... Tickera Home Page ...

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Tickera as seen in Google Street View


Hundred of Tickera. - Commencing at the north-west corner of the Hundred of Wallaroo; thence east along the north boundaries of the Hundreds of Wallaroo and Kadina. to the north-east corner of the latter Hundred; thence true north to the sea-coast; and thence south-westerly along the sea-coast to the point of commencement.

The town of Tickera, 16 km North-East of Wallaroo, was proclaimed on 5 October 1882 and Tickera School operated from 1884 until 1958. The Hundred of Tickera School opened in 1901 and became ‘Cairn Hill’ in 1909. Tickera West School opened in 1883 and became ‘Brucefield’ in 1885

Tickera. SA Memory

Tickera is a small coastal town some 20 kilometres by road north of Wallaroo. Surveyed in 1882 the town developed slowly with very few blocks bought in the first sale in September of that year. The town never grew as anticipated when the original call for a small town in the area was made.

A school opened briefly in 1887, but the first teacher, Frederick Filsell, resigned on 30 September of the same year. The new teacher, Sarah Pascoe, was not appointed until May 1892. The school closed in 1957.

A Methodist Church was built in 1889.

The Tickera Hotel opened in September 1884, with Charles Alford as the first publican. The hotel closed in October 1905 when it was purchased by the temperance movement.

By the early 1970s land at Tickera was being taken up by people looking for holiday homes and a congenial location for retirement. Nearly 100 years after it was declared Tickera was finally enjoying a small boom.

Tickera in the Newspapers


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Kadina and Wallaroo Times (SA : 1888 - 1954), Saturday 22 July 1911, page 2



The town of Tickera was the scene of a very pleasing ceremony on Friday, the occasion being the official opening of the newly erected school, which has been built by the Education Department in response to the request of the residents of the town and district, which had been supported by the School Board of Advice, and the members for the district. The building which is designed on the most modern lines, is situated in an ideal position, and is recognised by experts to be one of the best school buildings of its size that is to be found in Australia. It has been constructed in accordance with plans and specifications prepared by the Public Works Department, by Messrs W. Muliken and Harwood of Kadina, and consists of a schoolroom, the inside measurements of which is 24 ft. by 24 ft., and a teacher's residency consisting of four rooms, kitchen and bathroom, and a front verandah, and has entailed an expenditure of aboat £1,300. On Friday about 11 o'clock, the Minister of Education and the Acting Director of Education arrived at Tickera by motor car. They were met on their arrival by the following members of the School Buard of Advice: — Messrs J. Malcolm, P. Roach, J. Mitchell, and W. Symons.

Mr J. Willis on behalf of the residents of Tickera and district, of which there were between two and three hunndred present, in a brief speech extended a hearty welcome to the visitors. A guard of honor, which was arranged by Captain J. Watt D.S.O., consisting of buys of the school was drawn up to receive the visitors.

The Minister of Education (Mr Coneybeer) in officiary declaring the school open, congratulated the residents of the town and district upon the splendid building which had bees erected, and expressed his pleasure at seeing such a large representative assemblage of parents and friends of the school present. He made reference to the Education Bill which was to be placed before Parliament and outlined some of its principal provisions. He also referred to the steps which were being taken to preside increased facilities for the education of children in sparsely settled districts, and other matters connected with the working of the educational system.

Mr A. H. Keale also delivered an address, in the course of which he made an appeal to the parents to cooperate with the teacher in the work of the eduration of their children.

Mr J. Malcolm, who presided, took the opportun ty of expressing his pleasure at the accomplishment of the scheme for providing an up-to-date school at Tickera, in connection with which the School Board had been working for some considerable time.

A vote of thanks was accorded to the visitors on a motion proposed by Mr J. Willis and seconded by Mr F. Bayne.

The visitors were afterwards entertained at luncheon by the residents of Tickera, at the conclusion of which a vote of thanks was accorded to them for their hospitality on a motion proposed by the Minister of Education. which was acknowledged by Mr J. Willie, who expressed their pleasure at having the honor of entertaining them.


Opening of the War Memorial at Tickera - State Library of South Australia - B 34706

Mon 2 Apr 1923, The Register (Adelaide, SA : 1901 - 1929) Trove

TICKERA WAR MEMORIAL. KADINA, March 29. — The unveiling of a war trophy at Tickera on Wednesday afternoon attracted the largest gathering of the kind yet held in the town. The function, over which Mr John Willis presided, was held in the school-room, which was not adequate to accommodate half of those present, and was marked by great enthusiasm. After a patriotic address by the Chairman, Cr. A. J. McDonald (on behalf of the District Council of Ninnes), handed over the war trophy, as a perpetual memorial of the Great War, and of the bravery and self-sacrifice of our boys. Mr Willis accepted charge of the trophy on behalf of the Tickera school committee. Mr A. F. Coghlan then unveiled the Tickera honour roll and enlarged photographs of Ptes. Gully, Johnson, and Taylor, and expressed his deep appreciation of the honour conferred on him. The Rev. T. P. Willason (Chairman of the Wallaroo school committee) delivered a stirring address. A vote of thanks to all who had assisted in the historic function was carried by acclamation, on the motion of Mr.E. Lee. Tea was provided by the ladies.

Tickera Memorial Park

Yorke Peninsula Heritage Survey 1997

Screenshot 2018-2-01 13.35.11


Paterson, R. M. & Price, E. L. 1984, From Stumps to Stubble: A History of the District of Bute, District Council of Bute, p. 506

Weidenhofer Architects, Historical Research Pty Ltd, Austral Archaeology page 90


This memorial park contains a granite monument with marble statue containing the names of local soldiers who fell for their country


The social and economic impact of the two World Wars was deeply felt by small communities such as Tickera, which commemorated the sacrifices made with pragmatic memorials such as this park.


(a) it displays historical, economic or social themes that are of importance to the local area.(e) it is associated with a notable local personality or event.


Approval for the establishment of a soldiers' memorial in Tickera was granted by the District Council of Ninnes in October 1919 and 8 acres of parkland were fenced for the purpose. Under the auspices of the Tickera Soldiers' Memorial Fund, which commenced in March 1920, moves were made to develop the park. The War Memorial, similar to that at Alford, was unveiled by the Town Clerk of Wallaroo on 1 October 1921 and a month later a field gun was acquired from the War Trophy Committee to incorporate into the memorial.

