Davis, Mr Fred. Greenslade presented Mrs. Joseph Kelly with a beautiful silver trowel with which to lay the stone. Mrs. Kelly proved to be an adept in the use of the instrument, and having finished her task she gracefully declared the stone to be well and truly laid in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. The lion, secretary (Mr. A. W. Kelly) presented a progress report, which showed subscriptions to the amount of £186 15/6. The Rev. D. S. Wylie, of Minlaton, gave a brief address, and the senior circuit steward (Mr. Bowie) offered congratulations on behalf of the circuit. Hearty thanks were accorded to Mrs. Kelly, and responded to by her son, Mr. A. W. Kelly. Offerings were laid on the stone, and the doxology and benediction closed a memorable function. After a tea meeting, which lasted from 4.30 to 8, we managed to hold a short public meeting, with Mr. Joseph Kelly in the chair. The Rev. D. S. Wylie gave an able and appropriate address, and the secretary announced the total proceeds of Sunday and Tuesday as a little over £40.
Nearly the whole of this will go to the building fund. The friends themselves provide all stone, lime, and sand, and all cartage of other material free of cost. The size of the church is 40 ft. by 26 ft, and the contract price, exclusive of seats and lamps, is £251 9/. The specifications are such that strength and beauty will be united in the structure, and it is confidently hoped that by the time the opening services are over there will be but little if any debt remaining. We should have mentioned that the land (one acre) was given by Mr. Fred. Greenslade.
Saturday 9 April 1904,
NEW METHODIST CHURCH.
Maitland, March 30.
The new Methodist Church at Urania was opened on Sunday. The foundation stone was laid in September last, but the completion of the building was delayed through unforeseen circumstances. The building presents a very nice appearance, and is well built of dressed limestone and bricks. It is Gothic in style, with boarded ceiling, and sitting accommodation for about 150. The architect was Mr. Heath, of Moonta, and contractor Mr. D. Breynard, of Maitland. The Rev. James Raymont (minister of the circuit) conducted the opening services. The congregations were very large, and the new structure was filled to its utmost capacity. On Tuesday tea and public meetings were held, when there was again a large gathering from all parts of the district. The Rev. J. Raymont presided. Mr. A. W. Kelly (secretary) made a statement showing that the actual cost in cash had been £416 3/7. The site had been presented by Mr. F. Greenslade. A considerable amount of labor had been given by various friends, also stone, lime, and sand. Donations had also come in very freely, enabling them to open the building with a debt of only about £150. The Revs. T. S. Williams and S. Rossiter gave appropriate addresses. On the motion of Mr. W. Bowey, a vote of thanks was accorded to all who had taken part.— The anniversary services of the Maitland Methodist Church were held on Sunday. The Rev. S. Rossiter preached three sermons. All the services were largely attended. A public tea took place to-day, and this evening Mr Rossiter delivered a lecture on 'A trip round the world,' illustrated by lantern views. There was again a large attendance.
Saturday 30 July 1904 p3
Weddings- first wedding in the church
A very pretty wedding took place in Urania Methodist Church on Jane 30, the contracting parties being Mr. C. A. Tonkin and Hiss O. Collins the church was beautifully decorated. The bride looked charming in a cream figured lustre dress trimmed with chiffon, silk lace and bebe ribbon, and was attended by her sister, Miss Grace Collins, Misses O. H. and Mabel Tonkin, in cream cashmere trimmed with satin and chiffon and scarlet flowers and ribbons. The bridesgroom was attended by Mr. C. H. Collins, F. H. Tonkin and G. J. Collins. A bonteful repast was held in the Urania Hall, which was decorated with scarlet and cream art muslin Toasts were proposed by the Rev. O. Lake, A. Kelly and Mr. Kelly senr., and was responded to by the groom, Messrs 0, H. Collins, Collins senr., J. C. Tonkin and O, Neal, Dancing began at 8 o'clock. Songs were given by Misses Saybee, Kelly and Mr. T, Greenslade. Supper was handed around, and the bridal couple left for Moonta enroute for the city and Wellington, leaving on July, 8 by S. S. Ferret for their home Murat Bay, West Coast, driving a distance of 300 miles from Port Lincoln. The presents were numerous and beautiful including a purse of sovereings, being the first wedding in the church, the bride was presented with a beautiful Bible and Hymn Book.
Saturday 17 September 1904,
September 10. — Mr. Nelligan, a farmer, near Urania, met with a severe accident yesterday. While he was attending to his plough, the horses started off, and he was knocked down, and was entangled in the implement. He sustained severe injuries to his head, and two or three of his ribs were broken. - Dr. Nicholls attended to the injuries.
Friday 8 September 1905,
PICNIC.— On Friday, 1st September, the annual picnic in connection with the United Methodist Church took place at Urania. As usual, in spite of adverse weather conditions (a wild northerly blowing all day), the affair was a great success. Urania is the centre of a large and prosperous farming community and visitors from Maitland, Minlaton, Port Victoria, and the surrounding district flock to that place, and generally succeed in having a real good time, on the 1st. Very few people were left to look after the Post. We look forward in anticipation of a pleasant outing at Urania, and so far have not been disappointed. The good things provided to satisfy the cravings and pangs of the inner man left nothing to be desired, and great credit is due to the ladies and gentlemen who organised and assisted to feed the crowd. Special mention is due to the water-cook who was not to be envied his billet, stoking in the wind. At no time during the day was the water scorched. I did not hear the final financial results of the day, but if any idea can be formed from the frequency the saucer had to be emptied it must have been satisfactory.
CRICKET.—Our cricketers journeyed to Urania on the 1st with a view of collect ing the "ashes," but somehow their anticipations were not realized, and they had to submit to a defeat at the hands of the Uranias, who now hold the proud title of Premiers, having - won three matches out of four. After a well contested game the match resulted as follows : —Urania, 103; Port Victoria, 70. A. Treasure (35) and J Bell (25) were the highest scorers for Urania, and G. Hillier (25) and W. Hillier (24) scored best for the Ports.
Friday 7 September 1906,
THE HOLIDAY passed off very quietly here. Early in the day the town was almost deserted most of the residents journeying to Urania where the annual picnic in connection with the Methodist Church and Sunday School took place. As usual a good crowd attended from all parts of the district and appeared to have real good time. The weather was perfect. A cricket match between Ardrossan and Urania was to have taken place, but unfortunately the Ardrossan team did not turn up. A scratch match was, therefore, arranged and played. The tennis court was patronised and the usual games and a list of sprinting by the younger generation all helped to make the affair a success. As usual a grand spread was prepared by the ladies and competition was exceedingly keen in securing seats for the event. Luncheon, tea and supper were all well patronised, and the committee were wall satisfied with the amount received as proceeds. A public meeting was held in the evening and was largely attended. Addresses were delivered by the Rev O. Lake and Messrs A. Kelly and W. Bowey, and several musical