Recommendation: Local Heritage Place BW:075


Wed 14 Aug 1889, The Kadina and Wallaroo Times (SA : 1888 - 1954) Trove

The largest gathering that was ever witnessed in the township of Tickera, assembled on Wednesday last, August 7, to take part in the ceremony of laying two of the corner stones of the new church. Shortly after 3 o'clock the service was commenced by the singing of a hymn followed by reading and prayer.

The Rev. J. Collings then reminded those present of the gale that had made so serious a bisea^b in the integrity of the Springfield Church, and detailed the circumstances that led to the removal of the structure from Springfield and to its re-erection in the township of Tickera.

Under each stone was placed a copy of the last issue of the Kadina and Wallaroo Times and a document setting forth the objects for which the building was erected, and the persons by whom the stones were laid.

Mr; Collins then called upon Mr J. H. Mitchell, of Kadina, to lay the first stone.

Mr MITCHELL expressed the pleasure he felt in the fact that they had conferred on him the honor of taking so prominent a part in the erection of their Church.

He ever felt it an honour and a privilege to be connected m any way with the Church of Christ and was glad of the opportunity to publicly acknowledge the great joy and benefit he received through that connection. He reminded them that in all ages stones had a symbolical as well as a practical use, and had frequently been used as memorials of some signal deliverance or blessing or as the symbol of some covenant, as the stone that Jacob set up at Bethel and those that Joshua caused to be placed on the banks of the iJordan.

Amongst the early ancestors of the British race the same symbolic use prevailed. He hoped that these stones would not only form an essential part of the building but that they would be to them memorials of their dependence upon God, and symbols of their love for Him, and of their desire for and determination to share in His worship and service.

In laying the second stone, Mr GEORGE, of Port Broughton, said he was come among his own, many of those present having known him from boyhood. They were to-day taking part in a building that they hoped would endure for many years, and be a permanent blessing to them, to their children, and to the neighbourhood in which they dwelt. As individuals they bad each to build for themselves in life. He hoped they would seek to build their characters and their reputation on honor, "truth and Christ, No life would be complete, no success would be permanent unless founded on these. Men have risen up eminence, have endured for awhile and then sent into oblivion because they had opt that, moral stamina that communion with and dependence upon Christ would give. No life could be strong and successful unless it was built upon the name and was in harmony with the will of God, Stones exposed to the light, set in place for useful purpose, hardened, and thus became durable : so men set to work would often develop talents of the possession ot which they were ignorant. Brought into the light, given their task, they soon became successful Christian workers. Every stone could be used somewhere, and we, young and old, could use our powers in useful work for Christ. Trained in christian principle and doing christian work they would be an honour to themselves and a blessing to others.

After a large number of contributions had been laid on the stones the company adjourned to the schoolroom, where for more than two hours the ladies were busily employed dispensing creature comforts. In the evening a crowded meeting was held, presided over by Mr J. Pearce, and addressed by Mr George and the Rev. J. Collings. The Secretary (Mr A. Patterson) presented the following financial statement : Work done (carting, raising stone, &e.), £25 ; cash laid on stone, £14 11s 7d; taken at tea tables, £10 Is ; Sunday's collection, £2 9s ; Wednesday's collection, £3 Os 6 1/2d--total, £55 2s li 1/2d. A hearty vote of thanks to the ladies, Mr Mitchell and Mr. George concluded a most successful day's proceedings.

Tickera Church

Yorke Peninsula Heritage Survey 1997

Screenshot 2018-11-01 13.35.42

Recommendation: Local Heritage Place BW:077


This simply proportioned former church is constructed of limestone rubble walls with rendered quoins and architraves. Windows are multi-panelled with lancet heads. The corrugated iron clad gable roof is terminated by brick parapets.


The importance of religion in the lives of the local community is reflected in the priority that each community placed on the construction of churches.

(c) it has played an important part in the lives of local residents.


The first services in the Hundred of Tickera were conducted by Brother Yeoman in John Pearce's house in 1879. At Springfield, on Section 41, Hundred of Tickera, a Bible Christian Church was completed in 1887. This church was also known as the Hector Plains Church and one of its trustees was John Pearce. Two years after its completion the end wall of the church collapsed , the result of a storm in 1889. A debt of £120 combined with the age of the building prompted the decision to try and repair the damage.

Meanwhile, Primitive Methodist services had been held in the Tickera School in the township of Tickera from the mid-1880s. However, in 1889 the Primitive Methodist Quarterly meeting decided to withdraw services from Tickera. The townspeople then decided to form a new church trust and take over the debt and materials of the Springfield Church, in order to build a new church at Tickera, some five miles away. Lot 44 in the Tickera township had been set aside for the church and the building was constructed with the voluntary help of the men of the congregation, who quarried and carted the stone and sand and burnt the lime necessary for the mortar. The foundation stones were donated by the Wallaroo Mining Company and were laid at two comers of the church by J H Mitchell of Kadina and W J George of Port Broughton on 4 and 7 August 1889.

Mrs 0 Lake conducted the opening services of the Tickera Church on 22-23 October 1889. Mr W Duncan of Wallaroo renovated the church in 1904 and the building was again renovated in 1913. Church services and Sunday School at Tickera were discontinued after September 1953.


Kadina and Wallaroo Times (SA : 1888 - 1954), Saturday 21 February 1914, page 2

Harvest thanksgiving services were held in the above church on Sunday and Monday, February 15th and 16th, to which the Rev. A. Morris supplied the pulpit. A splendid gathering assembled. Special and pleasing anthems were sung by a combined choir under the baton of Mr Harry Lower, of Adelaide. On Monday evening the services were continued, followed by a concert and social, at which Mr R. Pearce was chairman. The following ladies and gentlemen took part Mrs Morris, Misses A. Brace, M. Sharpies, 6. lower, O. Hntobinga, L. Matthews, and Meaera 0. Hollands. H. Lower, L. Colliver, and B. Hutchings. An address was also given by the Rev. A. Morris. The ladies of Tickers supplied supper, which was much enjoyed. Miss Lily Lower officiated most ably at the organ. A vote of thanks, moved by Mr Hodges and seconded by Mr W. Bruce, brought a most successful gathering to a close.


Thu 15 Oct 1953, The Kadina and Wallaroo Times (SA : 1888 - 1954) Trove

Because of the changed conditions existing at Tickera, very different from the early days when the church was built, it has been decider to close the Tickera church. Those who until recently have attended there will transfer their loyalties to the Alford Church and Sunday school. A service of thanksgiving for the past record of Methodist witness in the community will be held on Sunday, October 25th, at 3 p.m. Rev. P. J. Phillips will be the preacher. Books will be distributed to the children who have been attending Sunday school in recent years.


Sat 16 Jul 1881, South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900) Trove

July 12. A public meeting was held here lately to consider the beat site for a school. One or two strongly advocated that it should be on the forest reserve, but the majority were in favour of it being at the seven crossroads or at the site of the proposed township of Peela Weela, which is most central, and certainly would accommodate the largest number of children....


Tue 4 Sep 1883, Yorke's Peninsula Advertiser (SA : 1878 - 1922) Trove

The Hay crops in the Hundreds of Tickera Mid Peela Weela this year will be tremendous, a bundle of green feed brought in by Mr Kinoear, of Tickera, grown on his section, measured five feet and a half, most of the Crops of about 200 acres is this extraordinary height, whilst the head is only just forming in the stalk....


Thu 20 Mar 1884, South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900) Trove

Wallaroo. March 19. A shocking accident occurred at Tickera last night to a little girl aged 4 years, a daughter of Mr. Pascoe, a farmer. She was sent down to the paddock with a bottle of tea for a man engaged in clearing the scrub. In the evening the child not having returned a search was made for her, but it was fruitless. Her charred remains, however, were found this morning not far from the house. It appears that some scrub was being burnt, and the child's clothes caught fire. The poor little thing had travelled two or three hundred yards before falling, and all her clothes were burnt off. The police communicated the circumstances to Mr. D. Bews, J.P., to day, who deemed an inquest unnecessary, and gave the usual certificate. Great sympathy is felt for the bereaved relations.

Sat 14 Jun 1884, Adelaide Observer (SA : 1843 - 1904) Trove

NOTICE is hereby given that, pursuant to Clause 28 of the Licensed Victuallers Act, 1880, I CHARLES ALFORD of Tickera, did on the fourth day of June, 1881, DEPOSIT with the Clerk of the Midland licensing Bench, Clare, PLANS of a HOTEL proposed to he erected by me on Allotment No. 7, TOWNSHIP of TICKERA, to be called the Tickera Hotel, In respect of which I intend to apply for a Publican's Licence in due course. Dated the 10th day of June, 1884.


Sat 13 Sep 1884, Adelaide Observer (SA : 1843 - 1904) Trove

September 6. On Monday evening we were visited by a few light showers, which did an amount of good to the wheat. More is, however, required, as the late-sown crops are looking very short and thin....


Fri 31 Jul 1885, Yorke's Peninsula Advertiser (SA : 1878 - 1922) Trove

We are indebted to our contemporary for the following report: — A public meeting was held at Rayson's Hotel, Tickera, on Saturday evening, July 25, for the purpose of considering several wants of the district....


Sat 26 Sep 1891, Adelaide Observer (SA : 1843 - 1904) Trove

Kadina, September 23. A daughter of Mr. James Pascoes, aged six years, fell into an open tank at Newtown this afternoon, and was drowned before any one knew of the occurrence. This is the second fatal accident in the same family, as three or four years ago Mr. Pascoe lost a young lad through being burned to death in a scrub fire at Tickera...


The prediction of the Government Meteorologist that unsettled weather would be felt in this colony on Friday last was verified to the full in the Hundreds of Tickera and Kadina. A little showery in the morning, the wind increased in force by midday until it culminated in a sharp storm and a heavy fall of rain. At least that was oar experience in Kadina; but those who were not out in the tornado have no conception of the fearful position of human beings when the storm was at its height. It first struck the coast about four miles south of the township of Tickera. Mrs Oliphant's crop, some 500 acres, was flattened out and battered. Then Mr Hamence's 150 acres, and Mr Amos Bickley's, 100 acres; also the crops belonging to other settlers adjacent to and in the track of the storm. The width of the area affected was here about 3 J1/2 miles. To use the graphic language of one who inspected the havoc wrought: " It looked as though the crops had been flattened out by a 10-ton roller.'' Starting a north-easterly course the storm divided, one portion skirting Alford and turning off towards the Broughton, while the southern part worked away south-easterly, passed within seven miles of the town of Kadina, and, skirting the western side of the Hammocks, lost itself to the Gulf. This is the well-defined direction as proved by the plentiful traces left by the storm from Tickera onwards. A pitiable waste of property has been the result. Just now, when the harvest prospects were better than they bad been for three years, the waste of so much good grain is very discouraging. It is well known that several struggling selectors had spoken most hopefully of their prospects, and that they expected— and with good reason—a very substantial return for their arduous labour. Now it has been suddenly and rudely dispelled. The pleasures of hope have given place to the bitterness of disappointment. Can any country show a better class of people than our scrub settlers? For arduous and continuous toil, followed frequently by unprofitable returns at harvest, time, their experience is often unique. Yet on they go, year in, year out, ever looking for the ideal harvest that shall make amends for all short comings. Drought and red rust were responsible for the poor yields of the previous years, but this time the anticipated outturn was to be 7 bushels per acre. Conversation with the settlers has revealed the fact that many of them had two bags to the acre as the result of the strippers' work. There is no guesswork about that. One sufferer had a lovely piece of White Lammas partly reaped, the result being 2J 1/2 bags to the acre. In no case was a return of less than 6 bushels expected. These opinions and facts strengthen the position taken: that approximately the area affected cannot be less than 8,000 acres. Other judges say that the total is greater even than that. Anyhow the majority agree that the yield would not have been less than 6 bushels. Taking the factors given above, estimates though they be, any one can easily figure out for himself the total loss. Of course the houses that have been damaged most be taken into consideration; so mutt the stabling destroyed; and one must not forget the rubbish and firewood that will have to be cleared away, the fences to be repaired, and the dams that want at tending to. No one not present can picture the scene. Personal observation was absolutely necessary. Even two days after, the narrative of John Farrell, jun. seemed too ramantic for such a dry matter-of-fact region. However, his story does not depend upon himself or even his wife. Others had somewhat similar experiences. Farmers who have suffered worst speak of the experiences as awesome. Old colonists say they never saw anything like it. One man asserted that a description of an American blizzard was the only adequate comparison. Some of the personal narratives are most pathetic. One hears of the heroic conduct of men when striving to shelter and soothe the terrified women, while the pitiless storm of massive hail beat upon their bare beads and arms. There was no shelter in their swaying houses; no hope of safety except upon open land; nothing but a struggle through the blinding storm and partial darkness for the sake or dear ones. John Farrell jun., gave proof of much heroism, as the following details will show. When it struck Tickera coast the tornado simply flattened the wheat and churned it up with the soil. There are but few heads to be seen. Nearly all the chaff and straw were blown away. Peppermint-trees were smashed into small pieces; tall mallees were torn up by the roots; while paddocks of excellent feed were beaten into mud. Farrell's farm is about four miles from the township of Tickera. The house was of stone, with three rooms, and with the rafters set in masonry. The galvanized-iron roof was torn out, and carried about 50 yards, and also the matchboard ceiling. The furniture was chipped, and pictures, ornaments, and crockery were beaten to pieces. The house was rocking. Two native pines 40 ft. high around the house, with trunks the girth of a man's body, were torn up by the roots or broken off to swell the swirling surge of water, timber, and debris. The position was so alarming that Farrell was determined to make for the clear land a hundred yards from the house. Taking his terrified wife by the hand he piloted her through the dangerous drift under blinding bail. On the fallow land, with one knee against a stump jumping plough to support him, stood the man with his back to the storm : his crouching wife he held close to his breast with his left arm, while his right hand he covered the back of his neck. For a few minutes they thus waited until the fury of the storm was past. A neighbour helped to shovel the hailstones oat of Farrell's roofless house. Some of the hail was as large as hen eggs, and was piled up in the corners 2 ft. deep—in fact, it had covered a clothes trunk. The balance of his crop of 70 acres had been threshed out. On the flat was a heap of Steinwedel from which he had cleaned fifty bags. A good deal of this was scattered for a distance of ten chains. The wheat became mixed with the muddy debris, and around the wheat heap was a pool of water about a foot deep. The rainfall was exceptionally heavy there. Farrell's wife, who is not strong, had recently been under medical care. They have no children, so have been spared anxiety on that ground. Farrell had about 200 acres under crop promising from ten to twelve bushels. He had a stuck of hay, of which several tons are scattered through the scrub.

The adjoining farm belongs to Mr Gordon, who lost nearly 200 acres of his crop. He was driving a stallion in a dray when the storm came on. The animal became almost frantic with terror. The owner stuck to the reins, his arms being bruised by the hail. His two-roomed kitchen had the doors and windows battered in.

Mr John Glasson lost 130 acres, having an average of 6 bushels. The ground is pitiably bare. The wind blew a heavy wagon containing a winnower about a hundred yards. The wire fence was sent into the Tickera-road, upon which the farm abuts. The stable was demolished, and the horses galloped off, carrying away a six-wire fence in their mad course.

Mr Thomas Bennetts lost about 170 acres, having an average of 7 bushels. He was driving two horses in a wagon; the animals became unmanageable, but he stuck to the reins and controlled them. He is one of the hardest workers in Tickera, and his prospect of being free of all liabilities this year is dispelled.

Mr Thomas Larcombe said he had just got home with his wagon when the storm came on. He released the horses, and let then go with the harness. They tore their way through three two-wire fences to reach the shelter of the scrub. Mr Larcombe fearing the house was coming down took his wife and child to bare ground. He had a crop of 100 acres, having an average of 6 bushels. He had reaped one machine full, but it had all gone. The wagon was blown about five chains.

In the farms above referred to the destruction of 1,500 acres of good wheat was complete. A radius of three miles would cover the lot. Unfortunately they were not the only farms affected in the locality. What is here written, however, shows the destruction within a small compass. When the storm struck Farrell's it was just on the trend south-easterly and it was doubtless this condition that made it deal so severely with the house. A clearly defined, track thence towards the western boundary of Peela Weela was made, the crops touched on the way vanishing with magical celerity. Let us briefly examine the effects ss the tornado reached the Alford-road about eight miles from Kadina. Mr M. Harris was one sufferer. Another was Mr Edyvean, who lost 200 acres; in some parts the machine took off at the rate of 9 bushels to the acre. Mr David Edyvean was out with a team of three horses reaping when the storm came down. He slewed the horses so as to get the machine between him and the weather, and then hung on to the reins manfully till the storm abated. In his own words, " I began to think I should never get out of the paddock alive." He showed the bruises on his arms caused by the hail; some of the marks were three-quarters of an inch across. One of the farm hands who was reaping in the same paddock turned his horses' backs to the storm end stood in front of them, holding the leaders. His hat was blown off and the hail beat upon his head so severely as to cut it in five places. When the storm abated they found that the storm had left nothing to reap, so they just drove home. On the other side of its track the Storm mashed up Mr Borlace's 130 acres. Farther on it annexed 200 acres from Mr Trainor. At Thomas's Plains it was also very destructive, and Mrs Ramsay estimates her loss at £350. It has been shown that for 16 miles, at a width of over three miles, tbe storm raged furiously and destructively—and that it did equal damage to crops at Thomas's Plain, and at Tiekera. Some 2,000 acres has heen absolutely viewed since the storm, and its damaged condition speaks for itself. This land was within a radius of three miles in one place and of about two miles in another. At the present market price the wheat loat on the farms referred to was equal in value to £4,000. Of the 50 odd square miles of country between Tiekera and Thomas's Plain the area described constitutes but a portion of the cultivated land. Without fixing upon a decided sum as the total loss—as a matter of fact no one has done that—it may be safely assured that the whole damage never will be known. This may at least be said: for severity and deatruotiveness, this part of the colony had never known such an experience as was afforded by the Tiekera tornado.



Mon 14 Dec 1891, Evening Journal (Adelaide, SA : 1869 - 1912) Trove

Kadina, December 13. A destructive cyclonic storm occurred in the Hundreds of Tickera and Kadina on Friday at about 1 p.m. It started near Mrs. Olifents farm, on the coast near Tickera, and travelled in a north-easterly direction...


Sat 22 Jun 1901, The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931) Trove

Wallaroo, June 20. Mr. T. J. S. O'Halloran, S.M., and a jury, held an enquiry concerning the death of Ernest Engel, of Tickera, laborer, on June 19, at Tickera. From the evidence it appeared that Engel was working at the Tickera Flux Works for Mr. D. Taylor, and that Mr. White, a farmer, of Tickera, reported to the police a few days ago that Engel was missing....


Sat 27 Dec 1902, Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1895 - 1954) Trove

Kadina, December 17. Mr. Edgar Manners, a fisherman, of Tickera, had a novel experience on Monday last. Four whales were floundering about in the water, the smallest one measuring 18 ft. long. While he was trying to round them into the channel one broke away. Manners gave chase, and succeeded eventually in getting the four whales from the channel on to the flats which abound on the Tickera coastline. Once the fish grounded it was easy work, and after a while they were dispatched. Mr. Manners should get well paid for his trouble with the returns secured for the whalebone and oil he will obtain from the monsters.


Sat 6 Jun 1903, The Express and Telegraph (Adelaide, SA : 1867 - 1922) Trove

Can any good thing come out of Tickera? writes our correspondent. Lately we have been having a series of surprises here. There have been discoveries beyond dreams, and many have proved themselves only dreams. Some little time ago we were startled at the news that, in addition to limestone flux, of which there is any quantity, a local resident had found ironstone. The stone is there undoubtedly, but he is evidently waiting for a rise in prices to work it. Next, a fisherman had made his fortune by snaring three small whales, and beaching them. He was going to supply the world at large with whale oil. He succeeded in getting the health officer to visit him a few times, but so far the oil remains unsold. Now two local men, Messrs. Johnson and Manners, have found a large growth of kelp in the salt lagoons of Kanaka Creek, and they estimate their find as worth about £700 or £800, after having had it sampled. But the climax was reached when one day lately Captain Hannan, of the ketch Torrens, while engaged in loading limestone flux at Campbell's quarries, hauled up a real pearl. The stone was contained in a razor fish. It is of the round variety, and is about a quarter of an inch in diameter. A strange vessel being in the immediate vicinity of the find today, we are wondering whether Captain Hannan has reported his find, and her crew are trying their luck at pearl fishing.


Wed 5 Aug 1903, The Kadina and Wallaroo Times (SA : 1888 - 1954) Trove

On Sunday last a good number of persons assembled at Tickera for the purpose of assisting at the anniversary services of the Methodist Church in the afternoon and evening. Daring the interval between the two services a number of men, varying in age from 14 to 30, put in their time-by playing up all the hooligan mischief that they could find to do. The most, conspicuous and mischievous was when they seized the trolly which is used by the fishermen to haul up fish from the boats to the bank. The trolly runs on an incline which is pretty steep!. Those people, who had been to Church in the afternoon and intended going again in the evening, hauled the trolly up to the top of the incline by the windlass. Then they set to work with an energy worthy of a, better cause and filled the truck full as ever it would, hold with rocks and other heavy material. As soon as all was ready, at a given signal, the windlass was let go, and away went the trolly with its heavy load for all it was worth, bang, smash, to the bottom of the incline, and was very much injured. Then these " men," bearded men some of them, laughed like a lot of school boys, and as they had damaged the property of the poor fishermen, who were absent, they thought themselves fine, clever fellows. A gentleman who happened be there spoke to them about what they were doing, and all he got for his pains was a whole lot of "Billingsgate" of the vilest description, such as he had never heard before in the lowest slums. And yet not two hours previously these very persons had been "praising God" with the same mouths and voices that uttered language that would have made a bullock-driver blush.

It appears that this was a repetition of an annual event, as every time there is anything on at the Church some of the congregation "enjoy" themselves in this fashion; The cowards knew perfectly well that the owner of the trolly and landing place was absent, and that no police protection was to be had; but we strongly advise them not to repeat such ruffianly conduct, as the next time there are any festivities at Tickera they will be closely watched. The police have been informed. Everyone knows that the calling of a fisherman is but poorly paid, and to destroy the property of the poor is a mean, cowardly, and unmanly act. There is no doubt that if anyone injured or smashed anything belonging to any one of those hoodlums they would howl and wail like whipped curs.


Mon 30 Nov 1903, The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931) Trove

Tickera, November 26. A youth named Lukeman had a narrow escape from death on Saturday. He, with others was engaged quarrying flux, and after knocking off for the day he started wrestling with another young man. They got too close to the quarry face, and Lukeman fell over, his companion nearly following. Lukeman escaped with a severe shaking and a few cuts and bruises.


Wed 6 Jan 1904, The Express and Telegraph (Adelaide, SA : 1867 - 1922) Trove

Tickera, January 3. Snakes are not usually considered pleasant company at any time, and when they elect to get in one's bed they are even less desirable. One day last week Mrs. Willis, a local resident, discovered one on her bed, but during the panic that ensued the serpent got away. On Sunday, however, he again made his appearance in the same place, and was disabled by Miss Gervasi with a stone. Mr. J. McIntosh afterwards dispatched the reptile.


Fri 15 Jan 1904, The Register (Adelaide, SA : 1901 - 1929) Trove

Tickera. January . A heavy gale occurred last Saturday night. There were several vessels in harbour, and two of them dragged their anchors for a considerable distance....


Sat 5 Mar 1904, Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1895 - 1954) Trove

Tickera. February 29. A law case that has caused considerable amusement locally was heard last week at the Local Court, Kadina. It was the outcome of Mr. Edgar Manners' haul of whales on the Tickera flats over 14 months ago. According to some accounts, a fortune of no small dimensions was assured the lucky finder from the sale of the blubber. The amounts varied from £250 to somewhere about £500. However, after the whales had lain a few days in a heap together in the sun (the parties concerned being busy getting appliances for treating the oil), it must have been anything but a pleasant job to strip the blubber off the carcases. However, it was done, and the result was about 200 gallons of oil, and for his share of the oil (100 gallons), E. Manners sued C. O'Connor, soap-maker, for the sum of £5. O'Connor admitted the debt, but claimed £2 18/ as rent for a pan to treat the oil, casks, &c. After hearing the evidence the S.M. entered a verdict for Manners for £2 4/. The skeleton of one of the whales has been transferred to Port Pirie by a resident there as a novelty. Hundreds of people visited the locality during the few days after the capture. Several attempts were made to photograph the animals, but owing to a strong disinclination to approach the whales too closely the pictures were scarcely a success.


Sat 19 Mar 1904, Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1895 - 1954) Trove

Tickera. March 14. For the last 14 years there have been a good many hands employed raising and carting limestone flux all along the coastline, and although there has been a constant drain on the deposits, there is plenty more to be got. Now, however, a bomb has burst in Tickera, for Saturday's mail brought an instruction to the owners and foremen of the various leases to stop the raising, and send away all that has been broken. This is a serious matter for residents, as some of them do nothing else but flux work all the year round, and others who farm do not despise the flux in slack times. It is the only other occupation pursued here besides fanning, and gives employment to scores of hands. It usually means food for the workmen, and an occasional spree for some of them, but we have been unable to find the fluxman who is even thinking of retiring on his fortune.


Sat 6 Aug 1904, Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1895 - 1954) Trove

Tickera, July 20. Our correspondent has inspected some really good painting recently done by Miss Elsie Eayne, a daughter of a farmer here. The work is wonderful when one sees how the little artist works. She is about 13 years of age, and from the age of 7 has been a confirmed cripple....


Sat 31 Dec 1904, Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1895 - 1954) Trove

Tickera, December 20, For some time past the larder of a certain camp at Blackrock has been occasionally relieved of any superfluous bread it contained. A watch was kept at night, and the intruder was found. It proved to be a female opossum, carrying her baby....


Fri 11 May 1906, The Register (Adelaide, SA : 1901 - 1929) Trove

Tickera, May 7.— For many years this place has been prospected for metals. The old copper prospectors left permanent trade marks in the share of numbers of shallow shafts. Then the country remained for many years a sheep run, but the enterprising farmer came, saw and determined to conquer; and if present appearance goes for anything, the farmer who settled in Tickera 25 years or so ago and stayed there has not has cause to repent his decision....


Sat 30 Nov 1907, The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931) Trove

Wallaroo, November 29. A fire occurred in the hundred of Tickera and Wallaroo on the farms of Messrs. W. Bates, D. Snodgrass, W. Waters, and G. Gordon, resulting in about £1,000 damage. Mr. Bates lost 500 acres of grass, 40 acres of crop, 200 bags of wheat, and a quantity of fencing, valued at about £300. The wheat was insured. Mr. Snodgrass lost a few acres of grass and some fencing. Mr Waters lost 100 acres of feed, 40 acres of wheat, going about five bags to the acre, 100 tons of hay, waggon, chaffcutter, seed-drill, and implement sheds, valued at £700. Mr. Gordon lost 50 acres of oats and fencing, worth about £100.

Three men, who were working on Mr. Bates' farm, left their tent at about sunrise for work. On returning about 9.30 a.m. they found their tent burnt to the ground. When they had made everything secure they found the grass burning about 30 yards away, but could not cope with the flames. During the fire a strong north wind was blowing.


Sat 5 Dec 1908, The Kadina and Wallaroo Times (SA : 1888 - 1954) Trove

At Tickera on Thursday morning about eight o'clock John Kinner, a, boy aged 12 years, discovered Carl Wheatman (known as Louis), a fisherman, of Tickera, who had been a resident of the district for the past fourteen years, hanging by his neck by a rope fastened to the ridge pole of a tent, which was on the farm of Mr J. Kinnear....


Sat 23 Apr 1910, The Kadina and Wallaroo Times (SA : 1888 - 1954) Trove

Tickera, April 21. The facilities for shipping at Tickera are very few. A low fiat extends for some distance out from the beach. At high tide these flats are covered to the depth of from 4 ft. to 1 foot, but at low tide they much resemble a swamp. Ketches of ordinary draught are compelled to remain a mile or so out from the shore and all the cargo must be lightened by heavy barges....


Sat 22 Jul 1911, The Kadina and Wallaroo Times (SA : 1888 - 1954) Trove

The town of Tickera was the scene of a very pleasing ceremony on Friday, the occasion being the official opening of the newly erected school, which has been built by the Education Department in response to the request of the residents of the town and district, which had been supported by the School Board of Advice, and the members for the district....


Mon 24 Jul 1911, Daily Herald (Adelaide, SA : 1910 - 1924) Trove

A DEPUTATION'S BEQUEST. At the opening ceremony of the Tickera school a deputation took advantage of the presence of the Minister of Education (Hon.. F. W. Coneybeer) to request him to bring before the Government the necessity of a jetty at Tickera....


Wed 28 Apr 1918, The Kadina and Wallaroo Times (SA : 1888 - 1954) Trove

An exceedingly sad accident occurred on Tuesday morning between 8 and 9 o'clock, when Mr Fred. Bayne, jun., was kicked by a mare, and succumbed to his injuries soon afterwards....


Sat 21 Jul 1917, The Kadina and Wallaroo Times (SA : 1888 - 1954) Trove

On Wednesday afternoon and night Yorke's Peninsula was visited by a storm of unusual violence. The wind, which had been blowing' strongly and coldly all the morning, gradually veered to the West, and soon attained an almost hurricane like velocity. At Kadina the trees were tossing and roaring iii the wind and minor damage resulted to some of the smaller buildings, at Wallaroo Mines and in the vicinity of the town. At Wallaroo, the roofsheeting of several stacks was lifted bodily off and flung far and wide, and it was extremely dangerous to walk in the neighborhood. At 3 am, huge branch of a giant pine, a tree over 50 years old, was wrenched away and fell with a crash into the premises of Mr. W. Stocker, of Kadina. The branch which contained tons of timber, luckily fell the only possible way in which to avoid damage to the stables, where two ponies were housed, and other property. Two back yards were covered in green, and workmen were employed for a long time on Thursday clearing and cutting the debris away.

In the vicinity of the town the strong gale played havoc with the already mouse-riddled haystacks, and swept quantities away over the open fields. At Alford numbers of trees were uprooted or .blown down, and between Tickera, Brucefield and Alford sheds, stables and stacks also suffered considerably.

At Tickera the north wind was succeeded by a white squall, which commenced at 11.45 a.m, and was observed coming across the Gulf when still many miles away. Nothing like it has ever been experience in the district. The squall was accompanied by heavy hail and terrific lightning, the residence of Mr. Gully and that of the schoolmaster being struck. The chimney of Mr. Gully's house came down, and all the windows were broken. Mrs. Gully fainted, and is still suffering from shock. A curious circumstance was the injury to one of the panes glass, which had a circular piece taken out of the middle just as if it had been cut out with a diamond. The chimney of the school residence also suffered, and everything within the house was shaken off the nails and hooks. The children in the school were exceedingly alarmed, and the teacher had difficulty in assuring the younger portion of the scholars. Three houses were affected by the thunderbolt, and the wife of Mr. Lee, storekeeper of the place, had her arms and hands numbed for a long time after the stroke. The tide in the Tickera bay rose to an enormous height and it was impossible to, get on the beach. Several fishing boats were blown ashore. Altogether, considerable damage was done, and none of the residents remember ever having seen a squall as fierce as the one experienced on Wednesday. Heavy rain and hail also fell further inland.


Wed 31 Oct 1923, The Kadina and Wallaroo Times (SA : 1888 - 1954) Trove

Great regret is expressed at the death of Mr Daniel McIntosh, at the ripe age of eighty years, which removes a highly respected and popular figure on the Peninsula and the oldest pioneer of the Tickera district....


Mon 2 Feb 1931, The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931) Trove

Tank-sinker's Find Kadina, January 30.

Excitement was caused at Tickera by the finding of a skeleton. Mr. Richard Rees was staking an under Ground tank on the property of Mr. Chris Cronin, about 60 yards at the rear of what was once the old Tickera Hotel, when be came across a fairly well-preserved skeleton, about 3 ft down. The police were informed, and the remains taken to Wallaroo, where it was ascertained that the bones were those of a male aboriginal. It has been more than forty years since blackfellows were camped at Tickera.


Wed 2 Dec 1936, The Kadina and Wallaroo Times (SA : 1888 - 1954) Trove

There was a good gathering at the Back-to-Tickera School Celebrations on Monday, November 23, when Mr J. Willis formally opened the function. He subsequently introduced Mrs A. Bruce (nee Miss Beatrice Bunney), the oldest living teacher, who at a later stage called the roll of old scholars, in which Vennings' amplifier rendered good service. A "pilgrimage" was then made to the old school building, where a good deal of fun made for enjoyment by the old scholars and public alike.

Among the many old scholars were the followingMr and Mrs J. Willis, Mr and Mrs F. Way (Wallaroo), Mrs Kinnear (Kadina, Mrs W. Barker, Mrs L. J. Tremelling, Mr P. D. Anderson, Mrs J. Barker (Wallaroo), Mrs A. Barker (Wallaroo), Mrs S. Barnden (Kad.), Mrs M. Sharpies (Kad.), Messrs E. and C. Barnden (Adelaide), Mrs W. Reece (Woo.), Mrs G. Trigg (Adel.), Mr R. J. Pearce (Kad.), Mrs Art Brace, Mrs A. Bruce, Mr Charles Lower (oldest resident), Mrs W. Pearce (Brucefield), Messrs J. Hawkes A. H. Bruce, J. H. Mcintosh, Steven Manners, Mrs J. H. Mcintosh, Messrs T. and J. Burgess, Mrs W. Burgess (Woo.), Mr E. Lukeman (son of the first teacher-), Mr and Mrs James John, Mrs W. Flint, Mr H. Robertson, Mr and Mrs Art. Lewis, Mrs J. Watson (Lochiel),--Mrs Dicker, Mrs W. Harris, senr. (oldest living scholar).

An excellent afternoon tea, at which five sittings were necessary, was enjoyed by all in the schoolroom, which I was handsomely decorated for the occasion. Mrs A. Bruce cut the cake presented by Mr G. McKee (Woo.)

A concert was held in a special marquee erected for the occasion; when , over 300 were present. Those who ; assisted were Mrs C. Buchanan, Misses ' Phiibey, Misses Oolliver, Misses Donnell and B. Harris, Mrs Trigg, while Mr F. Way, of Wallaroo, interested the audience with a fascinating talk about the pioneers of Tickera. Mr Powell, chairman of the school committee, carried out the duties of chairman efficiently. Messrs Jack Mcintosh, C. Barnden, E: Lukeman, H. Lee and R. Cross caused much fun in their school clothes. At the conclusion a cordial , vote of thanks to all was carried at the instance of Messrs P. Cornelius and W. Roberts, and altogether the reunion was most happy and enjoyable.


Fri 3 May 1946, The Kadina and Wallaroo Times (SA : 1888 - 1954) Trove

As we walked up the road from the house on the sea-front, where we were staying on a visit from the city, lights of several cars were seen in the darkness of a beautiful autumn morning, coming from various points to our appointed meeting place near the school....


Wed 15 Jul 1953, The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1931 - 1954) Trove

Mice by the tens of thousands (some estimates run into millions) have invaded the Tickera district, north of Kadina, but none of the pestered residents asked yesterday could could give a reason for the visitation. The mice have eaten seed wheat after it has been planted in the ground and have even forced the local Methodist church to close down. The plague has been going on for months. Mr. O. F. Willis, a farmer living two miles north of the township, said last night that an all-out assault on the mice seemed to be working at last. There were definite signs that, the plague was subsiding. Farmers have attacked the mice with gas, poison and traps. The total bag for one day in one part was 680 dead mice . The farmers losses include about a quarter of the seed wheat planted this year eaten by mice, and serious inroads into stored grain and haystacks. The church had to close down last month because of distraction to worshippers caused by swarms of mice running about during services.


"For some time past the selectors in the Hundred of Tickera have been laboring under great disadvantages as regards the want of water, and the bad condition of their roads. The Surveyor General has always been most prompt in attending to petitions for clearing, but there are several sandhills which require metalling, that are at present impassable except with large teams and small loads. The want of a school is also beginning to be felt by those having families growing up.

It has also been found that the present mail arrangements were hardly satisfactory, the days being Tuesdays and Fridays instead of Wednesdays and Saturdays which it is considered will suit better, if meeting reformers was held at the residence of Mr Vance, at the western side of the Hundred of Tickera on Monday evening last. There was a large attendance, and Mr J. J. Christmas, Mayor of Kadina, was voted to the chair.

The Chairman said he was pleased to have the opportunity of running out tp their district, and to see the improvements that were being made. It was particularly gratifying to those who had selected land there to know that it was so suitable for wheat growing. Tickera stood No 1 this year. (Applause.) He hoped it would continue to keep that position. It was highly necessary in farming districts to have good roads. Those leading from Tickera required repairing, and it would not be an expensive job, for, unfortunately, they required no bridges. It was important to attend to these matters, and he was glad to see such a good attendance, and pleased to preside over tho first important meeting that had been held in their district. (Applause).

Mr Clark proposed the first resolution, " That the Commissioner of Crown Lands be asked to effect some repairs to road running north from section 901, hundred of Wallaroo, to North West corner of section 72, hundred of Tiekera the parts requiring repair being about twenty five chains. And further, to clear road from section 23s to section 76, hundred of Tickera."

Mr Hy. Bruce seconded.

Mr. Vance in supporting the resolution said the road mentioned in the first part of the resolution would doubtless eventually be placed on the Schedule of Main Roads, but some repairs were urgently required. Some of the sand hills were quite impassable : those who were compelled to use the roaa were put to the inconvenience of taking two teams to bring the load piecemeal over the hills, that one team afterwards took to Wallaroo or Kadina. Another great obstacle was the bad condition of the road at Fanell's corner, sec 97, which in wet weather was a complete quagmire. There was a spot where he had seen it requiring a team of 16 bullocks to cross with 3 1/2 tons of wood. He thought they were not asking these slight repairs without reason.

The resolution was carried unanimously.

Mr W. G. Cooke moved the second resolution, which was as follows ;-" That seeing the great scarcity of water in the district, all public and private dams being empty, the Government be usked to at once have the old Tickera well cleaned out, as promised two years ago, and also to reopen and clean the drains leading to the Tickera % n?ovcr said ,le did not apprehend any difficulty in this matter. Two years ago during the dry season he met the Commissioner of Crown Lands and the Surveyor General at Wallaroo, and pointed out the necessity for having the well in question cleaned out. Mr Goyder agreed to have the work done at once but fortunately they had a heavy fall of rain a few days afterwards which prevented the necessity for going on with the work. It was highly desirable that the work should be done at once. If it were not, many of the farmers would be reduced to severe straits. He had great pleasure in moving the resolution.

Mr Hollingsworth seconded

The resolution was carried unanimously.

Mr Butler said, as a resident of the eastern side of Tickera, known as Peela Weela, he was afraid if the farmers on the West side got all they were asking for there would be nothing left for the others. Their dam was now dry and was in need of being cleaned out. He proposed that the Government be asked to have the Peela Wtela dam cleaned, as also the drains leadine to it.

Mr Vance said he would second the proposition, but would first ask the mover if there were any truth in the report that the dam did not hold well.

Mr Butler said it was constructed in solid clay and was as good a dam as any in the colony. It had held water until after Christmas not withstanding the large amount of stock that watered at it.

Mr. Vance then seconded the proposition which was carried.

Mr. Pearce moved that the Government be asked to test the hundred with a boring machine in order to, if possible, discover an Artesian well.

Mr. Cooke seconded.

Mr Vance said he was persuaded that if this were done it would prove successful. He had spoken to one of the Surveyors who had been in the district, a gentleman of considerable experience, who gave it as his opinion that a plentiful supply of water would be obtained near the old Tickera wells at less than 200 feet at these there were times when the water rose to within a few feet of the surface.

The proposition was carried. " Mr R. A. Heath proposed, and Mr Hollingsworth seconded, " that the Government be asked to have the road cleared from S. E. corner of section 49, to N, W, corner of section 24 hundred of Tickera.

The proposition was carried.

Mr Cooke spoke of the inconvenience felt on account of the mail being delivered on Tuesdays and Fridays. He proposed that the Postmaster General be asked to have it altered to Wednesdays and Saturdays.

Mr W. Tremberth seconded the proposition, which was carried unanimously.

It was resolved on the motion of Mr Butler to ask the Government to survey and offer for sale the township of Peela Weela, at the seven cross roads, hundred of Tickera.

Mr Pearce pointed out the necessity of taking steps to procure a school for the district. There were a large number of children who, under existing circumstances were growing up in ignorance.

After a lengthy discussion it was finally resolved to ask for a school to be placed at the proposed new township of Peela Weela.

A committee consisting of Messrs Csote. Butler, R. A. Heath, Van'o, G. Heath, with the Mayors of Kadina and Wallaroo, and Messrs T. R. Heath, Hosking, Kobes, and Clark, were appointed to place the foregoing resolutions before the Government

The committee will meet at Kadina on Thursday next (to-morrow).

A vote of thanks to the Chairman brought the proceedings to a close.

TICKERA. April 25.

This hundred was visited with some nice heavy showers last night (Sunday), which commenced between 5 and 6 o'clock, and it rained till neat midnight. The rain was sadly needed, as I believe everyone was carting water from Kadina or Port Wallaroo. No heavy rains have fallen here since about last September, but now several dams and tanks have a supply which will last for some time. The Tickera well which at one time supplied large mobs of sheep and cattle, is now nearly filled with mud and washdirt in consequence of having no protection, being on a level with the bed of the creek, and it is estimated to have over thirty feet of mud and refuse in it. It seems a great pity the Government do not have these wells put in repair, and then let them on lease with a few acres of land, on the ground that an accommodation house or a small township is much needed here, as travellers and large mobs of sheep often pass this way from the Broughton down to the Peninsula townships.

Seeding operations are being rapidly pushed forward. One farmer has tilled (double ploughed) four hundred acres, and sewn the same, and others are very busy, knowing that April and the two first weeks in May are the best for sowing wheat.

Election matters passed off very quietly here, only a few exercising their franchise, they being so fully employed in tilling operations. It was a very awkward and inconvenient time for famers.

Tickera Well

Yorke Peninsula Heritage Survey 1997

Screenshot 2018-2-01 13.35.30


A formed well, approximately 1.5 metres in diameter, lined with local granite stones. (A safety grid hasbeen-placed across the well at ground level).


An important water source for early pastoralists in this area and later settlers who established thetownship at Tickera.

Recommendation: Local Heritage Place BW:07


The Tickera Well is on a seasonal creek line several hundred metres from the sea at Tickera Bay. The wells were used by local Aboriginal people and later by the early pastoralists. They were important watering points for livestock from Edmund Parnell and Stephen Bowman's Tickera and Crystal Brook runs .

Water for both humans and livestock was a scarce commodity on most of Yorke Peninsula and attempts to build dams or sink wells were often unsuccessful. Any good source of potable water was a valuable resource .

The Tickera Wells at one stage had iron troughs and pumps erected on them. The site was restored and interpreted by the District Council of Bute as a Jubilee 150 project in 1986.


  1. (a) it displays historical, economic or social themes that are of importance to the local area.

  2. (b) it represents customs or ways of life that are characteristic of the local area.

  3. (c) it has played an important part in the lives of local residents

. . . . (f) it is a notable landmark in the area


Paterson, R. M. & Price, E. L. (1984) From Stumps to Stubble. A History of the District of Bute, pp. 58,59,61 , 170

Weidenhofer Architects, Historical Research Pty Ltd, Austral Archaeology page 92